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Peter Buseck

Regents' Professor
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 1604
Regents' Professor
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 1404
Biography

Peter Buseck and his research group are known for their research in solid state geochemistry and mineralogy, geochemistry and cosmochemistry, and atmospheric geochemistry. They pioneered in the use of transmission electron microscopy to study minerals, meteorites, and aerosol particles at close to the atomic scale. At Arizona State University he won the Graduate College Outstanding Graduate Mentor award, and he was named a Graduate College Distinguished Research Fellow. Buseck has had visiting appointments at Oxford and Stanford Universities, the University of Paris (VI, VII), and Harvard University. He was Assistant to the Director of the U.S. National Science Foundation in 1994-5. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Geological Society of America, the Meteoritical Society, and the Mineralogical Society of America.

Buseck conducts research on: (1) crystal structures and defects in minerals at the atomic level using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy; (2) the geochemistry and mineralogy of various types of meteorites (carbonaceous chondrites, enstatite chondrites, pallasites, etc.); and (3) the nature of aerosol particles such as airborne minerals, soot, and other small grains, their chemical and physical reactions (e.g., deliquescence, efflorescence) in the atmosphere, and their effects on air quality and climate change.

 

Fax
480-965-8960
Education

A.B., Antioch College, 1957
Ph.D., Columbia University, 1962
Postdoctoral Fellow, Carnegie Institution for Science, 1961-1963


 

Research Interests

The activities of my research group include (1) the development and application of electron-beam instruments to the study of nanoparticles in the environment and their effects on atmospheric geochemistry and air quality, (2) the origin and character of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites, and (3) the study of crystal defects in minerals at the atomic level using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy.

1. Environmental/Analytical Geochemistry: Aerosol particles exert important but only partly understood effects on environmental quality, global climate change, cloud formation, and health. We are using electron microscopy and spectroscopy to analyze aerosol particles from around the globe in order to determine their chemical and physical properties. This research is typically done as part of international experiments involving ground-, ship-, aircraft-based, and remote-sensing satellite measurements in collaboration with scientists at government laboratories and other universities. We have sampled in South Africa, Namibia, the Middle East, Japan, Europe, and the tropics. (Support: NSF, DOE)

2. Cosmochemistry. Carbonaceous and certain enstatite chondrite meteorites are among the most primitive materials in the solar system and contain the keys to many long-standing problems in cosmochemistry. We are studying their mineralogy and geochemistry primarily with electron-beam techniques in order to understand the early history of the solar system. (Support: NASA)

3. Solid State Geochemistry/Mineralogy. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) is extremely powerful for studying the chemistry and structure of crystalline materials. We can observe small irregularities and crystal defects in minerals and relate these to their geological histories. Chemical reactions, “frozen” while still in progress, can be observed and thus mechanisms of reaction understood. Emphasis is being placed on problems of order-disorder, non-stoichiometry, modulated structures, and other deviations from ideality in crystals. Development of methods for making high-pressure measurements within an electron microscope has led to measurements of hydrogen solubility in iron at elevated P and T for the study of the origin of terrestrial water. (Support: NSF, NASA, W.M. Keck Foundation)

