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Charles Perrings


Charles Perrings is co-director of School of Life Sciences Ecoservices Group—a group researching the interactions between society and the biophysical environment.

He has three main research interests. First, he studies the anthropogenic causes of biodiversity change, and the consequences it has for health, food supply and other ecosystem services. Second, he researches the effects of globalization on the dispersal of pests and diseases. Third, he investigates the role of science in international environmental policy.

Professor Perrings has served with DIVERSITAS, and the U.S. Presidents Council of Advisors on Science and Technology working group on biodiversity and ecosystem services; and he represented theInternational Council of Science in international efforts to establish the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. He has published 13 books and around 200 scientific papers.

  • Henry Chapman Fellow, University of London 1982
  • Ph.D. Economic History, University of London 1976
  • B.A. University of London 1973
Research Interests: 

His research interests span the dynamics of ecological-economic systems, the management of environmental public goods under uncertainty, and the environmental implications of economic development.  He focuses on the implications of biodiversity change, and especially on the consequences of changes in the abundance of pests and pathogens. Major research projects include Risks of Animal and Plant Infectious Diseases Through Trade (RAPID Trade) funded by the joint NSF-NIH-USDA Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases program, and by UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (2014-2018), and Modeling Anthropogenic Effects in the Spread of Infectious Diseases (MASpread), funded by the National Institutes of Health— National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) (2011-2016).

Research Group: 

The ECOSERVICES Group at ASU studies the causes and consequences of change in ecosystem services – the benefits that people derive from the biophysical environment. We analyse biodiversity change in terms of its impacts on the things that people care about. Following the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) these are characterised as provisioning services (foods, fuels, fibers, genetic materials, chemical compounds and the like), cultural services (aesthetic, spiritual, moral, recreational, educational, scientific uses) and regulating services (the role of ecosystems in regulating flows of provisioning and cultural services including, for example, water quality regulation, soil erosion reduction, storm damage protection and so on).
The group offers research training in biodiversity and ecosystem services both within ASU and more generally. Within ASU it supports the 4E program, Ecology, Economics, and Ethics of the Environment, a track within the Biology and Society Concentration of the MS and PhD degrees in Biology.
The Group lies within the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Our research activities are supported by the Global Institute of Sustainability, and our teaching activities contribute to programs in the School of Life Sciences, the School of Sustainability, the Carey School of Business, Department of Economics, and the School of Human Evolution and Social Change.
Faculty in the ecoSERVICES GROUP are members of the Human Dimensions Faculty of the School of Life Sciences and the School of Sustainability.



  • Perrings, C. (2014) Our Uncommon Heritage: Biodiversity Change, Ecosystem Services and Human Wellbeing, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
  • Simonit, S. & Perrings, C. (2013) Bundling ecosystem services in the Panama Canal watershed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 9326–9331.
  • Cardinale, B.J., Duffy, J.E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D.U.,Perrings, C.,Venail, P., Narwani, A., Mace, G.M., Tilman, D., Wardle, D.A., Kinzig, A.P., Daily, G.C., Loreau, M., Grace, J.B., Larigauderie, A., Srivastava, D.S. &Naeem, S. (2012) Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature486: 59­67.
  • Perrings, C.,Duraiappah, A., Larigauderie, A. & Mooney, H. (2011) The Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Science­Policy Interface,Science, 331, 1139­1140.
  • Perrings, C.,Naeem, S., Ahrestani, F., Bunker, D. E., Burkill, P., Canziani, G., Elmqvist, T., Ferrati, R., Fuhrman, J., Jaksic, F., Kawabata, Z., Kinzig, A., Mace,G. M., Milano, F., Mooney, H., Prieur­Richard, A.­H., Tschirhart, J. &Weisser, W. (2010) Ecosystem Services for 2020. Science, 330, 323­324.


