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Stephen Mackinnon

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Emeritus Professor


Professor, Department of History, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences


Research Interests and Selected Publications

Trained in Chinese Studies at Yale and University of California, Davis, MacKinnon is a professor of History and former Director of Center for Asian Studies at Arizona State University. Besides dozens of academic articles and book chapters, he is the author of Power and Politics in Late Imperial China (1981); China Reporting: An Oral History of American Journalism in the 1930s and 1940s (1987); Agnes Smedley: Life and Times of an American Radical (1988)—all published by University of California Press. Research grants while a faculty member at Arizona State University include Senior Fulbright Research (1977), American Council of Learned Societies, Committee on Scholarly Communication with China (1991), Pacific Cultural Foundation and American Institute of Indian Studies (2003). For 2005-06, he was awarded research grants from Fulbright-Hays, ACLS-CSCC and Nanjing Hopkins Center for Research in China. He has been a visiting scholar at a variety of Institutions, including Hoover (Stanford), UC Berkeley, University of British Columbia, University of Hong Kong and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (Beijing). In 2001 Scars of War: The Impact of War on Modern Chinese History, edited with Diana Lary, was published by University of British Columbia Press. Edited with Prof. Ezra Vogel and Diana Lary, China at War, was published by Stanford University Press in 2007. MacKinnon's most recent book is  Wuhan, 1938: War, Refugees and the Making of Modern China published by the University of California Press in 2008.

His current project, begun in 2006, is a biographical study of the life and times of Chen Hanseng (1897-2004), pioneer Chinese social scientist and international political activist since the 1920s. MacKinnon first met Chen in 1976 and did extensive interviews and research on him in the 1980s. For this project in 2005-06 grants from Fulbright-Hays (DOE), ACLS and Nanjing-John Hopkins funded a year of research and writing in China.

Teaching Interests and Courses

At Arizona State University MacKinnon teaches undergraduate courses on Modern China, Peoples Republic of China, U.S.-China relations and History of Modern India. At the graduate level he leads a comparative history seminar on War and Revolution, as well as specialized reading courses on Modern China.

Professional Service Activities

Between 1979 and 1981 and again in 1985, MacKinnon worked as an expert for the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, teaching and editing translations from Chinese to English. Besides Chinese language study throughout the 1960s, he has lectured and published papers regularly in Chinese since the 1970s. Presently he is completing a long term project with the Asia Center at Harvard on the history of the Sino-Japanese War of 1937-45. This involves organizing and writing papers for conferences that bring together senior Chinese and Japanese scholars. The last meeting was held in Chongqing in 2009 on China's wartime diplomatic relations. An edited volume will result.