Publications
  • P. Németh, L.A.J. Garvie, and P.R. Buseck. Twinning of cubic diamond explains reported nanodiamond polymorphs. Sci. Rep. (2015).
  • T.A. Semeniuk, R. Bruintjes, V. Salazar, D. Breed, T. Jensen, and P.R. Buseck. Processing of aerosol particles within the Habshan pollution plume. J. Geophys. Res. (2015).
  • K. Adachi and P.R. Buseck. Changes in shape and composition of sea-salt particles upon aging in an urban atmosphere. Atmos. Environ. (2015).
  • P.R. Buseck and O. Beyssac. From organic matter to graphite: Graphitization. Elements (2014).
  • P. Németh, L.A.J. Garvie, T. Aoki, N. Dubrovinskaia, L. Dubrovinsky, and P.R. Buseck. Lonsdaleite is faulted and twinned cubic diamond and does not exist as a discrete material. Nature Commun. (2014).
  • J. Wu and P.R. Buseck. In-situ high-pressure transmission electron microscopy for earth and materials sciences. Am. Mineral. (2014). 
  • P.R. Buseck, K. Adachi, A. Gelencsér, É. Tompa, and M. Pósfai. Ns-soot: a material-based term for strongly light-absorbing carbonaceous particles. Aerosol Sci. & Tech. (2014).
  • T.A. Semeniuk, R.T. Bruintjes, V. Salazar, D.W. Breed, T.L. Jensen, and P.R. Buseck. Individual aerosol particles in ambient and updraft conditions below convective cloud bases in the Oman mountain region. J. Geophys. Res. (2014).
  • L.A.J. Garvie, P. Németh, and P.R. Buseck. Transformation of graphite to diamond via a topotactic mechanism. Am. Mineral. (2014).
  • J. Wu and P.R. Buseck. Carbon storage at defect sites in mantle mineral analogues. Nature Geosci. (2013).
  • K. Adachi and P.R. Buseck. Changes of ns-soot mixing states and shapes in an urban area during CalNex. J. Geophys. Res. (2013).
  • M. Vahidi, S.W. Lehner, P.R. Buseck, and N. Newman. Growth of epitaxial pyrite (FeS2) thin films using sequential evaporation. Acta Materialia (2013).
  • P. Németh, I. Dódony, M. Pósfai, and P.R. Buseck. Complex defect in pyrite and its structure model derived from geometric phase analysis. Microsc. Microanal. (2013).
  • S.W. Lehner, N. Newman, M. van Schilfgaarde, S. Bandyopadhyay, K. Savage, and P.R. Buseck. Defect energy levels and electronic behavior of Ni-, Co-, and As-doped synthetic pyrite (FeS2). J. Appl. Phys. (2012).
  • K. Adachi and P.R. Buseck. Atmospheric tar balls from biomass burning in Mexico. J. Geophys. Res. (2011).
  • K. Adachi, E.J. Freney, and P.R. Buseck. Shapes of internally mixed hygroscopic aerosol particles after deliquescence, and their effect on light scattering. Geophys. Res. Lett. (2011).
  • E.J. Freney, K. Adachi, and P.R. Buseck. Internally mixed atmospheric aerosol particles: Hygroscopic growth and light scattering. J. Geophys. Res. (2010).
  • G. Zhao, M.M.J. Treacy, and P.R. Buseck. Fluctuation electron microscopy of medium-range order in ion-irradiated zircon. Philos. Mag. (2010).
  • K. Adachi and P.R. Buseck. Hosted and free-floating metal-bearing atmospheric nanoparticles in Mexico City. Environ. Sci. & Tech. (2010).
  • K. Adachi, S.H. Chung, and P.R. Buseck. Shapes of soot aerosol particles and implications for their effects on climate. J. Geophys. Res. (2010).
  • M. Pósfai and P.R. Buseck. Nature and climate effects of individual tropospheric aerosol particles. Ann. Review Earth & Planet. Sci. (2010).
  • P.R. Buseck. Atmospheric-particle research: Past, present, and future. Elements (2010).
  • E.J. Freney, L.A.J. Garvie, T.L.Groy, and P.R. Buseck. Growth and single-crystal refinement of phase-III potassium nitrate, KNO3. Acta Cryst. (2009).
  • E.J. Freney, S.T. Martin, and P.R. Buseck. Deliquescence and efflorescence of potassium salts relevant to biomass-burning aerosol particles. Aerosol Sci. & Tech. (2009).
  • G. Biskos, P.R. Buseck, and S.T. Martin. Hygroscopic growth of nucleation-mode acidic sulfate particles. J. Aerosol Sci. (2009).
