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Ariane Middel

Asst Professor
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 5802
Affiliate Faculty
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 5802
Senior Global Futures Scientist
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 5802
Asst Professor
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 5802
Asst Professor
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 5802

Ariane Middel’s research interests lie in the interdisciplinary field of urban climate with focus on climate-sensitive urban form, design, landscapes, and infrastructure in the face of extreme heat and climatic uncertainty.

For the past decade, Middel has advanced the field of urban climate science through applied and solutions-oriented research employing quantitative and qualitative field observations, local and microscale climate modeling, and geovisualization to investigate sustainability challenges related to heat, thermal comfort, Urban Heat Islands, water use, energy use, and human-climate interactions in cities.

Her ongoing research is focused on developing better models and metrics to quantify urban heatscapes as they are experienced by pedestrians. She currently develops a thermal comfort model based on an innovative big data approach using Street View data, deep learning, and novel environmental sensing techniques such as the biometeorological MaRTy cart.

Middel directs the SHaDE Lab at ASU and is an active member of the Urban Climate Research Center (UCRC) and the Central Arizona–Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research (CAP LTER) program. She currently serves a 3-year term (2019-2022) on the Executive Board of the International Association of Urban Climate (IAUC), the premier international organization for researchers engaged in all aspects of urban climate scholarship. She is also a Board member of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Built Environment (BUE), a member of the International Society of Biometeorology (ISB), and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

Middel joined the School of Arts, Media and Engineering (AME) as an assistant professor in 2018. She has a joint appointment with the School of Computing and Augmented Intelligence (SCAI). Previously, she was an assistant professor in the Department of Geography and Urban Studies at Temple University and an assistant research professor with the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning at ASU. She received her doctorate in computer science (visualization) from a German National Science Foundation-funded international graduate school at University of Kaiserslautern, Germany and holds bachelor's and master's degrees in engineering from University of Bonn, Germany.

  • Ph.D. Computer Science, University of Kaiserslautern, Germany 2008
  • M.Sc. Geodetic Engineering, University of Bonn, Germany 2003
  • B.Sc. Geodetic Engineering, University of Bonn, Germany 2003
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Research Interests: 

urban climate, heat mitigation, thermal comfort, human biometeorology, modeling and simulation, microclimate, local climate, climate-sensitive urban design, climate adaptation and mitigation, urban heat islands, urban climate informatics, geographic information systems, human-environment interaction, land use and land cover, sustainability, geovisualization

Research Group: 

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles
Asterisk (*) indicates lead and/or corresponding authorship. 

[J67] Jing Huang, Fanhua Kong, Haiwei Yin, Ariane Middel, Hongqing Liu, Xiandi Zheng, Zhihao Wen, Ding Wang. (in press). Transpirational cooling and physiological response of trees to heat Agricultural and Urban Forest Meteorology [IF 2020: 5.734]

[J66] Marc A. Adams, Christine B. Phillips, Akshar Patel, Ariane Middel. (2022). Training Computers to See the Built Environment related to Physical Activity: Detection of Micro-scale Walkability Features using Computer Vision. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,19:4548 [IF 2020: 3.390]

[J65] Fanhua Kong, Jianyu Chen, Ariane Middel, Haiwei Yin, Manchun Li, Ting Sun, Ning Zhang, Jing Huang, Hongqing Liu, Jinsong Ma. (2022). Impact of 3-D urban landscape patterns on the outdoor thermal environment: A modelling study with UMEP, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 94. 101773 [IF 2020: 5.324]

[J64] Jacob A. Lachapelle, E. Scott Krayenhoff, Ariane Middel, Samuel Meltzer, Ashley M. Broadbent, Matei Georgescu. (2022). A Microscale Three-Dimensional Model of Urban Outdoor Thermal Exposure (TUF-Pedestrian), International Journal of Biometeorology, 169 [IF 2020: 3.787]

[J63] Dragan Milošević, Ariane Middel, Stevan Savić, Kevin Lau, Jelena Dunjić, Rastislav Stojsavljević. (2022). Meteorological conditions and mask wearing behavior in urban spaces of Novi Sad in hot weather during the COVID-19 pandemic, Science of the Total Environment, 815:152782 [IF 2020: 7.963]

[J62] V. Kelly Turner, Morgan L. Rogers, Yujia Zhang, Ariane Middel, Florian Arwed Schneider, Jonathan P. Ocón, Megs Seeley, John J. Dialesandro. (2022). More than surface temperature: Mitigating thermal exposure in hyper-local land systems, Journal of Land Use Science, [IF 2020: 2.885]

[J61] Konrad Rykaczewski, Jennifer K. Vanos, Ariane Middel. (2022). Anisotropic radiation source models for computational thermal manikin simulations based on common radiation field measurements, Building and Environment, 208: 108636 [IF 2020: 6.456]

[J60] Hongqing Liu, Haiwei Yin, Fanhua Kong, Ariane Middel, Xiandi Zheng, Tao Sun, Ding Wang, Itamar M. Lensky. (2022). Changing of nutrients, microorganisms, and physical properties of exposed extensive green roof substrate, Science of the Total Environment, 805:150344 [IF 2020: 7.963]

[J59] Yue Chang, Jingfeng Xiao, Xuxiang Li, Ariane Middel, Yunwei Zhang, Zhaolin Gu, Yiping Wu, Shan He. (2021). Exploring diurnal cycling of urban thermal environment and variations among local climate zones with land surface temperature data derived from ECOSTRESS. Remote Sensing of Environment, 263:112544 [IF 2020: 10.164]

