Alexandra Navrotsky was educated at the Bronx High School of Science and the University of Chicago (B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in physical chemistry). After postdoctoral work in Germany and at Penn State University, she joined the faculty in chemistry at Arizona State University, where she remained until her move to the Department of Geological and Geophysical Sciences at Princeton University in 1985. She chaired that department from 1988 to 1991 and was active in the Princeton Materials Institute. In 1997, she became an interdisciplinary professor of ceramic, earth, and environmental materials chemistry at the University of California at Davis and was appointed Edward Roessler Chair in Mathematical and Physical Sciences in 2001. She served as interim dean of the University of California Davis College of Letters and Sciences Department of Mathematical and Physical Sciences from 2013 to 2017. She organized the NEAT (Nano and New Materials in Energy, the Environment, Agriculture, and Technology) research group in 2002 and has directed the Peter A. Rock Thermochemistry Laboratory since her arrival in 1997.
Her research interests have centered about relating microscopic features of structure and bonding to macroscopic thermodynamic behavior in minerals, ceramics, and other complex materials. She has made major contributions to both mineralogy/geochemistry and to solid state chemistry/materials science in the fields of ceramics, mantle mineralogy and deep earth geophysics, melt and glass science, nanomaterials and porous materials. She has developed unique high temperature calorimetric techniques and instruments and her laboratory the Peter A. Rock Thermochemistry Laboratory, collaborates with scientists all over the world.
Honors include an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship (1973); Mineralogical Society of America Award (1981); American Geophysical Union Fellow (1988); Vice-President, Mineralogical Society of America (1991-1992), President (1992-1993); Geochemical Society Fellow (1997). She spent five years (1986-1991) as Editor, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, and serves on numerous advisory committees and panels in both government and academe. She was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1993. In 1995 she received the Ross Coffin Purdy Award from the American Ceramic Society and was awarded the degree of Doctor Honoris Causa from Uppsala University, Sweden. In 2002 she was awarded the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Earth Science. In 2004, she was elected a Fellow of The Mineralogical Society (Great Britain) and awarded the Urey Medal (the highest career honor of the European Association of Geochemistry). In 2005, she received the Spriggs Phase Equilibria Award. In 2006, she received the Harry H. Hess Medal of the American Geophysical Union. In October 2009, she received the Roebling Medal (the highest honor of the Mineralogical Society of America). In 2011, she became a member of the American Philosophical Society. In 2016 she received the Victor M. Goldschmidt Award from the Geochemical Society and the W. David Kingery Award from the American Ceramic Society. The World Academy of Ceramics elected Prof. Navrotsky to Science Professional Member in 2017.
Recently, a newly discovered mineral K2Na10(UO2)3(SO4)9·2H2O was named Navrotskyite in her honor.
Selected papers from her 947 publications
"The Thermodynamics of Cation Distributions in Simple Spinels,” A. Navrotsky and O. J. Kleppa, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 29, 2701-2714 (1967).
"Thermodynamics of Formation of Simple Spinels,” A. Navrotsky and O. J. Kleppa, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 30, 479-498 (1968).
"Olivine-Modified Spinel-Spinel Transitions in the System Mg2SiO4-Fe2SiO4: Calorimetric Measurements, Thermochemical Calculations, and Geophysical Application,” M. Akaogi, E. Ito, and A. Navrotsky, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 15671-15685 (1989).
"Negative Pressure-Temperature Slopes for Reactions Forming MgSiO3 Perovskite from Calorimetry,” E. Ito, M. Akaogi, L. Topor, and A. Navrotsky, Science, 249, 1275-1278 (1990).
"Thermochemical Study of the Stability of Frameworks in High Silica Zeolites,” I. Petrovic, A. Navrotsky, M. E. Davis, and S. I. Zones, Chem. Mater., 5, 1805-1813 (1993).
"Energetics of Radiation Damage in Natural Zircon (ZrSiO4),” S. Ellsworth, A. Navrotsky, and R. C. Ewing, Phys. Chem. Min., 21, 140-149 (1994).
“Surface Energies and Thermodynamic Phase Stability in Nanocrystalline Aluminas,” J. M. McHale, A. Auroux, A. J. Perrotta, and A. Navrotsky, Science, 277, 788-791 (1997).
“A Lesson from Ceramics,” A. Navrotsky, Science, 284, 1788-1789 (1999).