  • G. Zhao, P.R. Buseck, A. Rougée, and M.M.J. Treacy. Medium-range order in molecular materials: Fluctuation electron microscopy for detecting fullerenes in disordered carbons. Ultramicrosc. (2009).
  • M.E. Wise, E.J. Freney, C.A. Tyree, J.O. Allen, S.T. Martin, L.M. Russell, and P.R. Buseck. Hygroscopic behavior and liquid-layer composition of aerosol particles generated from natural and artificial seawater. J. Geophys. Res. (2009).
  • J. Spinsby, H. Friedrich, and P.R. Buseck. Volume and surface-area measurements using tomography, with an example from the Brenham pallasite meteorite. Computers & Geosci. (2008).
  • K. Adachi and P.R. Buseck. Internally mixed soot, sulfates, and organic matter in aerosol particles from Mexico City. Atmos. Chem. Phys. (2008).
  • L.A.J. Garvie, D.M. Burt, and P.R. Buseck. Nanometer-scale complexity, growth, and diagenesis in desert varnish. Geology (2008).
  • M.E. Wise, S.T. Martin, L.M. Russell, and P.R. Buseck. Water uptake by NaCl particles prior to deliquescence and the phase rule. Aerosol Sci. & Tech. (2008).
  • P.R. Buseck and K. Adachi. Nanoparticles in the atmosphere. Elements (2008).
  • K Adachi, S Chung, H Friedrich, P Buseck. Fractal parameters of individual soot particles determined using electron tomography: Implications for optical properties. J. Geophys. Res. (2007).
  • M Wise, T Semeniuk, R Bruintjes, S Martin, L Russell, P Buseck. Hygroscopic behavior of NaCl-bearing natural aerosol particles using environmental transmission electron microscopy. J. Geophys. Res. (2007).
  • P Nemeth, K Leinenweber, T Groy, P Buseck. A new high-pressure CaGe2O5 polymorph with 5- and 6-coordinated germanium. Am. Mineral. (2007).
  • T Semeniuk, M Wise, S Martin, L Russell, P Buseck. Hygroscopic behavior of aerosol particles from biomass fires using environmental transmission electron microscopy. J. Atmos. Chem. (2007).
  • G Biskos, A Malinowski, L Russell, P Buseck, S Martin. Nanosize effect on the deliquescence and efflorescence of sodium chloride particles. Aerosol Sci. & Tech. (2006).
  • G Biskos, L Russell, P Buseck, S Martin. Nanosize effect on the hygroscopic growth factor of aerosol particles. Geophys. Res. Lett. (2006).
  • T Kasama, M Pósfai, R Chong, A Finlayson, P Buseck, R Frankel, R Dunin-Borkowski. Magnetic properties, microstructure, composition and morphology of greigite nanocrystals in magnetotactic bacteria from electron holography and tomography. Am. Mineral. (2006).
  • T Zega, L Garvie, I Dódony, H Friedrich, R Stround, P Buseck. Polyhedral serpentine grains in CM chondrites. Meteoritics & Planet. Sci. (2006).
  • D Bell, M Grégoire, T Grove, N Chatterjee, R Carlson, P Buseck. Silica and volatile-element metasomatism of Archean mantle: a xenolith-scale example from the Kaapvaal Craton. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. (2005).
  • E Simpson, T Kasama, M Pósfai, P Buseck, R Harrison, R Dunin-Borkowski. Magnetic induction mapping of magnetite chains in magnetotactic bacteria at room temperature and close to the Verwey transition using electron holography. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. (2005).
  • J Elsila, N de Leon, F Plows, P Buseck, R Zare. Fullerenes in extracts from Sudbury, Gardnos, and Ries impact craters and the effects of aggregation- on fullerene detection. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (2005).
  • J Elsila, N de Leon, P Buseck, R Zare. Alkylation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in carbonaceous chondrites. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (2005).
  • L van Poppel, H Friedrich, J Spinsby, S Chung, J Seinfeld, P Buseck. Electron tomography of nanoparticle clusters: Implications for atmospheric lifetimes and radiative forcing of soot. Geophys. Res. Lett.(2005).
  • M Wise, G Biskos, S Martin, L Russell, P Buseck. Phase transitions of single salt particles studied using a transmission electron microscope with an environmental cell. Aerosol Sci. & Tech. (2005).