Papers 2012-

  • Huang, B. & Perrings, C. (2017) Managing the Risks of Sea Lice Transmission Between Salmon Aquaculture and Wild Pink Salmon Fishery. Ecological Economics, 142, 228-237.
  • Wu, T. & Perrings, C. (2017) Conservation, development and the management of infectious disease: avian influenza in China, 2004–2012. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 372, 20160126.
  • Wu, T., Perrings, C., Kinzig, A., Collins, J. P., Minteer, B. A., & Daszak, P. (2017). Economic growth, urbanization, globalization, and the risks of emerging infectious diseases in China: A review. Ambio, 46(1), 18-29.
  • Yoo, J. & Perrings, C. (2017) Modeling the short-run costs of changes in water availability in a desert city: a modified input-output approach. International Review of Applied Economics, 31, 549-564.
  • Yoo, J. & Perrings, C. (2016) An externality of groundwater depletion: land subsidence and residential property prices in Phoenix, Arizona. Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy, 1-13.
  • Perrings, C. (2016) The economics of the marine environment: A Review. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 18, 277-301.
  • Perrings, C. (2016) Options for managing the infectious animal and plant disease risks of international trade. Food Security, 8, 27-35.
  • Bichara, D., Kang, Y., Castillo-Chavez, C., Horan, R. & Perrings, C. (2015) SIS and SIR epidemic models under virtual dispersal. Bulletin of mathematical biology, 77, 2004-2034.
  • Shanafelt, D.W., Dieckmann, U., Jonas, M., Franklin, O., Loreau, M. & Perrings, C. (2015) Biodiversity, productivity, and the spatial insurance hypothesis revisited. Journal of theoretical biology, 380, 426-435.
  • Baggio, M. & Perrings, C. (2015) Modeling adaptation in multi-state resource systems. Ecological Economics, 116, 378-386.
  • Morin, B.R., Perrings, C., Kinzig, A. & Levin, S. (2015) The Social Benefit of Private Infectious Disease-Risk Mitigation. Theoretical Ecology, 8, 467–479.
  • Castillo-Chavez, C., Curtiss, R., Daszak, P., Levin, S.A., Patterson-Lomba, O., Perrings, C., Poste, G. & Towers, S. (2015) Beyond Ebola: lessons to mitigate future pandemics. The Lancet Global Health, 3, e354-e355.
  • Simonit, S., Connors, J.P., Yoo, J., Kinzig, A. & Perrings, C. (2015) The Impact of Forest Thinning on the Reliability of Water Supply in Central Arizona. PLoS One, 10.4: e0121596.
  • Naeem, S., Ingram, J.C., Varga, A., Agardy, T., Barten, P., Bennett, G., Bloomgarden, E., Bremer, L.L., Burkill, P., Cattau, M., Ching, C., Colby, M., Cook, D.C., Costanza, R., DeClerck, F., Freund, C., Gartner, T., Goldman-Benner, R., Gunderson, J., Jarrett, D., Kinzig, A.P., Kiss, A., Koontz, A., Kumar, P., Lasky, J.R., Masozera, M., Meyers, D., Milano, F., Naughton-Treves, L., Nichols, E., Olander, L., Olmsted, P., Perge, E., Perrings, C., Polasky, S., Potent, J., Prager, C., Quétier, F., Redford, K., Saterson, K., Thoumi, G., Vargas, M.T., Vickerman, S., Weisser, W., Wilkie, D. & Wunder, S. (2015) Get the science right when paying for nature's services. Science, 347, 1206-1207.
  • Perrings, C. (2014) Environment and development economics 20 years on. Environment and Development Economics, 19, 333-366.
  • Perrings, C., Castillo-Chavez, C., Chowell, G., Daszak, P., Fenichel, E., Finnoff, D., Horan, R., Kilpatrick, A.M., Kinzig, A., Kuminoff, N., Levin, S., Morin, B., Smith, K. & Springborn, M. (2014) Merging Economics and Epidemiology to Improve the Prediction and Management of Infectious Disease. EcoHealth, 1-12.
  • Morin, B.R., Perrings, C., Levin, S. & Kinzig, A. (2014) Disease risk mitigation: The equivalence of two selective mixing strategies on aggregate contact patterns and resulting epidemic spread. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 363, 262-270.
  • Yoo, J., Simonit, S., Connors, J.P., Kinzig, A.P. & Perrings, C. (2014) Estimating the approximated price elasticity of residential water demand in Phoenix. Applied Economics Perspectives and Policy, 91, 57-68.
  • Yoo, J., Simonit, S., Connors, J.P., Kinzig, A.P. & Perrings, C. (2014) The valuation of off-site ecosystem service flows: Deforestation, erosion and the amenity value of lakes in Prescott, Arizona. Ecological Economics, 97, 74-83.
  • Perrings, C., Kinzig, A. & Halkos, G. (2014) Sustainable development in an N-rich/N-poor world. Ambio, 43, 891-905.
  • Simonit, S. & Perrings, C. (2013) Reply to Ogden and Stallard: Phenomenological runoff models in the Panama Canal watershed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, E5038.
  • Simonit, S. & Perrings, C. (2013) Bundling ecosystem services in the Panama Canal watershed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 9326–9331.
  • Teelucksingh, S., Nunes P.A.L.D., & Perrings, C. (2013). Biodiversity­ based development in Small Island Developing States. Environment and Development Economics, 18, 381­391
  • Yoo, J., S. Simonit, J. P. Connors, P. J. Maliszewski, A. P. Kinzig, and C. Perrings. (2013) The value of agricultural water rights in agricultural properties in the path of development. Ecological Economics 91:57-68.
