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Ian Gould

President's Professor and Interim Director
Faculty w/Admin Appointment, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 1604
Biography: 

Ian Gould is President's Professor in the School of Molecular Sciences at Arizona State University. He joined ASU in 1998. He has more than 125 refereed publications and an H-index over 45. Current research interests are in organic geochemistry and geochemically inspired green organic chemistry. He also has research programs in understanding student performance in organic chemistry courses and is developing an intelligent online tutoring system for organic chemistry in collaboration with ASU Professor Kurt VanLehn.

Prior to ASU, Professor Gould's doctorate was earned from the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom (1980), where he worked with A. A. Gorman on the mechanisms of singlet oxygen reactions. In 1981, he joined N. J. Turro's lab at Columbia University as a postdoctoral researcher and worked on several problems in mechanistic organic chemistry, including the fast reactions of carbenes, ylides and radicals, and chemical reactions in microheterogeneous environments. In 1986 he moved to the Eastman Kodak Company in Rochester, NY, where has was a member of the Corporate Research Laboratories, and also the NSF Science and Technology Center for Photoinduced Charge Transfer. In Rochester he primarily collaborated with S. Farid on the fundamental aspects of single electron transfer reactions and the reactions of radical ions.

Education: 
  • Ph.D. University of Manchester, U.K. 1980
  • M.Sc. University of Manchester, U.K. 1978
  • B.Sc. University of Manchester, U.K. 1977
Research Interests: 

Over 99.99% of the Earth's organic carbon, more than 15,000,000 Gt, does not participate in the conventional carbon cycle, but is located beneath the surface of the Earth. The reactions of this huge quantity of organic matter are important as a component of the deep geochemical carbon cycle that controls atmospheric carbon dioxide, in petroleum and natural gas processing and generation, in organic processes in marine environments, and as energy sources for deep microbial communities. From an organic chemistry perspective these reactions are very interesting in that many do not follow the "rules" of conventional organic chemistry described in textbooks. In short, most of the organic chemistry on earth is not what we teach in our classrooms!

Geochemically relevant organic reactions take place using only water as the solvent and without the need for exotic reagents. We can learn a lot from how the earth does organic chemistry. We have several research programs in this area, from understanding the chemistry of geochemically relevant organic reactions, learning how common minerals catalyze organic reactions and developing new green organic chemical processes that are inspired by geology rather than biology, i.e. geomimicry.

We use classical organic chemistry approaches to study these processes such as product analysis, isotope effects and kinetics, and also make heavy use of ab initio computations. We have also brought new techniques to the study of hydrothermal reactions including real-time Raman spectroscopy and photochemical probes of mechanism.

We also have active research projects to understand the affective factors that contribute to student success in general organic chemistry classes, and are developing constructivist methods of teaching to address the cognitive challenges that students face when learning organic chemistry. We also have NSF funding to build a web-based intelligent tutoring system for organic chemistry.

Publications: 

"Metastable equilibrium of substitution reactions among oxygen- and nitrogen-bearing organic compounds at hydrothermal conditions," Robinson, Kirtland J., Fecteau, Kristopher M., Gould, Ian R., Hartnett, Hilairy E., Williams, Lynda B., Shock, Everett L.  Geochimica ET Cosmochimica Acta.   272 93-104 (2020)

"\Production of Carboxylic Acids from Aldehydes under Hydrothermal Conditions: A Kinetics Study of Benzaldehyde," Fecteau, Kristopher M.; Gould, Ian R.; Glein, Christopher R.; Williams, Lynda B.; Hartnett, Hilairy E.; Shock, Everett L.  ACS Earth and Space Chemistry.  3, 2, 170-191 (2019)

"Understanding the Solvent Contribution to Chemical Reaction Barriers," Morris, William, Lorance, Edward D., Gould, Ian R.  Journal o Physical Chemistry A.  123 (49) 10490-10499 (2019)

"Selective hydrothermal reductions using geomimicry," C. Bockisch, E.D. Lorance, G. Shaver, L.B. Williams, H.E. Hartnett, E.L. Shock, I.R. Gould, Green Chemistry.  21 (15) 4159-4168 (2019)

"Geomomicry: Chemists learning from geologists," C. Bockisch, Z. Yang, H. Hartnett, L. Williams, E. Shock, I.Gould, Abstracts of Papers of the Amercian Chemical Society.  257 (2019)

"Organic compounds as tracers of temperature and pH in geologic systems," Robinson, K.; Bockisch, C.; Gould, I.; Fecteau, K.; Shock, E.  Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society.  257 (2019)

"Deamination reaction mechanisms of protonated amines under hydrothermal conditions," Robinson, K.J.; Gould, I.R.; Fecteau, K.M.; Hartnett, H.E.; Williams, L.B.; Shock, E.L.  Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta.  244, 113-128 (2019)

“The influence of minerals on hydrothermal reactions of ketones,” Yang, Z.; Gould, I. R., Williams, L., Hartnett, H., Shock, E. L., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 233 107-126 (2018)

“Relating motivation and student outcomes in general organic chemistry,” Austin, A. C.; Hammond, N.; Barrows, N.; Gould, D. L.; Gould, I. R., Chem. Ed. Res. Prac. 19 331-341 (2018)

“Mineral-catalyzed production of benzene under hydrothermal conditions: Insights from experimental studies on C6 cyclic hydrocarbons,” Venturi S., Tassi F., Gould I. R., Shock E. L., Lorance E. D., Bockisch C. and Fecteau K., J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 346 21-27 (2017)

“A Web-Based Teaching Tool for Multi-Step Synthesis on Organic Chemistry: Student Perspectives and Motivations,” Koseler, R.; Ben-Daat, H,; Austin, A.; Gould, I. R., EDULEARN16 Proceedings, IATED: Valencia, Spain 6559-6565 (2016)