“Silicon Nitride: Enthalpy of Formation of the α- and β-Polymorphs and the Effect of C and O Impurities,” J.-J. Liang, L. Topor, A. Navrotsky, and M. Mitomo, J. Mater. Res., 14, 1959-1968 (1999).
C. Laberty, S. L. Suib, and A. Navrotsky, Chem. Mater., 12, 1660-1665 (2000).
"Thermochemistry of Pure-Silica Zeolites,” P. M. Piccione, C. Laberty, S. Yang, M. A. Camblor, A. Navrotsky, and M. E. Davis, J. Phys. Chem. B, 104, 10001-10011 (2000).
"Possible Presence of High-pressure Ice in Cold Subducting Slabs,” C. R. Bina and A. Navrotsky, Nature, 408, 844-847 (2000).
"Vitreous Forsterite (Mg2SiO4): Synthesis, Structure, and Thermochemistry, ,” J. A. Tangeman, B. L. Phillips, A. Navrotsky, J. K. R. Weber, A. D. Hixson, and T. S. Key, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2517-2520, (2001).
“In Situ Calorimetric Study of the Growth of Silica TPA-MFI Crystals from an Initially Clear Solution,” S. Y. Yang and A. Navrotsky, Chem. Mater., 14, 2803-2811 (2002).
“Thermodynamic and Structural Aspects of the Polyamorphic Transition in Yttrium and Other Rare-earth Aluminate Liquids,” M. C. Wilding, P. F. McMillan, and A. Navrotsky, Physica A, 314, 379-390 (2002).
“Enthalpy of Formation of Cubic Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia,” T. A. Lee, A. Navrotsky, and I. Molodetsky, J. Mater. Res., 18, 908-918 (2003).
“Stability of Peroxide-containing Uranyl Minerals,” K.-A. Hughes Kubatko, K. B. Helean, A. Navrotsky, and P. C. Burns, Science, 302, 1191-1193 (2003).
“Energetic Clues to Pathways to Biomineralization: Precursors, Clusters, and Nanoparticles,” A. Navrotsky, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 101, 12096-12101 (2004).
“Thermodynamically Stable SixOyCz Polymer-Like Amorphous Ceramics,” T. Varga, A. Navrotsky, J. L. Moats, R. M. Morcos, F. Poli, K. Müller, A. Saha, and R. Raj, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 90, 3213-3219 (2007).
“Size-Driven Structural and Thermodynamic Complexity in Iron Oxides,” A. Navrotsky, L. Mazeina, and J. Majzlan, Science, 319, 1635-1638 (2008).
“Thermochemistry of Microporous and Mesoporous Materials” A. Navrotsky, O. Trofymluk, and A. Levchenko, Chem. Rev., 109, 3885-3902 (2009).
“Nanophase Transition Metal Oxides Show Large Thermodynamically Driven Shifts in Oxidation-Reduction Equilibria,” A. Navrotsky, C. Ma, K. Lilova, and N. Birkner, Science, 330, 199-201 (2010).
“MOF-5: Enthalpy of Formation and Energy Landscape of Porous Materials,” J. Hughes and A. Navrotsky, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 133, 9184-9187 (2011).
“Nuclear Fuel in a Reactor Accident,” P. Burns, R. Ewing, and A. Navrotsky, Science, 335, 1184 (2012).
“Little Thermodynamic Penalty for Synthesis of Ultraporous Metal Organic Frameworks,” Z. Akimbekov and A. Navrotsky, Chem. Phys. Chem. 17, 468-470 (2016).
“Direct Calorimetric Verification of Thermodynamic Instability of Lead Halide Perovskites,” G. P. Nagabhushana, R. Shivaramaiah, and A. Navrotsky, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 113, 7717-7721 (2016).
“A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study of Enthalpy of Phase Transition and Fusion of Yttria Above 2000 °C Using ‘Drop-n-Catch’ Calorimetry and First-Principles Calculations,” D. Kapush, S. V. Ushakov, A. Navrotsky, Q. Hong, H. Liu and A. van de Walle, Acta Mater., 124, 204-209 (2017).
“Hot Matters – Experimental Methods for High-Temperature Property Measurement,” A. Navrotsky and S. V. Ushakov, Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 96, 22-28 (2017).