[J58]* Ariane Middel, Saud AlKhaled, Florian Arwed Schneider, Björn Hagen, Paul Coseo. (2021). 50 Grades of Shade. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS). [IF 2020: 8.766]

[J57] Shreya Banerjee, Ariane Middel, Subrata Chattopadhyay. (2021). Regression model based three phase approach for assessing outdoor thermal comfort in informal micro-entrepreneurial contexts in tropical Mumbai, International Journal of Biometeorology. [IF 2020: 3.787]

[J56] Jennifer K. Vanos, Konrad Rykaczewski, Ariane Middel, Daniel J. Vecellio, Robert D. Brown, Terry J. Gillespie. (2021). Improved methods for estimating mean radiant temperature in hot and sunny outdoor settings. International Journal of Biometeorology, 65:967–983 [IF 2020: 3.787]

[J55] Xiandi Zheng, Fanhua Kong, Haiwei Yin, Ariane Middel, Hongqing Liu, Ding Wang, Tao Sun, Itamar Lensky. (2021). Outdoor thermal performance of green roofs across multiple time scales: A case study in subtropical China. Sustainable Cities and Society, 102909. [IF 2019: 5.268]

[J54] Hongqing Liu, Fanhua Kong, Haiwei Yin, Ariane Middel, Xiandi Zheng, Jing Huang, Hairong Xu, Ding Wang, Zhihao Wen. (2021). Impacts of green roofs on water, temperature, and air quality: A bibliometric review, Building and Environment, 196:107794 [IF 2019: 4.971]

[J53] Scott E. Krayenhoff, Ashley M. Broadbent, Lei Zhao, Matei Georgescu, Ariane Middel, James A. Voogt, Alberto Martilli, David Sailor, Evyatar Erell. (2021). Cooling hot cities: A systematic and critical review of the numerical modelling literature, Environmental Research Letters. [IF 2019: 6.096]

[J52] Mehdi P. Heris, Kenneth J. Bagstad, Charles Rhodes, Austin Troy, Ariane Middel, John Matuszak. (2021). Piloting urban ecosystem accounting for the United States, Ecosystem Services, 48:101226 [IF 2019: 6.330]

[J51] Dorit Aviv, Hongshan Guo, Ariane Middel, Forrest Meggers. (2021). Evaluating radiant heat in an outdoor urban environment: Resolving spatial and temporal variations with two sensing platforms and data-driven simulation, Urban Climate, 35: 100745. [IF 2019: 3.834]

[J50] Jennifer K. Vanos, Mary Wright, Ariane Middel, Alaina Kaiser, Harrison Ambrose, David M. Hondula. (2020). Perceptions and performance of evaporative misters on outdoor thermal comfort, International Journal of Biometeorology. [IF 2019: 2.680]

[J49]* Peter Crank, Ariane Middel, Melissa Wagner, Dani Hoots, Martin Smith, Anthony J. Brazel. (2020). Validation of Seasonal Mean Radiant Temperature Simulations in Hot Arid Urban Climate, Science of the Total Environment, 141392. [IF 2019: 6.551]

[J48] Mehdi P. Heris, Ariane Middel, Brian H. Muller. (2020). Impacts of Form and Design Policies on Urban Microclimate: Assessment of Zoning and Design Guideline Choices in Urban Redevelopment projects, Landscape and Urban Planning, 202:103870. [IF 2019: 5.441]

[J47] Zoe Hamstead, Paul Coseo, Saud AlKhaled, Emmanuel Frimpong Boamah, David Hondula, Ariane Middel, Nicholas Rajkovich. (2020). Thermally Resilient Communities: Creating a Socio-Technical Collaborative Response to Extreme Temperatures, Buildings and Cities, 1(1):218–232. [IF 2019: N/A]

[J46]* Ariane Middel, V. Kelly Turner, Florian A. Schneider, Yujia Zhang, Matthew Stiller. (2020). Solar Reflective Pavement – A Policy Panacea to Heat Mitigation? Environmental Research Letters, 15:064016. [IF 2019: 6.096]

[J45] Shreya Banerjee, Ariane Middel, Subrata Chattopadhyay. (2020). Outdoor thermal comfort in various microentrepreneurial settings in hot humid tropical Kolkata: Human biometeorological assessment of objective and subjective parameters, Science of the Total Environment, 721:137741. [IF 2019: 6.551]

[J44] David M. Iwaniec, Matei Georgescu, Melissa Davidson, Elisabeth M. Cook, E. Scott Krayenhoff, Nancy B. Grimm, Monica Berbés-Blázquez, Xiaoxiao Li, Ariane Middel, David Sampson. (2020). The Co-production of Sustainable Future Scenarios, Landscape and Urban Planning, 197:103744. [IF 2019: 5.441]

[J43] Roxana Bujack, Ariane Middel. (2020). State of the Art in Flow Visualization in the Environmental Sciences, Environmental Earth Sciences, 79(2):65. [IF 2019: 2.180]

[J42] Kerry Nice, Jasper S. Wijnands, Ariane Middel, Jingcheng Wang, Yiming Qiu, Nan Zhao, Jason Thompson, Gideon D.P.A. Aschwanden, Haifeng Zhao, Mark Stevenson. (2020). Sky Pixel Detection in Outdoor Imagery Using an Adaptive Algorithm and Machine Learning. Urban Climate, 31:100572. [IF 2019: 3.834]