  • C.L. Johnson, M.J. Hÿtch, and P.R. Buseck. Nanoscale waviness of low-angle grain boundaries. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (2004).
  • P.R. Buseck, R.E. Dunin-Borkowski, B. Devouard, R.B. Frankel, M.R. McCartney, P.A. Midgley, M. Pósfai, and M. Weyland. Magnetite morphology and life on Mars. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (2001).
  • S Schwartz, P Buseck. Absorbing phenomena. Science (2000).
  • P.R. Buseck and M. Pósfai. Airborne minerals and related aerosol particles: Effects on climate and the environment. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (1999).
  • R.E. Dunin-Borkowski, M.R. McCartney, R.B. Frankel, D.A. Bazylinski, M. Pósfai, and P.R. Buseck. Magnetic microstructure of magnetotactic bacteria by electron holography. Science (1998).
  • M. Pósfai, P.R. Buseck, D.A. Bazylinski, and R.B. Frankel. Reaction sequence of iron sulfide minerals in bacteria and their use as biomarkers. Science (1998).
  • H. Hubert, B. Devouard, L.A.J. Garvie, M. O’Keefe, P.R. Buseck, W.T. Petuskey, and P.F. McMillan. Icosahedral packing of B12 icosahedra in boron suboxide (B6O). Nature (1998).
  • D.M. Murphy, J.R. Anderson, P.K. Quinn, L.M. McInnes, F.J. Brechtel, S.M. Kreidenweis, A.M. Middlebrook, M. Pósfai, D.S. Thomson, and P.R. Buseck. Influence of sea salt particles on aerosol radiative properties in the Southern Ocean marine boundary layer. Nature (1998).
  • L.A.J. Garvie and P.R. Buseck. Ratios of ferrous to ferric iron from nanometre-sized areas in minerals Nature (1998).
  • D.D. Eisenhour, T.L. Daulton, and P.R. Buseck. Electromagnetic heating in the early solar nebula and the origin of chondrules. Science (1994).
  • T. Daly, P.R. Buseck, P. Williams, and C.F. Lewis. Fullerenes from a fulgurite. Science (1993).
  • P.R. Buseck and S. Tsipursky. Origins of fullerenes in rocks—reply to Comment. Science (1995).
  • P.R. Buseck and S.J. Tsipursky. The formation of fullerenes: discussion. Science (1992).
  • P.R. Buseck, S.J. Tsipursky, and R. Hettich. Fullerenes from the geological environment. Science (1992).
  • L.P. Keller and P.R. Buseck. Calcic micas in the Allende carbonaceous chondrite meteorite: Hydration reactions in the early solar nebula. Science (1991). 
  • J.H. Ahn and P.R. Buseck. Hematite nanospheres of colloidal origin from a Precambrian banded iron formation. Science (1990).
  • R. Zenobi, J.-M. Philippoz, P.R. Buseck, and R.N. Zare. Spatially resolved organic analysis of the Allende meteorite. Science (1989).
  • F.M. Allen, B.K. Smith, and P.R. Buseck. Direct observation of dissociated dislocations in garnet. Science (1987).
  • R. Christoffersen and P.R. Buseck. Refractory minerals in interplanetary dust. Science (1986).
  • K. Tomeoka and P.R. Buseck. A carbonate-rich, hydrated, interplanetary dust particle: Possible residue from protostellar clouds. Science (1986).
  • P.P.K. Smith and P.R. Buseck. Carbyne forms of carbon: Evidence for their existence. Reply to a technical comment. Science (1985).
  • K. Tomeoka and P.R. Buseck. Hydrated interplanetary dust particle linked with carbonaceous chondrites? Nature (1985).
  • R. Christoffersen and P.R. Buseck. Epsilon carbide:  A low-temperature component of interplanetary dust particles. Science (1983).
  • J.P. Bradley and P.R. Buseck. Catalytically grown carbon filaments from a smelter aerosol. Nature (1983).
  • K. Tomeoka and P.R. Buseck. A new layered mineral from the Mighei carbonaceous chondrite. Nature (1983).
  • S. Turner and P.R. Buseck. Defects in nsutite (gamma-MnO2) and dry-cell battery efficiency. Nature (1983).
  • P.P.K. Smith and P.R. Buseck. Carbyne forms of carbon: Do they exist? Science (1982).
  • K. Tomeoka and P.R. Buseck. Intergrown mica and montmorillonite in the Allende carbonaceous chondrite. Nature (1982).
