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Angela Banks

Charles J. Merriam Distinguished Professor of Law
Faculty, DTPHX Campus, Mailcode 9520

Angela M. Banks is an immigration and citizenship expert whose research focuses on membership and belonging in democratic societies.  Her scholarship has appeared or is forthcoming in leading American law review journals such as the Emory Law Journal, the William & Mary Law Review, and Brooklyn Law Review.

Prior to joining the Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law faculty, Professor Banks was a Professor of Law at William & Mary School of Law.  She has also served as the Reginald F. Lewis Fellow for Law Teaching at Harvard Law School, a legal advisor to Judge Gabrielle Kirk McDonald at the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal; an associate at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering in Washington, DC (now WilmerHale); and as law clerk for Judge Carlos F. Lucero of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. 

She received a B.A. in sociology from Spelman College summa cum laude and a Master of Letters in sociology from Oxford, where she was a Marshall Scholar. Professor Banks is a 2000 graduate of Harvard Law School, where she served as an editor of the Harvard Law Review and the Harvard International Law Journal.

  • J.D. Harvard Law School 2000
  • M.Litt. Sociology, University of Oxford
  • B.A. Summa Cum Laude, Spelman College


Civic Education in an Age of Mass Migration, Teachers College Press (forthcoming 2021)



The Continuing Legacy of the National Origin Quotas, 27 J. of Race, Gender & Social Justice 1 (2020)

Precarious Citizenship: Asian Immigrant Naturalization 1918 to 1925, 37 Law & Inequality 149 (2019)

  • Reprinted in 24-13 Bender’s Immigr. Bull. 01 (2019).

Respectability & the Quest for Citizenship, 83 Brooklyn L. Rev. 1 (2017)

Bringing Culture Back: Immigrants’ Citizenship Rights In The Twenty-First Century, 57 Santa Clara L. Rev. (2017)

The Normative & Historical Cases for Proportional Deportation, 62 Emory L.J. 1243-1307 (2013)

  • Reprinted in 34 Immigr. & Nat’lity L. Rev. 433 (2013) (anthology of seminal articles on immigration law from the prior year)

Members Only: Undocumented Students & In-State Tuition, 2013 B.Y.U. L. Rev. 1425-1455 (2013) (invited symposium)

The Curious Relationship Between “Self-Deportation” Policies and Naturalization Rates, 16 Lewis & Clark L. Rev. 1149-1213 (2012)

Deporting Families: Political Question or Legal Issue?, 27 Ga. State. U. Law Rev. 489-563 (2011)

The Trouble with Treaties: Immigration & Judicial Review, 84 St. John’s Law Rev. 1219-1271 (2010)

Proportional Deportation, 55 Wayne L. Rev. 1651-1682 (2009) (invited symposium)

CEDAW, Compliance, and Custom: Human Rights Enforcement in Sub-Saharan Africa, 32 Fordham Int’l Law J. 781-845 (2009)

Expanding Participation in Constitution Making: Challenges and Opportunities, 49 Wm & Mary L. R. 1043-1069 (2008) (invited symposium)

Challenging Political Boundaries in Post-Conflict States, 29 U. Penn. J. Int’l L. 105-168 (2007)

Moderating Politics in Post-Conflict States: An Examination of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 10 UCLA J. Int’l L. & Foreign Aff. 1-65 (2005)


Book Chapters

Education in Times of Mass Migration in VISIONING MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE (H. Prentice Baptiste & Jeanette Haynes Writer, eds. 2020)

Citizenship, Culture, & Race in the United States in Citizenship Education and Global Migration: Implications for Theory, Research, and Teaching (James A. Banks, ed. 2017)

Closing the Schoolhouse Doors: State Efforts to Limit K-12 Education for Unauthorized Migrants in The Resegregation of Schools: Race and Education in the Twenty-First Century (Jamel K. Donnor & Adrienne D. Dixson, eds. 2013)


Shorter Works

Long-Term Residence as Evidence of De Facto Membership, JOTWELL (May 21, 2020)