[J41] Kaylee Colter, Ariane Middel, Chris A. Martin. (2019). Effects of natural and artificial shade on human thermal comfort in Phoenix, Arizona, USA, Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 44:126429. [IF 2018: 3.043]

[J40] Haiwei Yin, Fanhua Kong, Iryna Dronova, Ariane Middel, Philip James. (2019). Investigation of extensive green roof outdoor spatio-temporal thermal performance during summer in a subtropical monsoon climate, Science of the Total Environment, 696, 133976. [IF 2018: 5.589]

[J39] Sushobhan Sen, Jeffery Roesler, Benjamin L. Ruddell, Ariane Middel. (2019). Cool Pavement Strategies for Heat Mitigation in Suburban Phoenix, Arizona, Sustainability, 11(16), 4452. [IF 2018: 2.592].

[J38]* Ariane Middel, E. Scott Krayenhoff. (2019). Micrometeorological determinants of pedestrian thermal exposure during record-breaking heat in Tempe, Arizona: Introducing the MaRTy observational platform, Science of the Total Environment, 687:137–151. [IF 2018: 5.589]

[J37] Mehdi Aminipouri, David Rayner, Fredrik Lindberg, Sofia Thorsson, Anders Jensen Knudby, Kirsten Zickfeld, Ariane Middel, E. Scott Krayenhoff. (2019). Urban tree planting to maintain outdoor thermal comfort under climate change: The case of Vancouver's local climate zones. Building and Environment, 158, 226–236. [IF 2018: 4.820]

[J36] Jason Ching, Dan Aliaga, Gerald Mills, Valery Masson, Linda See, Marina Neophytou, Ariane Middel, Alexander Baklanov, Chao Ren, Ed Ng, Jimmy Fung, Michael Wong, Yuan Huang, Alberto Martilli, Oscar Brousse, Iain Stewart, Xiaowei Zhang, Aly Shehata, Shiguang Miao, Xuemei Wang, Weiwen Wang, Yoshiki Yamagata, Denise Duarte, Yuguo Li, Johan Feddema, Benjamin Bechtel, Julia Hidalgo, Yelva Roustan, YoungSeob Kim, Helge Simon, Tim Kropp, Michael Bruse, Fredrik Lindberg, Sue Grimmond, Matthias Demuzere, Fei Chen, Chen Li, Jorge Gonzales-Cruz, Bob Bornstein, Qiaodong He, Tzu-Ping Lin, Adel Hanna, Evyatar Erell, Nigel Tapper, R.K. Mall, Dev Niyogi. (2019). Pathway using WUDAPT’s Digital Synthetic City tool towards generating urban canopy parameters for multi-scale urban atmospheric modeling, Urban Climate, 28. [IF 2018: N/A]

[J35] Matthias Demuzere, Benjamin Bechtel, Ariane Middel, Gerald Mills. (2019). Mapping Europe into Local Climate Zones, PLoS ONE, 14(4): e0214474. [IF 2018: 2.776]

[J34] Yujia Zhang, Ariane Middel, Billie L. Turner II. (2019). Evaluating the Effects of Vertical Urban Forms on Neighborhood Land Surface Temperature Using Google Street View Images. Landscape Ecology, 34(3), 681–697. [IF 2018: 4.349]

[J33] Mehdi Aminipouri, Anders Jensen Knudby, E. Scott Krayenhoff, Kirsten Zickfeld, Ariane Middel. (2019). Modelling the impact of increased street tree cover on mean radiant temperature across Vancouver’s local climate zones. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 39:9–17. [IF 2017: 3.043]

[J32] David Hondula, John Sabo, Ray Quay, Mikhail Chester, Matei Georgescu, Nancy Grimm, Sharon Harlan, Ariane Middel, Bruce Rittmann, Benjamin Ruddell, Dave White. (2019). Cities of the Southwest are testbeds for urban resilience, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 17(2):79–80. [IF 2018: 10.935]

[J31]* Ariane Middel, Jonas Lukasczyk, Sophie Zakrzewski, Michael Arnold, Ross Maciejewski. (2019). Urban Form and Composition of Street Canyons: A Human-Centric Big Data and Deep Learning Approach, Landscape and Urban Planning, 183:122–132. [IF 2018: 5.144]

[J30] Jennifer K. Vanos, Eichi Kosaka, Akiko Iida, Makoto Yokohari, Ariane Middel, Ian Scott-Flemming, Robert D. Brown. (2019). Planning for Spectator Thermal Comfort and Health in the Face of Extreme Heat: The Tokyo 2020 Olympic Marathons, Science of the Total Environment,​1016/​j.​scitotenv.​2018.​11.​447 [IF 2018: 5.589]

[J29] Benjamin Bechtel, Paul J Alexander, Christoph Beck, Jürgen Böhner, Oscar Brousse, Jason Ching, Matthias Demuzere, Cidália Fonte, Tamás Gál, Julia Hidalgo, Peter Hoffmann, Ariane Middel, Gerald Mills, Chao Ren, Linda See, Panagiotis Sismanidis, Marie-Leen Verdonck, Guang Xu, Yong Xu. (2019). Generating WUDAPT Level 0 data – current status of production and evaluation. Urban Climate, 27:24-45. [IF 2018: N/A]