“Experimental and Theoretical Evaluation of the Stability of True MOF Polymorphs Explains Their Mechanochemical Interconversions,” Z. Akimbekov, A. Katsenis, G. Nagabhushana, G. Ayoub, M. Arhangelskis, A. Morris, T. Friščic, A. Navrotsky, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 139, 7952-7957 (2017)
“Thermodynamic and Structural Evolution of Dy2Ti2O7 Pyrochlore after Swift Heavy Ion Irradiation,” C-K. Chung, J. Shamblin, E. O'Quinn, A. Shelyug, I. Gussev, M. K. Lang, and A. Navrotsky, Acta Mater., 145, 227-234 (2018).
"Energetics of Formation and Disordering in Rare Earth Weberite RE3TaO7 Materials," T. Subramani, A. Navrotsky, Inorganic Chemistry, 58, 23, 16126-16133 (2019).
“Structural and Thermodynamic Limits of Layer Thickness in 2D Halide Perovskites” C.M.M. Soe, G.P. Nagabhushana, R. Shivaramaia, H. Tsai, W. Nie, J.C. Blancon, F. Melkonyan, D.H. Cao, B. Traoré, L. Pedesseau, M. Kepenekian, C. Katan, J. Even, T.J. Marks, A. Navrotsky, A.D. Mohite, C.C. Stoumpos, M.G. Kanatzidis, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 116, 58-66 (2019).
“Thermodynamics of Reaction between Gas-Turbine Ceramic Coatings and Ingested CMAS Corrodents,” G.C.C. Costa, B.J. Harder, V.L. Wiesner, D. Zhu, N. Bansal, K.N. Lee, N.S. Jacobson, D. Kapush, S.V. Ushakov, A. Navrotsky, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 102, 2948-2964 (2019).
"Avalanches during recrystallization in radiation-damaged pyrochlore and allanite: Statistical similarity to phase transitions in functional materials," Beirau, T., Shelyug, A., Navrotsky, A., Poellmann, H., Salje, E.K H., Applied Physics Letters, 115 (2019).
"Energetic insights into the crystallization of lanthanum carbonate amorphous precursors," Koryttseva, A., Navrotsky, A. Thermochimica Acta, 688 (2020).
"Hydration structure and water exchange kinetics at xenotime-water interfaces: implications for rare earth minerals separation," Roy, S. Wu, L., Srinivasan, S.G., Stack, A.G., Navrotsky, A., Bryantsev, V.S. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 22, 7719-7727 (2020).
"In Situ High-Temperature Synchrotron Diffraction Studies of (Fe,Cr,Al)(3)O-4 Spinels," Agca, C., Neuefeind, J.C., McMurray, J.W., Liu, J., Benmore, C.J., Weber, R.J.K., Navrotsky, A. Inorganic Chemistry, 59 (2020).
"Melting temperature measurement of refractory oxide ceramics as a function of oxygen fugacity using containerless methods," Agca, C., Neuefeind, J.C., McMurray, J.W., Weber, R., Navrotsky, A. Journal of American Ceramic Society (2020).
"Thermochemistry of cation disordered Li ion battery cathode materials, Li1+xMx ' M1-2x '' O-2 (M ' = Nb and Ta, M '' = Mn and Fe)," Subramani, T., Navrotsky, A. RSC Advances, 10, 6540-6546 (2020).
"Thermochemistry of rare earth oxyhydroxides, REOOH (RE = Eu to Lu)," Yang, S.H., Powell, M., Kolis, J.W., Navrotsky, A. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 287 (2020).
"Thermodynamic assessment of BaO-Ln(2)O(3) (Ln = La, Pr, Eu, Gd, Er) systems," Gong, W., Liu, Y., Xie, Y., Zhao, Z., Ushakov, S.V., Navrotsky, A. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 103, 3896-3904 (2020).
"Thermodynamic Evidence of Structural Transformations in CO2-Loaded Metal-Organic Framework Zn(MeIm)(2) from Heat Capacity Measurements," Rosen, P.F., Dickson, M.S., Calvin, J., Ross, N.L., Friscic, T., Navrotsky, A., Woodfield, B.F. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 142, 4833-4841 (2020).
"Thermodynamic Studies of Bromide Incorporation into Cesium Lead Iodide (CsPbI3)," Wang, B., Navrotsky, A. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 124, 8639-8642 (2020).
"Formation and energetics of amorphous rare earth (RE) carbonates in the RE2O3-CO2-H2O system," Koryttseva, A., Navrotsky, A. Thermochimica Acta, 692 (2020).