  • K. Tomeoka and P.R. Buseck. An unusual layered mineral in chondrules and aggregates of the Allende carbonaceous chondrite. Nature (1982).
  • S. Turner, M. Siegel, and P.R. Buseck. Structural features of todorokite intergrowths in manganese nodules. Nature (1982).
  • S. Turner and P.R. Buseck. Todorokites: A new family of naturally occurring manganese oxides. Science (1981).
  • P.P.K.Smith and P.R. Buseck. Graphitic carbon in the Allende meteorite: A microstructural study. Science (1981).
  • J.C. Varekamp and P.R. Buseck. Mercury emissions from Mount St. Helens during September 1980.  Nature (1981).
  • D.R. Veblen and P.R. Buseck. Serpentine minerals: Intergrowths and new combination structures. Science (1979).
  • S. Turner and P.R. Buseck. Manganese oxide tunnel structures and their intergrowths. Science (1979).
  • I.D.R. Mackinnon and P.R. Buseck. New phyllosilicate types in a carbonaceous chondrite matrix. Nature (1979).
  • M.A. O'Keefe, P.R. Buseck, and S. Iijima. Computed crystal structure images for high resolution electron microscopy. Nature (1978).
  • D.R. Veblen, P.R. Buseck, and C.W. Burnham. Asbestiform chain silicates: New minerals and structural groups. Science (1977).
  • L. Pierce and P.R. Buseck. Electron imaging of pyrrhotite superstructures. Science (1974).
  • J.J. McNerney, P.R. Buseck, and R.C. Hanson. Mercury detection by means of thin gold films. Science (1972). 
  • P.R. Buseck. Phosphide from meteorites: Barringerite, a new iron-nickel mineral. Science (1969).
  • P.R. Buseck and J.I. Goldstein. Pallasitic meteorites: Implications regarding the deep structure of asteroids. Science (1968).
Fall 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 400SESE Colloquium
GLG 500SESE Colloquium
CHM 501Current Topics in Chemistry
SES 792Research
SES 799Dissertation
Summer 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
SES 692Research
SES 792Research
SES 799Dissertation
Spring 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
AST 592Research
GLG 592Research
GLG 599Thesis
AST 692Research
SES 692Research
GLG 692Research
SES 792Research
GLG 792Research
AST 792Research
SES 799Dissertation
AST 799Dissertation
GLG 799Dissertation
Fall 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 592Research
GLG 599Thesis
SES 692Research
AST 692Research
GLG 692Research
AST 792Research
GLG 792Research
SES 792Research
SES 799Dissertation
GLG 799Dissertation
AST 799Dissertation
Summer 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 592Research
AST 692Research
GLG 799Dissertation
Spring 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 400SESE Colloquium
GLG 500SESE Colloquium
AST 592Research
GLG 592Research
GLG 599Thesis
GLG 692Research
AST 692Research
GLG 792Research
AST 792Research
GLG 799Dissertation
AST 799Dissertation
Fall 2015
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 400SESE Colloquium
GLG 500SESE Colloquium
GLG 591Seminar
GLG 592Research
GLG 599Thesis
GLG 692Research
AST 692Research
GLG 792Research
AST 792Research
GLG 799Dissertation
AST 799Dissertation
Summer 2015
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 592Research
Spring 2015
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 400SESE Colloquium
GLG 500SESE Colloquium
AST 592Research
GLG 592Research
GLG 599Thesis
GLG 692Research
AST 692Research
GLG 792Research
AST 792Research
GLG 799Dissertation
AST 799Dissertation
Fall 2014
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 400SESE Colloquium
GLG 500SESE Colloquium
GLG 591Seminar
Spring 2014
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 400SESE Colloquium
GLG 500SESE Colloquium
Fall 2013
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 400SESE Colloquium
GLG 500SESE Colloquium
GLG 591Seminar
Spring 2013
Course NumberCourse Title
GLG 400SESE Colloquium
GLG 500SESE Colloquium
GLG 592Research
GLG 599Thesis
GLG 692Research
GLG 792Research
GLG 799Dissertation