[J28] Christopher Hoehne, David Hondula, Mikhail Chester, David Eisenman, Ariane Middel, Andrew Fraser, Lance Watkins, Katrina Gerster. (2018). Heat exposure during outdoor activities in the US varies significantly by city, demography, and activity, Health and Place, 54:1–10. [IF 2018: 3.202]

[J27]* Ariane Middel, Jonas Lukasczyk, Ross Maciejewski, Matthias Demuzere, Matthias Roth. (2018). Sky View Factor Footprints for Urban Climate Modeling, Urban Climate, 25:120–134.​1016/​j.​uclim.​2018.​05.​004 [IF 2017: N/A]

[J26] Eichi Kosaka, Akiko Iida, Jennifer Vanos, Ariane Middel, Makoto Yokohari, Robert Brown. (2018). Microclimate Variation and Estimated Heat Stress of Runners in the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Marathon, Atmosphere, 9: 192. [IF 2017: 1.704]

[J25] Jennifer Vanos, Ariane Middel, Michelle Poletti, Nancy Selover. (2018). Evaluating the impact of solar radiation on pediatric heat balance within enclosed, hot vehicles. Temperature, 1–17. [IF 2017: N/A]

[J24]* Chuyuan Wang, Ariane Middel, Soe W. Myint, Anthony J. Brazel, Shai Kaplan, Jonas Lukasczyk. (2018). Assessing local climate zones in arid cities: The case of Phoenix, Arizona and Las Vegas, Nevada, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 141: 59–71. [IF 2017: 6.942]

[J23] David M. Hondula, Robert C. Balling Jr., Riley Andrade, E. Scott Krayenhoff, Ariane Middel, Aleš Urban, Matei Georgescu, David J. Sailor. (2017). Biometeorology in Cities, International Journal of Biometeorology. 61(Supp 1):59–69. [IF 2016: 2.204]

[J22] Evan R. Kuras, Molly C. Bernhard, Miriam M. Calkins, Kristie L. Ebi, Jeremy J. Hess, Kristina W. Kintziger, Meredith A. Jagger, Ariane Middel, Anna A. Scott, June T. Spector, Christopher K. Uejio, Jennifer K. Vanos, Benjamin F. Zaitchik, Julia M. Gohlke, David M. Hondula. (2017). Opportunities and Challenges for Personal Heat Exposure Research, Environmental Health Perspectives, 125(8):085001. [IF 2016: 9.780]

[J21] Chao Fan, Soe Myint, Shai Kaplan, Ariane Middel, Baojuan Zheng, Atiqur Raham, Huei-Ping Huang, Anthony Brazel, Dan Blumberg, (2017). Understanding the Impact of Urbanization on Surface Urban Heat Islands – A Longitudinal Analysis of the Oasis Effect in Subtropical Desert Cities, Remote Sensing, 9(7), 672. [IF 2016: 3.244]

[J20] Benjamin Bechtel, Matthias Demuzere, Panagiotis Sismanidis, Daniel Fenner, Oscar Brousse, Christoph Beck, Frieke Van Coillie, Olaf Conrad, Iphigenia Keramitsoglou, Ariane Middel, Gerald Mills, Dev Niyogi, Marco Otto, Linda See, Marie-Leen Verdonck, (2017). Quality of crowdsourced data on urban morphology – the human influence experiment (HUMINEX), Urban Science, 1(2):15. [IF 2016: N/A]

[J19]* Ariane Middel, Jonas Lukasczyk, Ross Maciejewski. (2017). Sky View Factors from Synthetic Fisheye Photos for Thermal Comfort Routing – A Case Study in Phoenix, Arizona, Urban Planning, 2(1):19–30. [IF 2016: N/A]

[J18] Haiwei Yin, Fanhua Kong, Ariane Middel, Iryna Dronova, Hailong Xu, Philip James. (2017). Cooling effect of direct green façades during hot summer days: An observational study in Nanjing, China using TIR and 3DPC data, Building and Environment, 116:195–206. [IF 2016: 4.053]

[J17]* Ariane Middel, Nancy Selover, Björn Hagen, Nalini Chhetri. (2016). Impact of Shade on Outdoor Thermal Comfort - A Seasonal Field Study in Tempe, Arizona, International Journal of Biometeorology, 60(12):1849–1861. [IF 2016: 2.204]

[J16] Katherine Crewe, Anthony J. Brazel, Ariane Middel. (2016). Desert New Urbanism: Testing for Comfort in Downtown Tempe Arizona, Journal of Urban Design, 21(6):746–763. [IF 2015: 0.605]

[J15] Björn Hagen, Ariane Middel, David Pijawka. (2016). Global Climate Change Risk and Mitigation Perceptions: A comparison of nine countries, Journal of Sustainable Development, 9(5):214–228. [IF 2016: /A]

[J14] Fanhua Kong, Changfeng Sun; Fengfeng Liu; Haiwei Yin, Fei Jiang, Yingixa Pu, Gina Cavan, Cynthia Skelhorn, Ariane Middel, Iryna Dronova. (2016). Energy Saving Potential of Fragmented Green Spaces Due to their Temperature Regulating Ecosystem Services in the Summer, Applied Energy, 183:1428–1440. [IF 2016: 7.182]

[J13] Björn Hagen, David Pijawka, Ariane Middel. (2016). European Climate Change Perceptions: Mitigation and Adaptation Policies to Improve Resiliency, Environmental Policy and Governance, 26:170–183. [IF 2016: 2.032]