"Enthalpies of formation of high entropy and multicomponent alloys using oxide melt solution calorimetry," Hayun, S., Lilova, K., Salhov, S., Navrotsky, A. Intermetallics, 125 (2020).
"Disorder in Ho2Ti2-xZrxO7: pyrochlore to defect fluorite solid solution series," Drey, D.L., O'Quinn, E.C., Subramani, T., Lilova, K., Baldinozzi, G., Gussev, I.M., Fuentes, A.F., Neuefeind, J.C., Everett, M., Sprouster, D., Navrotsky, A., Ewing, R.C., Lang, M. RSC Advances, 10, 57, 34632-34650 (2020).
"Experimental and computational studies of melting of the spinel phase in the Fe-Al-O ternary system," Agca, C.,, Lindwall, G., McMurray, J.W., Neuefeind, J.C., Liu, Z-K, Navrotsky, A. Calphad-Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, 70 (2020).
"Development of high-temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry for p-block element containing materials," Abramchuk, M., Lilova, K., Subramani, T., Yoo, R., Navrotsky, A. Journal of Materials Research, 35, 16, 2239-2246 (2020).
"A Synergistic Approach to Unraveling the Thermodynamic Stability of Binary and Ternary Chevrel Phase Sulfides," Lilova, K., Perryman, J.T., Singstock, N.R., Abramchuk, M., Subramani, Tamilarasan., Lam, A., Yoo, R., Ortiz-Rodriguez, J.C., Musgrave, C.B., Navrotsky, A., Velazquez, J.M. Chemistry of Materials, 32, 16, 7044-7051 (2020).
"Conductivity, structure, and thermodynamics of Y2Ti2O7-Y3NbO7 solid solutions," Winiarz, P., Mielewczyk-Gryn, A., Lilova, K., Wachowski, S., Subramani, T., Abramchuk, M., Dzik, E., Navrotsky, A., Gazda, M. Dalton Transactions, 49, 31, 10839-10850 (2020).
"Energetics of CO(2)and H2O adsorption on alkaline earth metal doped TiO2," da Silva, A.L., Wu, L., Caliman, L.B., Castro, R.H.R., Navrotsky, A., Gouvea, D. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 22, 27, 15600-15607 (2020).
"Thermal Analysis of High Entropy Rare Earth Oxides," Ushakov, S.V., Hayun, S.,; Gong, W., Navrotsky, A. Materials, 13, 14 (2020).
"Entropy Stabilization of TiO2-Nb2O5 Wadsley-Roth Shear Phases and Their Prospects for Lithium-Ion Battery Anode Materials," Voskanyan, A.A., Abramchuk, M., Navrotsky, A. Chemistry of Materials, 32, 12, 5301-5308 (2020).
"Thermodynamics Drives the Stability of the MOF-74 Family in Water," Voskanyan, A.A., Goncharov, V.G., Novendra, N., Guo, X., Navrotsky, A. ACS Omgeda, 5, 22, 13158-13163 (2020).
"Thermochemistry of nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxides," Sandoval, S., Muthuswamy, E., Chen, J., Fuertes, A., Tobias, G., Navrotsky, A. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 40, 16, 6322-6327 (2020).
"Synthesis, Characterization, and Enthalpies of Formation of Uranium Substituted Zirconolites," Subramani, T., Baker, J., Xu, H., Navrotsky, A. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 4, 10, 1878-1887 (2020).
"Energetics of Salt-Bearing Sodalites, Na8Al6Si6O24X2 (X = SO4, ReO4, Cl, I): A Treatment Option for Pertechnetate-Enriched Nuclear Waste Streams," Lilova, K., Pierce, E.M., Wu, L., Jubb, A.M., Subramani, T., Navrotsky, A. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 4, 11, 2153-2161 (2020).
"Cooperative formation of porous silica and peptides on the prebiotic Earth," Navrotsky, A., Hervig, R., Lyons, J., Seo, D-K, Shock, E., Voskanyan, A. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118, 2 (2021).
"Measurements of Density of Liquid Oxides with an Aero-Acoustic Levitator," Ushakov, S.V., Niessen, J., Quirinale, D.G., Prieler, R., Navrotsky, A., Telle, R. Materials, 14, 4, 1-13 (2021).
"Thermochemistry and phase stability of the polymorphs of yttrium tantalate, YTaO4," Lepple, M., Ushakov, S.V., Lilova, K., Macauley, C.A., Fernandez, A.N., Levi, C.G., Navrotsky, A. Journal of European Ceramic Society, 41, 2, 1629-1638 (2021).