  • . . Review of: Echoes of Chongqing: women in wartime China. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 2010. ISBN: 978-0-252-07674-9. $25.00 (paper). 232pp (2010).
  • . . Review of: The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China by Jay Taylor. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2009. Xii. 722 pp. $35.00 (2010).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. Defense of Central Yangtze. Battle for China (2010).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. MISSED OPPORTUNITIES: INDIA, CHINA, AND CHEN HANSHENG ??? (1897-2004). Chinese Academy of social Sciences, Modern History Institute (2010).
  • David Pong, editor -- Stephen MacKinnon author of entry. Wars, 1800 to present. Encyclopedia of Modern China (2009).
  • . . Review of: Jacquinot Safe Zone (2009).
  • . . Review of: Revolution and the People in Russia and China: A Comparative History (2009).
  • Stephen MacKinnon, Mai Jinnong. Losing the Mainland:Chen Hansheng and Ji Chaoding in the 1940s. Yijiu siling niandai de Zhongguo - CHINA IN THE 1940S (2009).
  • Stephen MacKinnon, Mai Jinnong. Zhangjiang zhong youdiqu de fangyuzhan, (Defense of the central Yangzi). Zhanlei yu lisi zhanyi - Strategy and historic battles (of the 1937-45 war) (2009).
  • Stephen R. MacKinnon. 1972/4 de yige lingzhen yu Zhou Enlai Zongli tanhua de huiyi (Early morning talk with Premier Zhou Enlai in April, 1972). Guoji lengzhan shi yanjiu (Cold War Studies) (2008).
  • Stephen R. MacKinnon. Wuhan, 1938: War, Refugees, and Making of Modern China. (2008).
  • Stephen R. MacKinnon/ MAI JINNONG. Wuhan, 1938: War, Refugees, and Making of Modern China. Chinese Translation: WUHAN, 1938: ZHANZHENG. NANMIN,YU XIANDAI ZHONGGUO DE XINGCHENG. (2008).
  • . . Review of: Reporting the Chinese Revolution: Letters of Rayna Prohme (2008).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Chen Hansheng yu Taipingyang yanjiu hui [Chen Hansheng and Institute of Pacific Relations]. Minguo guowai guanxi (Republican period foreign relations). Published by Chinese Academy of social Sciences (2008).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen R. Agnes Smedley (1892-1950). Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History (2007).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen R. China At War: Regions of China, 1937-45. (2007).
  • . . Review of: Henry R. Luce, Time, and the American Crusade in Asia (2007).
  • Stephen R. MacKinnon. Conclusion. China At War: Regions of China (2007).
  • . . Review of: V.K. Wellington Koo and the Emergence of Modern China (2006).
  • . . Review of: The Chinese Hsinhai Revolution: G.E. Morrison and Anglo-Japanese Relations, 1897-1920 (2005).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen R (Author) . Americans in China and the Chiangs. Madame Chiang Kaishek and her China (2005).
  • . . Review of: 400 Million Customers Oil for the Lamps of China, Eastbridge, 2003 (2004).
  • . . Review of: Friend of China -- Myth of Rewi Alley Routledge, 2003 (2004).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen R (Author) . Aihen Zhongguo [Loving and Hating China]]: sansi shi niandai meiguo meidi zaihua jingyan [experience of the U.S. media in China during the 1930s and 1940s]. Jindai zhongguo yu shijie [Modern China and the World] (2004).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Fact and Fantasy: U.S. Press coverage of the Civil War, 1947-48. (2004).
  • . . Review of: Review of 'Friend of China' (2003).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen R. 'Li Zongren' and 'Yuan Shikai'. Political Leaders of Modern China: Biographical Dictionary (2002).
  • David Graff, Robin Higham, Stephen Mackinnon. Sino-Japanese Conflict, 1937-45. Military History of China (2002).
  • Zhongguo shixue hui, Stephen Mackinnon. Zhongguo baodao - Meiguo medi yu 1911 geming( China Reporting - U.S. media and the 1911 revolution ). Xinghai geming yu 20 shijide zhongguo (2002).
  • . . Review of: Review of Translucent Mirror (2002).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen R (Author) . The Sino-Japanese Conflict, 1937-45. A Military History of China (2002).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen R (Author) . Zhongguo baodao - Meiguo meidi yu 1911 geming (China Reporting - U.S. media and 1911 Revolution). Xinghai geming yu 20 shijide zhongguo (1911 Revolution and twentieth century China) (2002).