[J12] Xiaoxiao Li, Wenwen Li, Ariane Middel, Sharon Harlan, Anthony J. Brazel, Billie L. Turner II. (2016). Remote Sensing of th N e Surface Urban Heat Island and Land Architecture in Phoenix, Arizona: Combined Effects of Land Composition and Configuration and Cadastral-Demographic-Economic Factors, Remote Sensing of Environment, 174:233–243. [IF 2016: 6.265]

[J11] Jennifer K. Vanos, Ariane Middel, Grant R. McKercher, Evan R. Kuras, Benjamin L. Ruddell. (2016). A Multiscale Surface Temperature Analysis of Urban Playgrounds in a Hot, Dry City. Landscape and Urban Planning, 146:29–42. [IF 2016: 4.563]

[J10] Kathrin Häb, Benjamin L. Ruddell, Ariane Middel. (2015). Sensor Lag Correction for Mobile Urban Microclimate Measurements, Urban Climate, 14(4):622–635. [IF 2015: N/A]

[J9] Soe W. Myint, Baojuan Zheng, Emily Talen, Chao Fan, Shai Kaplan, Ariane Middel, Martin Smith, Huei-Ping Huang, Anthony J. Brazel. (2015). Does the Spatial Arrangement of Urban Landscape Matter? Examples of Urban Warming and Cooling in Phoenix and Las Vegas, Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 1(4), art15. [IF 2015: N/A]

[J8] Kathrin Häb, Ariane Middel, Benjamin L. Ruddell, Hans Hagen. (2015). TraVis – A Visualization Framework for Mobile Transect Data Sets in an Urban Microclimate Context, Proceedings of the Pacific Visualization Symposium (PacificVis), 2015 IEEE, Hangzhou, China, April 14-17, 2015. [Acceptance Rate: 30.4%]

[J7]* Ariane Middel, Nalini Chhetri, Ray Quay. (2015). Urban Forestry and Cool Roofs: Assessment of Heat Mitigation Strategies in Phoenix Residential Neighborhoods, Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 14(1):178–186. [IF 2014: 2.109]

[J6] Kathrin Häb, Nils H. Feige, Lars S. Hüttenberger, Ariane Middel, Hans Hagen. (2014). Visualizing the Temporal Development of Thermo-Radiative Features on Ground-Based Thermographs, Environmental Earth Sciences, 72(10):3781–3793. [IF 2016: 1.765]

[J5]* Ariane Middel, Kathrin Häb, Anthony J. Brazel, Chris Martin, Subhrajit Guhathakurta. (2014). Impact of Urban Form and Design on Mid-Afternoon Microclimate in Phoenix Local Climate Zones, Landscape and Urban Planning, 122:16–28. [IF 2016: 4.563]

[J4]* Ariane Middel, Anthony J. Brazel, Patricia Gober, Soe W. Myint, Heejun Chang, Jiunn-Der Duh. (2012) Land Cover, Climate, and the Summer Surface Energy Balance in Phoenix, AZ and Portland, OR, International Journal of Climatology, 32(13):2020–2032. [IF 2015: 3.609]

[J3] Patricia Gober, Ariane Middel, Anthony J. Brazel, Soe W. Myint, Heejun Chang, Jiunn-Der Duh, Lily House-Peters. (2012).  Tradeoffs Between Water Conservation and Temperature Amelioration in Phoenix and Portland: Implications for Urban Sustainability, Urban Geography, 33(7):1030–1054. [IF 2015: 1.322]

[J2]* Ariane Middel, Anthony J. Brazel, Shai Kaplan, Soe W. Myint. (2012). Daytime Cooling Efficiency and Diurnal Energy Balance in Phoenix, AZ, Climate Research, 54(1):21–34. [IF 2015: 2.496]

[J1]* Ariane Middel, Anthony J. Brazel, Björn Hagen, Soe W. Myint. (2011). Land Cover Modification Scenarios and their Effects on Daytime Heating in the Inner Core Residential Neighborhoods of Phoenix, AZ, USA, Journal of Urban Technology, 18(4):61–79. [IF 2015: 1.234]

Research Activity: 

Grants and Awards

07/2020 – 06/2021     City of Phoenix: Cool Pavement Pilot Program
PI (20%), City of Phoenix, with Jennifer Vanos (Co-PI), Kamil Kaloush, David Sailor, David Hondula, Bill Campbell, Jose Medina, Florian Schneider, $99,998.

07/2020 – 06/2021     Developing Urban Cooling Strategies for a Hot Metropolis (ASU internal grant)
Co-PI (30%), ZIMIN Foundation, with David Sailor (PI), Richard King (Co-PI), $85,999.

07/2020 – 06/2025     CAREER: Human Thermal Exposure in Cities - Novel Sensing and Modeling to Build Heat-Resilience
PI (100%), National Science Foundation, $524,999.

07/2020 – 06/2021     Impact of Sustainable Design on Microclimate and Building Energy Use (ASU internal grant)
PI (100%), Herberger Research Council and APS Endowment for Sustainable Design Research, $28,210.

06/2020 – 05/2021     Healthy Urban Environments Initiative (HUE): Zoo Parking Heat and Water Sustainability Project (ASU internal grant)
Co-PI (33%), HUE, with Ray Quay (PI) and Nancy Grimm (Co-PI), $50,000.

05/2020 – 04/2021     JST: SCC-PG: Understanding Heat Resiliency via Physiological, Mental, and Behavioral Health Factors for Indoor and Outdoor Urban Environments
Co-PI (50%), National Science Foundation, with Suren Jayasuriya (PI), Jamie Mullins (Co-PI, University of Massachusetts, Amherst), Tauhidur Rahman (Co-PI, University of Massachusetts, Amherst), $70,000.