  • Maliszewski, P.J., Larson, E.K. & Perrings, C. (2013) Environmental determinants of unscheduled residential outages in the electrical distribution of Phoenix, Arizona. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 99, 161-171.
  • Larson, E.K. & Perrings, C. (2013) The value of water-related amenities in an arid city: The case of the Phoenix metropolitan area. Landscape and Urban Planning, 109: 45-55.
  • Maliszewski, P., Larson, E. & Perrings, C. (2013) Valuing the Reliability of the Electrical Power Infrastructure: A Two-stage Hedonic Approach. Urban Studies, 50: 72-87.
  • Mace, G.M., Perrings, C., Le Prestre, P., Cramer, W., Diaz, S., Larigauderie, A., Scholes, R.J. & Mooney, H.A. (2013) Science to Policy Linkages for the Post-2010 Biodiversity Targets. Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation: Bridging the Gap between Global Commitment and Local Action (ed. by B. Collen, N. Pettorelli, J.E.M. Baillie and S.M. Durant), pp. 291-310. John Wiley, Hoboken N.J.
  • Dasgupta, P., Kinzig, A.P. & Perrings, C. (2013) The Value of Biodiversity. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition) (ed. by S.A. Levin), pp. 167-179. Academic Press, Waltham.
  • Arriagada, R. & Perrings, C. (2013) Paying for international environmental pyblic goods. Values, Payments and Institutions for Ecosystem Management (ed. by P. Kumar, I. Thiaw and T. Barker), pp. 172-191. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
  • Arriagada, R. & Perrings, C. (2013) Making payments for ecosystem services work. Values, Payments and Institutions for Ecosystem Management (ed. by P. Kumar, I. Thiaw and T. Barker), pp. 16-57. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
  • Cardinale, B.J., Duffy, J.E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D.U., Perrings, C., Venail, P., Narwani, A., Mace, G.M., Tilman, D., Wardle, D.A., Kinzig, A.P., Daily, G.C., Loreau, M., Grace, J.B., Larigauderie, A., Srivastava, D.S. & Naeem, S. (2012) Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature 486: 59-67.
  • Kinzig, A.P., Perrings, C., Chapin, F.S., Polasky, S., Smith, V.K., Tilman, D. & Turner, B.L. (2012) Response—Ecosystem Services: Free Lunch No More. Science 335: 656-657.
  • Mori, K. & Perrings, C. (2012) Optimal Management of the Flood Risks of Floodplain Development. Science of the Total Environment 431: 109-121.
  • Perrings, C. & Halkos, G. (2012) Who Cares about Biodiversity? Optimal Conservation and Transboundary Biodiversity Externalities. Environmental and Resource Economics 52: 585–608.
  • Iverson, T. and Perrings, C. (2012) Precaution and proportionality in the management of global environmental change.  Global Environmental Change 22: 161–177.
  • Maliszewski, P. J., & Perrings, C., (2012) Factors in the resilience of electrical power distribution infrastructures, Applied Geography 32 (2): 668-679.
  • Maliszewski, P. J., Larson, E. K. and Perrings, C. (2012). Environmental determinants of unscheduled residential outages in the electrical distribution of Phoenix, Arizona. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 99: 161-171.
  • Larigauderie, A., Prieur-Richard, A.-H., Mace, G.M., Lonsdale, M., Mooney, H.A., Brussaard, L., Cooper, D., Cramer, W., Daszak, P., Diaz, S., Duraiappah, A., Elmqvist, T., Faith, D.P., Jackson, L.E., Krug, C., Leadley, P.W., Le Prestre, P., Matsuda, H., Palmer, M., Perrings, C., Pulleman, M., Reyers, B., Rosa, E.A., Scholes, R.J., Spehn, E., Turner, B.L. & Yahara, T. (2012) Biodiversity and ecosystem services science for a sustainable planet: The DIVERSITAS vision for 2012-20. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 4, 101-105.
Research Activity: 
Summer 2022
Course NumberCourse Title
AML 790Reading and Conference
Spring 2022
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 591Seminar
AML 792Research
AML 799Dissertation
Fall 2021
Course NumberCourse Title
AML 799Dissertation
Summer 2021
Course NumberCourse Title
AML 790Reading and Conference
Spring 2021
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 591Seminar
AML 792Research
AML 799Dissertation
Fall 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 591Seminar
AML 799Dissertation
Summer 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
AML 790Reading and Conference
Spring 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 591Seminar
AML 792Research
AML 799Dissertation
Fall 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
SOS 434People-Nature:EcosystemService
BIO 434People-Nature:EcosystemService
SOS 591Seminar
BIO 591Seminar
AML 799Dissertation
Spring 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 591Seminar
AML 799Dissertation
Spring 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 591Seminar
Fall 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 434People-Nature:EcosystemService
SOS 434People-Nature:EcosystemService
BIO 493Honors Thesis
BIO 591Seminar
Honors / Awards: 