  • Stephen Mackinnon, Diana Lary. Refugee Flight at the Outset of the Anti-Japanese War. Scars of War (2001).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen R, Lary, Diana. Scars of War: The Impact of Warfare on Modern China. (2001).
  • . . Review of: Review of Negotiating Cooperation: U.S. and China, 1969-89 (2001).
  • . . Review of: Review of Sun Yatsen (2001).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen R (Author) . Refugee Flight at the Ouset of the Anti-Japanese War. Scars of War (2001).
  • . Wei Baodingxi erzhan: zhongri zhanzheng quqi zhi junshi rencai zhiyehua yu junshi zhengzhi ( In defense of the Baoding Clique: Professionalism and Military Politics at the Outset of the Sino-Japanese War). (2001).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen R (Author) . Wuhan's Search for Identity in the Republican Period. Remaking the Chinese City: Modernity and National Identity, 1900-1950 (2000).
Research Activity: 
  • Mackinnon,Stephen R*. Last Romantic: Life & Times of Chen Hanseng. ED(5/1/2005 - 12/31/2006).
  • Mackinnon,Stephen R*. CONFLICT RESOLUTION CONFERENCE. MARSHALL FUND OF AZ(4/1/1996 - 1/31/1997).
  • Mackinnon,Stephen R*. INDIVIDUAL & INSTITUTIONAL VALUES IN TRADITIONAL & MOD ASIA. (12/15/1989 - 6/30/1991).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. Political Patronage and the Chinese Press in the 1920s. Western Conference Assn. Asian Studies, Calif. State, Northridge (Oct 2010).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. Missed Opportunities: India, China and Chen Hansheng. 40th anniversary conference, Modern History Institute, CASS , (May 2010).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. Wartime Economy and Culture in Chinese Daily Life, 1937-45. Workshop, UC, Berkeley (Nov 2009).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. Japanese Occupied Wuhan, 1939-45. Western Conference of Asian Studies, Tucson (Oct 2009).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. Commentator, organizer. China's Wartime International Relations, Chongqing, China (Sep 2009).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. Globalization Questions of the 1950s raised by Chen Hansheng and Ji Chaoding. Conference on 60th anniversary of PRC -- evaluation as history -- Beijing (Jun 2009).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. workshop discussant. Religion, Secularism, and Democracy:New Delhi (Apr 2009).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. Board meeting of Society for Twentieth Century China. Assn of Asian Studies, Chicago (Mar 2009).
  • Stephen MacKinnon. Agnes Smedley's Shanghai. Shanghai Literary Festival (Mar 2009).
  • Stephen R. MacKinnon. Nationalism, Culture, and Identity: New Boundaries in Asia. Graduate Student Asian Studies Conference, ASU, Tempe (Oct 2008).
  • Stephen R. MacKinnon. Wuhan, 1938: Why Important. 60th Anniversary of Battle of Wuhan, Research Conference, Wuhan, PRC (Oct 2008).
  • Stephen R. MacKinnon. Institute of Pacific Relations and Track Two Sino-American Diplomacy, 1941-45. Western Conference of Assn Asian Studies, Boulder, Colorado (Sep 2008).
  • Stephen R. MacKinnon. Transnational Identities in Republican China: Chen Lifu, Chen Hansheng, Ji Chaoding and Losing the Mainland. Twentieth Century China Research Conference, Honolulu (Jun 2008).
  • Stephen R. MacKinnon. China's Boom: Success Trap. Kosambi Endowed Centiennial Lecture, Pune, India (Feb 2008).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Rethinking China and Europe: Connections and Comparisons. Rethinking China and Europe (Nov 2007).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Chen Hansheng and Institute of Pacific Relations. Western Conference of Assn of Asian Studies (Sep 2007).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Losing the Mainland: Chen Hansheng and Ji Chaoding in the 1940s. China in the 1940s (Aug 2007).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. War and Culture. Third International Conference on Wartime China, Hakone Japan (Nov 2006).