04/2020 – 03/2021     Healthy Urban Environments Initiative (HUE): Heat Maps for Decision-Making in Tempe (ASU internal grant)
Senior Personnel (20%), with Paul Coseo (PI), David Hondula, Jennifer Vanos, Katja Brundiers, Braden Kay, $25,000.

10/2019 – 10/2020     AWS: Cloud Credits for ASU Campus Mapping
PI (100%), Amazon Web Services, $30,000.

10/2019 – 09/2021     CNH2-L: Toward a Theory of Urban Trees as Living Infrastructure
Co-PI (30%), National Science Foundation, with George D. Jenerette (UC Riverside PI), Meghan Avolio, Theodore Eisenman, Stephanie S. Pincetl, Mikhail Chester, David Hondula, $420,000 (ASU component $60,000)

09/2019 – 08/2020     Arterial Walls and Thermal Comfort in the City of Tempe
PI (50%), USDN, with Paul Coseo (Co-PI), $12,418

07/2019 – 01/2020     Health Impact Project, Tempe
Co-PI (25%), City of Tempe and PEW Charitable Trust, with Paul Coseo (PI), David Hondula (Co-PI), Jennifer Vanos (Co-PI), $49,986.

07/2019 – 06/2020     Healthy Urban Environments Initiative (HUE): The Right Shade in the Right Place (ASU internal grant)
PI (100%), Healthy Urban Environments Initiative, $49,995.

05/2019 – 08/2019     Urban Climate Research Center Seed Funding to support MaRTy observational field work (ASU internal grant)
PI (100%), Urban Climate Research Center, $3,221.

05/2019 – 01/2020     CAP IV Faculty Summer Salary: OpenMRT—Human-scale Modeling of Thermal Urban Environments using Big Data (ASU internal grant)
PI (100%), National Science Foundation, $4,833.

12/2018 – 11/2022      Long-Term Ecological Research Program (LTER) CAP IV - Investigating Urban Ecology and Sustainability through the Lens of Urban Ecological Infrastructure
Senior Personnel (2%), National Science Foundation, with Daniel Childers (PI), Billie L. Turner II, Abigail York, Nancy Grimm, Sharon Hall, Paige Warren, $4,507,998.00.

11/2017 – 03/2018     American Forests: Thermal Comfort Assessment
Co-PI (50%), City of Tempe, with David Hondula (PI), $4,003.00

09/2017 – 12/2018     SCC – Planning Proposal: Too Hot, Too Cold, or Just Right?
Co-PI (30%), National Science Foundation, with Paul Coseo (PI), David Hondula (Co-PI), $100,000.

07/2017 – 06/2018     Cool Roofscapes @ the Solar Lab: Thermal Performance of Cool Roof Strategies in Hot Arid Climates (ASU internal grant)
Co-PI (30%), Herberger Research Council and APS Endowment for Sustainable Design Research, with Paul Coseo (PI) and Jennifer Vanos (Co-PI), $10,796.00.

12/2016 – 11/2018      Long-Term Ecological Research Program (LTER) CAP IV: Design with Nature
Senior Personnel (2%), National Science Foundation, with Daniel Childers (PI), Billie L. Turner II, Abigail York, Nancy Grimm, Sharon Hall, Paige Warren, $2,253,984.00.

08/2016 – 07/2020     CMMI: A Simulation Platform to Enhance Infrastructure and Community Resilience to Extreme Heat Events
Co-PI (20%), National Science Foundation, with Mikhail Chester (PI), David Hondula, and David Eisenman, $450,000.

08/2016 – 07/2017     Optimal Deployment of Trees to Mitigate Pedestrian Heat Exposure: Novel Measurements and High-Resolution Modeling
Co-PI (25%), Roskind Small Grants, with Matei Georgescu (ASU PI), Evyatar Erell (BGU PI), Scott Krayenhoff, $10,000.

07/2016 – 08/2016     Impact of Interior Temperatures of Shaded and Unshaded Vehicles on Children’s Health – A Case Study in Phoenix, AZ
PI (100%), CAP LTER, REU proposal for summer 2016, with Jennifer Vanos, $4,000.

04/2016 – 04/2020     SRN: The Urban Water Innovation Network (U-WIN): Transitioning Toward Sustainable Urban Water Systems
Senior Personnel, National Science Foundation, with Mazdak Arabi (PI), Matei Georgescu (Co-PI), $12,000,000 (ASU component $1,191,572)

05/2015 – 06/2016     City of Tempe - Tree and Shade
Co-PI (33%), City of Tempe, with Gerald O’neill (PI), Anne Reichman, Bonnie Richardson, $28,310.

01/2015 – 12/2020     Microclimate Data Collection, Analysis, and Visualization
PI (100%), Computer Graphics and HCI Group, University of Kaiserslautern, $158,101.

05/2014 – 08/2016     Arizona Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE)
Senior Personnel, Subcontract to Arizona State University for development of Arizona Climate and Health Profile under auspices of Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE) program, agreement #ADHS15-077418, with Nalini Chhetri (PI), Matthew Roach (Co-PI), David M. Hondula (Co-PI) and Nancy J. Selover (Co-PI), $125,000.