  • Reviewing Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia, Americans In Waiting: Finding Solutions for Long Term Residents, 46 Notre Dame J. Leg. 29 (2019)

Citizenship in Africa: The Law of Belonging, 68 Am. J. Comparative L. 468 (2020)

  • Reviewing Bronwen Manby, Citizenship In Africa: The Law Of Belonging (Hart Publishing 2018)

The Need for Facts in Immigration Policymaking, JOTWELL (June 6, 2018)

  • Reviewing Ming H. Chen, Leveraging Social Science Expertise in Immigration Policymaking, 112 Northwestern L. Rev. Online (forthcoming 2018)

Protecting The Right To Family Life In Immigration Law, JOTWELL (October 16, 2017)

  • Reviewing Kerry Abrams, Family Reunification and the Security State, Constitutional Commentary (forthcoming 2017)

Undocumented Migrants and International Law, JOTWELL (June 30, 2016)

  • Reviewing Jaya Ramji-Nogales, “The Right to Have Rights”: Undocumented Migrants and State Protection, 63 Kan. L. Rev. 1045 (2015)

Cultural Narratives and Legal Rights, JOTWELL (September 9, 2015)

  • Reviewing Jennifer J. Lee, Outsiders Looking In: Advancing the Immigrant Worker Movement Through Strategic Mainstreaming, 2014 Utah L. Rev. 1063 (2015)

The Substantive Criteria Underlying Birthright Citizenship, JOTWELL (June 6, 2014)

  • Reviewing D. Carolina Núñez, Beyond Blood and Borders: Finding Meaning in Birthright Citizenship, 78 Brooklyn L. Rev. 835 (2013)

Introduction: Noncitizen Participation in the American Polity, 21 Wm & Mary Bill Rts J. 333-337 (2012)

Sovereignty, Deference, and Deportation: Allocating and Enforcing Immigrants’ Rights in the United States and Europe, 103 Am. Soc’y Int’l L. Proc. 227-229 (2009)

Participatory Constitution Making in Post-Conflict States, 101 Am. Soc’y Int’l L. Proc. 138-141 (2007)

Carla Del Ponte: Her Retrospective of Four Years in The Hague, 6 Int’l L. Forum 37-42 (2004)

The Growing Impact of Non-State Actors on the International and European Legal Systems, 5 Int’l L. Forum 293-299 (2003)

The Relationship Between Equality and Access in Law School Admissions, 113 Harv. L. Rev. 1449-1466 (2000) (Note)

The Supreme Court 1998 Term — Civil Rights Act of 1991 — Employer Liability for Punitive Damages in Title VII Claims: Kolstad v. American Dental Association, 119 S. Ct. 2118 (1999), 113 Harv. L. Rev. 359-368 (1999) (Supreme Case Comment)

Foreign Affairs Power — The Massachusetts Burma Law is Found to Encroach on the Federal Government’s Exclusive Constitutional Authority to Regulate Foreign Affairs. — National Foreign Trade Council v. Baker, 26 F. Supp. 2d 287 (D. Mass. 1998), 112 Harv. L. Rev. 2013-2018 (1999) (Recent Case Comment)


Spring 2021
Course NumberCourse Title
LAW 706Immigration Law
LAW 781Independent Study
LAW 791Seminar
Fall 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
LAW 515Contracts
LAW 735Teaching Assistant
LAW 781Independent Study
Spring 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
LAW 706Immigration Law
LAW 791Seminar
Fall 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
LAW 735Teaching Assistant
LAW 791Seminar
Spring 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
HON 494Special Topics
LAW 706Immigration Law
LAW 791Seminar
Fall 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
LAW 515Contracts
LAW 735Teaching Assistant
LAW 791Seminar
Spring 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
LAW 706Immigration Law
LAW 781Independent Study
LAW 791Seminar
Fall 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
LAW 515Contracts
LAW 735Teaching Assistant
Honors / Awards: 

Plumeri Award for Faculty Excellence, College of William & Mary (2005)

British Marshall Scholarship (1995)