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. War and Culture: Wuhan, 1938. Research Conference Workshop on War and Society in China, Univ. Brit. Columbia, Vancouver (Nov 2006).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Institute of Pacific Relations: Asia's First International NGO. International Conference on China and the World, in Shanghai, PRC (Sep 2006).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Chen Hansheng yu Taipingyang yanjiuhui. Research conference on China's foreign relations in Republican Period (Aug 2006).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Renwu [Art of Biography]. Invited talk to History Department of Nankai University, Tianjin, PRC (Jul 2006).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Cheng Shewo and Modern Chinese Press. Hopkins-Nanjing Center, Nanjing University, PRC (May 2006).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Rewu [Art of Biography]. Invited talk to History Department, Nanjing University (Apr 2006).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. China's Foreign Relations. Sirsikar lecture (endowed), University of Pune, India (Sep 2005).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Wuhan Spring, 1938: International Propaganda Victory. 1930s China -- invited research conference, paper given in Chinese (Aug 2005).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Globalism in East Asia. Association for Asian Studies, national meeting, Chicago (May 2005).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Press Magnate as Maverick: Cheng Shewo (1898-1991). Workshop at Harvard concerning Press and Media in Republican China (1912-49) (May 2005).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. One Nation, Divided Loyalties: Family, Gender, and Politics in Wartime China. National meeting of Association for Asian Studies in San Diego (Mar 2004).
  • Mackinnon, Stephen. Defense of the Central Yangzi and the Beginning of the War of Attrition. Three day Research Conference in Maui, Hawaii on Military History of Sino-Japanese War
  • Launch Celebration ASU School of Hist,Phil. Relig studies, Panelist on 60 year retrospective on China (2009 - Present)
  • Palgrave MacMillan (UK), Ms. review (2009 - Present)
  • Santa Fe Council on International Relations & Albuerque World Affairs Council, Speaker at three events about China (2009 - Present)
  • Harvard East Asian Series, Review ms. on PRC monuments and public art (2008 - Present)
  • Cambridge University Press, Review ms. on China's Tragic War (2008 - Present)
  • Hong Kong University Press, Evaluate ms. on Through the Looking Glass (2008 - Present)
  • Journal of Asian Studies, Review ms. on Refugees and Environment in wartime China (2008 - Present)
  • Cambridge University Press, Review Ms. on States of War (2008 - Present)
  • University of British Columbia Press, Review ms. on War and Rembrance (2008 - Present)
  • CCTV China's main broadcasting channel, Expert interviewed in two part documentary on Yan'an history of (2008 - Present)
  • Modern Japan position search committee, Member (2007 - Present)
  • Senior Advisory Council Az Attorney General, Member (2007 - Present)
  • Senior Advisory Council Az Attorney General, Member (2007 - Present)
  • Senior Advisory Council and Asian American Community Justice Council, Attorney General, member, continuing service (2007 - Present)
  • Salon, ASU Retirees Assn, Wise Guys, Marv Lakin lunch, Phoenix Com Foreign Relations, Speaker (2005 - Present)
  • Salon, Phoenix Com Foreign Relations, Speaker (2005 - Present)
  • Asian American Community Justice Council, Member (2004 - Present)
  • Asian American Community Justice Council, Member (2004 - Present)
  • Marshall Lecture Committee, Member (2004 - Present)
  • Phoenix Committee on Foreign Relations, Board Member (2003 - Present)
  • Phoenix Committee on Foreign Relations, Board Member (2003 - Present)
  • Asian Arts Council, Phoenix Art Museum, Board Member (2010 - 2012)
  • Phx com Foreign Relations, Board Member (2007 - 2011)
  • Executive committee, Asian Studies Major, member (2009 - 2011)
  • Personnel and Advisory Committee, Member (2009 - 2011)