08/2014 – 07/2015     Informing Emergency and Risk Management Climate Knowledge in Arid Regions
Co-PI (20%), NOAA-OAR-CPO-2013-2003445, with Nalini Chhetri (PI), Kenneth J. Galluppi (Co-PI) and Nancy J. Selover (Co-PI), $98,443.

05/2014 – 06/2016     Microclimate Impacts of Photovoltaic Canopy Structures
Co-PI (33%), Arizona State University Lightworks and Strategic Solar Energy, LLC, with Nalini Chhetri (PI) and Nancy J. Selover (Co-PI), $15,000.

08/2012 – 07/2017     Understanding Impacts of Desert Urbanization on Climate and Surrounding Environments to Foster Sustainable Cities Using Remote Sensing and Numerical Modeling
Co-PI (20%), NASA ROSES-NNH11ZDA001N, with Soe W. Myint (PI), Ronald Rindfuss (Co-PI), Huei-Ping Huang (Co-PI), Karen Seto (Co-PI), Anthony Brazel (Co-PI) and Dan Blumberg (Co-PI), $928,987.

07/2011 – 06/2012     Impact of Microclimate on Residential Energy Consumption and Water Use
Co-PI (50%), Decision Center for a Desert City, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability, with Subhrajit Guhathakurta (PI), $49,303.

10/2010 – 12/2014     Urban Form and Energy Use Explored Through Dynamic Networked Infrastructure Model
Co-PI (33%), National Science Foundation, with Subhrajit Guhathakurta (PI) and Eric Williams (Co-PI), $350,213.

Spring 2022
Course NumberCourse Title
CSE 205Object-Oriented Program & Data
AME 493Honors Thesis
AME 499Individualized Instruction
AME 595Continuing Registration
CSE 599Thesis
SOS 799Dissertation
Fall 2021
Course NumberCourse Title
CSE 205Object-Oriented Program & Data
AME 492Honors Directed Study
AME 493Honors Thesis
AME 593Applied Project
SOS 792Research
SOS 799Dissertation
Spring 2021
Course NumberCourse Title
AME 485Digital Culture Capstone I
AME 486Digital Culture Capstone II
AME 492Honors Directed Study
AME 493Honors Thesis
SOS 499Individualized Instruction
AME 499Individualized Instruction
CSE 599Thesis
SOS 792Research
SOS 799Dissertation
Fall 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
AME 492Honors Directed Study
AME 493Honors Thesis
SOS 494Special Topics
GPH 494Special Topics
AME 494Special Topics
GPH 598Special Topics
SOS 598Special Topics
SOS 792Research
Spring 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
AME 494Special Topics
CSE 591Seminar
AME 598Special Topics
SOS 792Research
Fall 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
SOS 792Research
EPD 799Dissertation
Spring 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
AME 494Special Topics
AME 598Special Topics
Honors / Awards: 

Solar reflective pavements—A policy panacea to heat mitigation, Climate Specialty Group John Russell Mather Paper of the Year Presentation, AAG Annual Meeting 2021


2020 – present  Guest editor, Frontiers Special Topic Collection “Urban Climate informatics” (with Benjamin Bechtel, Matthias Demuzere, Negin Nazarian)

Professional Associations: 

2016 – present Member of EGU (European Geosciences Union) 2015 – present Member of ISB (International Society of Biometeorology) 2015 – present Member of AGU (American Geophysical Union) 2013 – present Member of AMS (American Meteorological Society) 2011 – present Member of IAUC (International Association for Urban Climate) 2011 – present Member of AAG (Association of American Geographers) 2011 – present Member of IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 2011 – present Member of APA (American Planning Association) 2001 – present Member of DVW (German Surveying Association)

Graduate Faculties / Mentoring History: 

School of Sustainability
School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning
School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment
Computer Engineering


[M73] Les Echos (February 2021): Climat: À Phoenix, le rude combat pour faire baisser la température

[M72] Arizona State Press (November 2020): ASU team joins Phoenix in fighting extreme heat through cooler pavement

[M71] Ahwatukee Foothills News (October 2020): Extreme heat could be with us for years

[M70] Tuscon Sentinel (October 2020): Arizona will have more 'extreme heat' days, researchers say

[M69] AZFamily (September 2020): Researchers detect 160-degree radiant temperature at Phoenix homeless encampment

[M68] ASU Now, AZ Big Media (August 2020): Devilishly Hot | The hottest — and coolest — spots on ASU campus

[M67] ASU Now, ASU Full Circle (August 2020): ASU and Zimin Foundation Partner for Future of Urban Tech (Developing Urban Cooling Strategies for a Hot Metropolis)

[M66] Cronkite News (July 2020): Efforts to cool Phoenix include pale pavement coating to reflect sunlight

[M65] KJZZ (July 2020): How Reflective Paint Can Combat The Urban Heat Island Effect

[M64] 12 News (July 2020): Phoenix using ‘cool pavement’ to try and lower temperatures

[M63] ASU Now (June 2020): Keeping kids cool on the playground

[M62] Fox 10 News (May 2020): Mobile weather station can measure how a person experiences heat

[M61] AZ Family/CBS (May 2020): Heat myth busters: What can/can't explode or melt in your car during extreme heat

[M60] Arizona Republic (May 2020): 'Cool pavement' experiments help urban planners find ways to ease rising temperatures

[M59] ASU Now (May 2020): Street smarts required in heat mitigation

[M58] UCLA (May 2020): On-the-ground guidance for L.A.’s far-reaching climate strategy