2008   Kenneth Boulding Memorial Award (International Society for Ecological Economics)


1995-2005        Editor, Environment and Development Economics, (Cambridge University Press).
2006-present    Editorial Board, Environment and Development Economics (Cambridge University Press)
2000-present    Editorial Board, International Journal of Water (Inderscience).
1997-2012        Editorial Board, Yearbook of Environmental and Resource Economics (Kluwer Academic Publishers)
1990-present    Editorial Board, Environmental and Resource Economics (Kluwer).
1989-present    Editorial Board, Ecological Economics (Elsevier).


Professional Associations: 

2002-2007    President Elect (2002-3), President (2004-5), Past President (2006-2007), International Society for Ecological Economics
1997-1999    Council, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economics


Graduate Faculties / Mentoring History: 

Recent doctoral students 2013-2018
Camhi, A., Padilla, D., Wu, T., Mamada, R. (Graduated 2017), Shanafelt, D. (Graduated 2016), Huang, B., (Graduated 2015) (37 total)

Recent masters students

Rogers, N., Hughes, T. (Graduated 2016) (35 total)

Recent Postdocs 2013-2018
Morin, B., Yoo, J., Simonit, S., Arriagada, R.  (7 total)

Work History: 

2005-present Professor of Environmental Economics, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA (Tenured in the School of Life Sciences, Directs ecoSERVICES Group, a unit of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences)
1993-2005    Professor of Environmental Economics and Environmental Management, Environment Department, University of York, York, Britain (Founding Head of Department).
1991-1992    Professor of Economics, University of California, Riverside, USA.
1987-1989    Professor of Economics, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana (Head of Department and Ag Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences).
1979-1990    Lecturer/Senior Lecturer/Associate Professor of Economics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand (LOA 1987-1989).
1976-1978    Lecturer in Economics, National University of Lesotho, Roma, Lesotho



Extramural service

2010-2012    ICSU Representative to the IPBES process
2010-2011    Working Group of the Presidents Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) on Biodiversity Preservation and Ecosystems.
2010-2011    National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board, USDA
2011             McGill School of Environment (MSE) Review 
2008-2010    IPBES: International Consultative Group     
2006-2008    IMOSEB: Executive Committee, Process to establish an International Mechanism of Biodiversity Science
2005-2011     DIVERSITAS: Co-Chair, ecoSERVICES Core Project
2001- 2007    DIVERSITAS: Vice Chair, Scientific Committee
2004 -2005    IGBP: UK National Committee
2003-2005     UK Biodiversity Research Advisory Group: Chair, Socio-Economic Sub-group
2000-2004     Resilience Alliance: Scientific Board
1998-2000     World Heritage Action Trust: Commission on Genetic Diversity
1994-1998     Royal Society, London: Environment Committee.
1996-2001     Centre for Ecology and Hydrology: Review Board.
1996-1996     IUCN, Biodiversity Programme Review: Review Committee.
1995              Australian National University Quinquennial Review: CRES
1991-1995     Beijer Institute, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden: Director, Biodiversity Programme

Research Advisory Committees
2013-present  GDI Advisory Group, Earthmind
2013-present  International Advisory Council, Centre for Economics, Environment and Society (CEES), Bangalore
2013-present  Scientific Advisory Board of the French infrastructure AnaEE-Services, French National Research Agency
2012-present  Scientific Advisory Board of EU FP7 EcoFINDERS
2002-present  Advisory Board, BIOERA 
2001-2005     Environmental Advisory Board, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena 
1994-2004     Advisory Board, EENESA, RANESA, NRCESA

2016-2017      Chair, SoLS Septennial Review Self Assessment Committee
2015-present  Member, SoLS Adjunct Faculty Committee
2010-present  Director, 4E Track of Bio and Society Concentration, Biology PhD
2008-2009      Chair, Strategic Planning Committee
2006-present  Co-Director, Ecoservices Group
2006-present  Member, University Scholarships Committee