“Design and Development of an Adaptive Online Learning System for Teaching Organic Chemistry: Empirical Investigation of Chemistry Online Practice Environment,” Koseler, R.; Gould, I. R., EDULEARN16 Proceedings, IATED: Valencia, Spain 3536-3543 (2016)

"Organic Oxidations Using Geomimicry," Yang, Z.; Hartnett, H. E.; Shock, E. L.; Gould, I. R., J. Org. Chem. 80 12159 (2015)

"Reversible Electrochemical Trapping of Carbon Dioxide Using 4,4'-Bipyridine That Does Not Require Thermal Activation," Ranjan, R.; Olson, J.; Singh, P.; Lorance, E. D.; Buttry, D. A.; Gould, I. R., J. Phys. Chem. Letters 6 4943 (2015)

"Measuring Student Performance in General Organic Chemistry," Austin, A. C.; Ben-Daat, H.; Zhu, M.; Barrows, N.; Atkinson, R. L.; Gould, I. R.,Chem. Ed. Res. Prac. 16 168 (2015)

"Hydrothermal Photochemistry as a Mechanistic Tool in Organic Geochemistry: The Chemistry of Dibenzyl Ketone," Yang, Z.; Lorance, E. D.; Bockisch, C.; Williams,, L. B.; Hartnett, H. E.; Shock, E. L.; Gould, I. R., J. Org. Chem. 79 7861 (2014)

"Sphalerite is a geochemical catalyst for carbon−hydrogen bond activation," Shipp, J. A.; Gould, I. R.; Shock, E. L.; Williams, L. B.; Hartnett, H. E.,PNAS 111 11642 (2014)

"N-Alkoxyheterocycles as Irreversible Photooxidants," Wosinska, Z. M.; Stump, F. L.; Ranjan, R.; Lorance, E. D.; Finley, G. N.; Patel, P. P.; Khawaja, M. A.; Odom, K. L.; Kramer, W. H.; Gould, I. R., Photochem. Photobiol. 90 313 (2014)

"Organic functional group transformations in water at elevated temperature and pressure: Reversibility, reactivity, and mechanisms," Shipp, J.; Gould, I. R.; Herckes, P.; Shock, E. L.; Williams, L. B.; Hartnett, H. E., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 104 194 (2013)

"The central role of ketones in reversible and irreversible hydrothermal organic functional group transformations," Yang, Z.; Gould, I. R.; Williams, L. B.; Hartnett, H. E.; Shock, E. L., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 98 48 (2013)

"Production of carboxylic acids from adehydes under hydrothermal conditions: A kinetics study of benzaldehyde," Fecteau, K. M.; Gould, I. R.; Glein, C. R.; Williams, L. B.; Hartnett, H. E.; Shock, E. L., ACS Earth Space Chem (2019)

"Deamination reactions mechanisms under acidic hydrothermal conditions," Robinson, K. R.; Gould, I. R.; Fecteau, K. R.; Harnett, H. E.; Williams, L. B.; Shock, E. L.,  Geochimica Coschimica Acta 244 113-128 (2019)

"The Mechanisms of Dehydration of Secondary Alcohols Under Hydrothermal Conditions," Bockisch, C.; Lorance, E. D.; Williams, L.; Hartnett, H. E.; Shock, E. L.; Gould, I. R., ACS Earth Space Chem. 2 821-832 (2018)

"Relating motivation and student outcomes in general organic chemistry," Austin, A. C.; Hammond, N.; Barrows, N.; Gould, D. L.; Gould, I. R., Chemical Education Research and Practice 19 331-341 (2018)

"The influence of minerals on hydrothermal reactions of ketones," Yang, Z.; Gould, I. R.; Williams, L.; Harnett, H.; Shock, E. L., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 233 107-126 (2018)

Fall 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
CHM 233General Organic Chemistry I
BIO 493Honors Thesis
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
CHM 501Current Topics in Chemistry
CHM 584Internship
BCH 592Research
CHM 592Research
BCH 593Applied Project
CHM 593Applied Project
CHM 599Thesis
BCH 599Thesis
CHM 784Internship
CHM 790Reading and Conference
BCH 792Research
CHM 792Research
CHM 795Continuing Registration
CHM 799Dissertation
BCH 799Dissertation
Summer 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
CHM 499Individualized Instruction
BCH 499Individualized Instruction
CHM 584Internship
CHM 592Research
BCH 592Research
CHM 593Applied Project
CHM 599Thesis
CHM 784Internship
CHM 790Reading and Conference
CHM 792Research
BDE 792Research
BCH 792Research
CHM 795Continuing Registration
CHM 799Dissertation
BCH 799Dissertation
Spring 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
CHM 234General Organic Chemistry II
CHM 499Individualized Instruction
CHE 593Applied Project
BDE 792Research
BDE 799Dissertation
Spring 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
CHM 233General Organic Chemistry I
CHM 234General Organic Chemistry II
CHE 593Applied Project
BDE 792Research
BDE 799Dissertation
Fall 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
CHM 191First-Year Seminar
CHM 194Special Topics
CHM 233General Organic Chemistry I
CHM 234General Organic Chemistry II
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
Spring 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
CHM 233General Organic Chemistry I
CHM 234General Organic Chemistry II
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
CHE 593Applied Project
Fall 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
CHM 194Special Topics
CHM 233General Organic Chemistry I
CHM 234General Organic Chemistry II
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
Fall 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
CHM 194Special Topics
CHM 233General Organic Chemistry I
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
Spring 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
CHM 234General Organic Chemistry II
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
CHE 593Applied Project