"Thermodynamics of cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X = I, Br, Cl) perovskites," Wang, B., Navrotsky, A. Thermochimica Acta, 695, 178813 (2021).
"Corrigendum to “Thermodynamics of cesium lead halide (CsPbX3, X = I, Br, Cl) perovskites” [Thermochim. Acta 695 (2021) 178813] (Thermochimica Acta (2021) 695, (S0040603120307280), (10.1016/j.tca.2020.178813))," Wang, B., Navrotsky, A. Thermochimica Acta, 696 (2021).
"Insight on the Stability of Thick Layers in 2D Ruddlesden–Popper and Dion–Jacobson Lead Iodide Perovskites," Vasileiadou, E.S., Wang, B., Spanopoulos, I., Hadar, I., Navrotsky, A., Kanatzidis, M.G. Journal of American Chemical Society, 143, 6, 2523-2536 (2021).
"Heat capacities and thermodynamic functions of neodymia and samaria doped ceria," Neilsen, G., Rosen, P.F., Dickson, M.S., Popovic, M., Schliesser, J., Hansen, L.D., Navrotsky, A., Woodfield, B.F. Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 158 (2021).
"Heat capacity and thermodynamic functions of transition metal ion (Cu2+, Fe2+, Mn2+) exchanged, partially dehydrated zeolite A (LTA)," TDickson, M.S., Rosen, P.F., Neilsen, G., Navrotsky, A., Woodfield, B.F., he Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 161 (2021).
"Structure-property and thermodynamic relationships in rare earth (Y, Eu, Pr) iridate pyrochlores," Nenoff, T.M., Rademacher, D.X., Rodriguez, M.A., Garino, T.J., Subramani, T., Navrotsky, A., Journal of Solid State Chemistry. 299 (2021).
"Energetics of the Local Environment of Structure-Directing Agents Influence Zeolite Synthesis." Zones, S.I., Jayanthi, K., Pascual, J., Xie, D., Navrotsky, A., ACS Publications. 33, 6, 2126-2138 (2021).
"Thermodynamics of Fluorite-Structured Oxides Relevant to Nuclear Energy: A Review." Shelyug, A., Navrotsky, A., ACS Earth and Space Chemistry. 5, 3, 703-721 (2021).
"Steam-Induced Coarsening of Single-Unit-Cell MFI Zeolite Nanosheets and Its Effect on External Surface Brønsted Acid Catalysis." Guefrachi, Y., Sharma, G., Xu, D., Kumar, G., Vinter, K.P., Abdelrahman, O.A.,; Li, X., Alhassan, S., Dauenhauer, P.J., Navrotsky, A., Zhang, W., Tsapatsis, M., Angewandte Chemie-International Edition. 60, 6, 2735-2735 (2021).
"Energetic Stability and Its Role in the Mechanism of Ionic Transport in NASICON-Type Solid-State Electrolyte Li1+xAlxTi2–x(PO4)3." Abramchuk, M., Voskanyan, A.A., Arinicheva, Y., Lilova, K., Subramani, T., Ma, Q., Dashjav, E., Finsterbusch, M., Navrotsky, A.,The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 12, 18, 4400-4406 (2021).
"Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Recycled Hard Disk Drive Mixed Steel and Magnet Scrap." Lister, T.E., Meagher, M., Strauss, M.L., Diaz, L.A., Rollins, H.W., Das, G., Lencka, M.M., Anderko, A., Riman, R., Narotsky, A., Rare Metal Technology. 139-154 (2021).
"Drop Solution Calorimetric Studies of Interface Enthalpy of Cubic Silver (I) Oxide (Ag2O) Nanocrystals." Al-Essa, K., Radha, A.V., Navrotsky, A., Key Engineering Materials. 878, 73-80 (2021).
"Thermodynamics of high entropy oxides." McCormack, S.J., Navrotsky, A., Acta Materialia. 202, 1-21 (2021).
"Effects of Al:Si and (Al + Na):Si ratios on the properties of the international simple glass, part I: Physical properties." Reiser, J.T., Lu, X., Parruzot, B., Liu, H., Subramani, T., Kaya, H., Kissinger, R.M., Crum, J.V., Ryan, J.V., Navrotsky, A., Kim, S.H.., Vienna, J.D., Journal of American Ceramic Society. 104, 1, 167-182 (2021).