  • Reviewed ms.for three University presses., ms. review (2010 - 2010)
  • Senior Advisory Council Az Attorney General, Member (2007 - 2010)
  • Marshall Lecture Committee, Member (2009 - 2010)
  • China Quarterly, Ms. review (2009 - 2009)
  • Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, Ms. review (2009 - 2009)
  • University of North Texas, Evaluator or promotion of Harold Tanner to full Professor (2009 - 2009)
  • ASU Homecoming: Relevance of History to Contemporary Problems, Speaker (2007)
  • CCTV-9, China's National English lang. T.V. service, Panelist (2007)
  • History 300 Committee, member (2007 - 2007)
  • Duguesne University, Evaluation for tenure (2007)
  • Chinese Historical Review, Ariticle Manuscript review (2004 - 2005)
  • Fulbright Interview Committee, Office of National Scholarship Advisement, Member (2004 - 2005)
  • Studies on Asia, Reviewer (2005 - 2005)
  • University of Missouri - Columbia, Promotion evaluation (2005 - 2005)
  • University of Texas - Austin, Evaluation for promotion (2005 - 2005)
  • Asian Studies Student Research Symposium, History at ASU video, History in the Global Moment, Speaker and discussion leader (2004 - 2005)
  • Executive Committee, Center Asian Studies, Member (2004 - 2005)
  • Field committee and PAC, Chair of Asian Field (2004 - 2005)
  • Student Exchange, Center Asian Studies, Committee member (2004 - 2005)
  • Asian Arts Council, Phx Art Museum, Board member (2003 - 2005)
  • Graduate Committee, Member, screen admission (2004 - 2005)
  • Personnel and Advisory Committee Extended, Member (2004 - 2005)
  • Phx Sister City - Chengdu Committee, Member, former chair (2004 - 2005)
  • Student and Faculty Exchange Committee, Center for Asian Studies, Member (2004 - 2005)
  • Graduate Committee, Member (2004 - 2005)
  • Executive Advisory Board, Center for Asian Studies, Member (2003 - 2005)
  • Paulson and Dudley Prizes Award Committees, Member/chair (2003 - 2005)
  • Asian Field Committee, Chair (2003 - 2005)
  • Fulbright Selection, Member (2004 - 2005)
  • National Consortium for Teaching About Asia, Led two hour session on Modern Chinese History (2004 - 2004)
  • Salon, Tempe Public Library, Chinese Week 2004, Speaker (2004 - 2004)
  • Global Studies: External Support Development Committee, Member (2004 - 2004)
  • Panel on Muslims and Hindus in North India and Gujarat, Symposium on Region and Regional Consciousness in India, Moderator (2004 - 2004)
  • President's Community Enrichment Program, Participating Faculty, Adventures in Learning (2004 - 2004)
  • Promotion and Tenure Committee, Chair (2003 - 2003)
  • Search Committee, Member (2003 - 2003)
  • Asian Studies Advisory Committee, Member (2003 - 2003)
  • Development, Chair (2001 - 2003)
  • Alberta University, Outside evaluator (2003)
  • Az Republic, Author (2003)
  • China Review, Manuscript referee (2003)
  • Global Studies Group, Member invited group (2003)
  • Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Outside Evaluator for Promotion (2003)
  • Indiana University, Outside evaluator promotion to associate professor (2003)
  • Marshall Fund, Board Member (2003)
  • Marshall Lecture Committee, Member (2003)
  • Modern China, Manuscript Referee (2003)
  • Northeastern University, Outside evaluator, promotion to professor (2003)
  • Phx Sister City - Chengdu Committee, Member, former chair (2003)
  • Pres. Enrichment Program, AZ.Humanities Council, Tempe Public Library, Salon, Speaker (2003)
  • Routledge Press, Manuscript Referee (2003)
  • Salon (Morgan Stanley, Scottsdale), World Affairs Council, Global Video, Republican Party, Phoenix Art Museum, Speaker (2003)
  • Selected Papers in Asian Studies, Editorial board (2003)
  • University of British Columbia, External Examiner, Ph.D. thesis by Colin Greene (2003)
  • University of Toronto, External Examiner, Ph.D (2003)
  • Graduate Policy Committee, Member (2002 - 2002)
  • Personnel Advisory Committee, Member (2001 - 2002)
  • Seven Yr Review com, Member (2001 - 2002)
  • Brown Bag talk, Speaker (2002 - 2002)
  • Asian field curriculum com, Chair (2001 - 2001)
  • Paulson Prize Award Committee, Chair (2001 - 2001)
  • Federal Immigration Court, Expert witness (2001 - 2001)