[M57] ASU Now (April 2020): Tracking a Silent Killer

[M56] ASU Now (March 2020): ASU receives 15 NSF CAREER awards

[M55] CAP LTER Network (March 2020): Thinking about long-term futures to make better decisions today

[M54] UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs (October 2019): Street Art Meets Climate Science in the Big, Blue Face of Zeus

[M53] CBS/3TV (October 2019): ASU researcher finds white 'cool pavements' actually make YOU hotter

[M52] CityLab (October 2019): The Problem With ‘Cool Pavements’: They Make People Hot

[M51] Le Matin Dimanche (September 2019): Assommée par la chaleur, la ville de Phoenix vit la nuit

[M50] Euro1 (September 2019): Il est 22 heures et il fait 31 degrés: à Phoenix, le réchauffement climatique force les habitants à vivre la nuit

[M49] NPR Here & Now (September 2019): Phoenix Residents Will Need To Adapt To An Even Hotter Climate

[M48] Fox 10 News (September 2019): ASU professor studies how different types of shade can help keep us cool in the heat

[M47] University of Guelph News (September 2019): Keeping Pedestrians Cool Focus of First-Ever U of G Research

[M46] KTAR (September 2019): ASU researchers say shade is not all created equal

[M45] Cronkite News (August 2019): 50 grades of shade: Researchers find that it’s not all created equal

[M44] AZ Family (August 2019): 'Shadow hunter': ASU climatologist helps others find shade from Arizona sun

[M43] New York Times (August 2019):  As Phoenix Heats Up, the Night Comes Alive

[M42] ASU Now (August 2019): Tips to rave the dog days of summer

[M41] ASU Cronkite News (July 2019): 50 Grades of Shade

[M40] ASU Now (July 2019): Keeping Olympic marathon spectators cool

[M39] ASU Now (June 2019): The hottest and coolest spots on campus

[M38] ASU Now (May 2019): Summer in the City

[M37] ABC15 (May 2019): ASU creates new technology to research how heat impacts our bodies

[M36] Places (April 2019): Shade (by Sam Bloch)

[M53] Catalyst PBS (April 2019): Car interior temperature

[M34] ASU Now (October 2018): ASU researchers develop tool to help determine a neighborhood's walkability

[M33] Youtube (September 2018): HeatMappers Walk and Ride

[M32] KJZZ (September 2018): Sweating For Science: Walkers Help Find Solutions To Urban Heat

[M31] KJZZ (September 2018): Researchers Looking For More Localized Data On Urban Heat Island

[M30] AZ Family (July 18, 2018): City of Tempe testing ways to mitigate extreme heat

[M29] ASU Now (July 2018): ASU researchers helping Tempe deal with extreme-heat events

[M28] ASU Now (May 2018): New research from ASU and UC San Diego measured air and surface temperatures of cars parked in sun and shade

[M27] UC San Diego Health (May 2018): Hot Cars Can Hit Life-Threatening Levels in Approximately One Hour

[M26] NBC News (May 2018): Hot cars and kids: Study shows killer temps hit in an hour

[M25] KJZZ (January 2018): Studying Extreme Weather's Impact On Cities, From Hot To Cold

[M24] University of Buffalo News (December 2017): Climate change and the tale of two cities

[M23] AZ Central (October 2017): This park in hot south Phoenix neighborhood is getting more trees

[M22] AZ Central (October 2017): How we measured heat in different parts of Maricopa County

[M21] AZ Central (October 2017): Here's how heat discriminates, and what Phoenix is doing to help those at risk

[M20] EHP Science Selection (September 2017): From Ambient to Personal Temperature: Capturing the Experience of Heat Exposure

[M19] Alliance for Community Trees News (July 2017): Mobile Weather Station Maps Most Comfortable Route

[M18] ASU Cronkite News (July 2017): Mobile weather cart collecting Tempe temperature data

[M17] The Real News (July 2017): Is Extreme Heat the New Normal?

[M16] ABC 15 (June 2017): Shade or proximity: What's more important to you when parking?

[M15] KTAR (June 2017): ASU researcher hopes shade-tracking tool will help pedestrians

[M14] AZ Central (June 2017): Arizona's heat is getting worse — and it's killing people

[M13] Fox 10 News (June 2017): ASU professor creating app to show routes on campus with the most shade

[M12] CBS 5/3TV (June 2017): Shade research could help cool down pedestrians' routes

[M11] ASU News (June 2017): Shadow hunting: ASU urban climatologist helps us keep our cool

[M10] ASU News (September 2016): Staying cool: The science of shade

[M9] University of Kaiserslautern Unispectrum (September 2016): Vom Klassenzimmer in der Pfalz in die Weiten Arizonas

[M8] San Angelo Standard-Times (Texas) (July 2016): Cooling off playgrounds - A little shade will go a long way to protect children

[M7] UGEC Viewpoints (March 2016): Transforming desert playgrounds into urban oases

[M6] Science Daily (November 2015): Dangerously hot playground temperatures explored by researcher

[M5] Texas Tech Today (November 2015, July 2016): Dangerously Hot Playground Temperatures Explored by Researcher

[M4] ASU News (September 2015): Made in the shade: ASU team crunches data on how best to cool urban areas

[M3] ASU News (March 2014): Changing climate in your own backyard

[M2] ASU News (February 2014): ASU report contributes to water reuse policy dialogue

[M1] ASU News (December 2009): ASU hosts second Chinese science delegation