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Andrew Maynard

Professor
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 5603
Senior Sustainability Scholar
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 5603
Biography

Andrew Maynard's research and professional activities focus on risk innovation, and the responsible development and use of emerging technologies. He is especially interested in novel approaches to understanding and addressing risk; effective approaches to developing socially responsive, responsible and beneficial technologies; understanding and responding to the increasingly complex couplings between converging technologies and society; and effective science communication and engagement – particularly through social media. As director of the ASU Risk Innovation Lab, he is exploring novel ways of understanding, thinking about and acting on risk from an entrepreneurial and innovation perspective. Here, his work involves understanding how risk as a “threat to value” shapes evolving risk landscapes around emerging technologies – especially where the value under threat is social, cultural and personal – and how creativity and serendipity can reveal new approaches to navigating these landscapes. 

Professor Maynard is widely published in the academic press and in public media. His peer review papers stretch from physics and toxicology to risk perception, governance, and policy. He also previously contributed to a regular column in the journal Nature Nanotechnology, and the column “Edge of Innovation” on the news and commentary website The Conversation. In addition, he directs and produces the YouTube science education channel “Risk Bites”. His first popular science and technology book, Films from the Future: The Technology and Morality of Sci-Fi Movies, will be published in November 2018.

Professor Maynard's science training is in physics – specializing in nanoparticle analysis – and for many years he conducted and led research on aerosol exposure in occupational settings. In the early 2000’s he became increasingly involved in guiding U.S. federal initiatives supporting nanotechnology research and development, and in addressing potential risks. In 2005 he became chief science advisor for the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies (and later the Synthetic Biology Project) at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and for five years helped inform national and global initiatives addressing the responsible development of nanotechnology.  Over this period, he became increasingly interested in science communication and science policy, and began working closely with academics, policy makers, industry, non-government organizations, and journalists, on science-informed decision making. This interest continued between 2010-2015 as director of the University of Michigan Risk Science Center, and chair of the Environmental Health Sciences Department. In 2015 he joined the faculty of ASU's School for the Future of Innovation in Society to continue his work and collaborations on socially responsible, responsible and beneficial research and development. 

 

Education
  • Ph.D. Aerosol Physics. Microstructural Physics Department, Cavendish Laboratory. Thesis: Ultrafine aerosol particle collection and analysis, University of Cambridge, U.K. (1989 – 1992)
  • B.Sc. Physics (Hons): Iii. University of Birmingham, U.K (1984 - 1987)

 

Videos
ASU KEDtalk: Risk is not just a four letter word
Audio
Future Out Loud podcast
Research Interests

Responsible innovation, including:

Risk Innovation, Responsible Research & Innovation (RRI), Entrepreneureship and Innovation, Sustainable innovation, Governance of emerging technologies, Public engagement and communication

Technological Convergence and society, including:

Converging technologies, Fourth Industrial Revolution, Ethics and technology innovation, Governance of emerging technologies, Responsible technological innovation, Science and technology policy and regulation

Specific Emerging Technologies and societal implications, including:

Autonomous Vehicles, Additive Manufacturing, Advanced materials, Artificial Intelligence, Gene Editing, Geoengineering, Internet of Things, Nanotechnology, Neurotechnologies, Synthetic Biology

Communication, education and engagement, including:

Risk Communication, Science Communication, Public Engagement, Science of science communication, Working with media, Social media, Casual learners, Informal Education, YouTube as an emerging science communication channel, User-centric communication and engagement, Use of science fiction movies in communication engagement and education.

Public Health, including:

Risk, Risk Assessment, Policy, Communication, Engagement, Impacts of emerging technologies, Workplace health and safety

 

 

 

 

Research Group

Risk Innovation Lab - https://riskinnovation.asu.edu/

The Risk Innovation Lab brings together faculty, students and staff at ASU to explore new ways of approaching and acting on risks. We have eclectic interests – ranging from health, environment and well-being, to policy, governance, and responsible innovation, to equity, sustainability, and security. Underpinning everything though is the realization that, in today’s increasingly complex and interconnected world, creative and innovative approaches to risk are essential if we are to build a better, more equitable future.

The Lab has its roots in a growing realization that current ways of handling risk fall far short of emerging challenges that are being driven by social, economic, political and technological innovation. This is seen in areas such as nanotechnology and gene editing, where technological capabilities far outstrip our collective understanding of how to make smart decisions, and even what “smart” means here.

As new capabilities emerge, from autonomous vehicles and radically new transportation systems such as the “hyperloop”, to cloud-based artificial intelligence, creativity and innovation are needed in how we understand and act on decisions that are impacted by risks, benefits and tradeoffs. These challenges extend to social innovation, where changes in how we live and interact have potentially profound impacts on health, well-being and equity. The same applies to political and economic innovation, where what we can achieve as individuals and society far outstrips our understanding of potential consequences, and how to ensure they are beneficial.

Publications

Google Scholar Page

ORCID

TEN MOST CITED PUBLICATIONS

Poland, C. A., R. Duffin, I. Kinloch, A. Maynard, W. A. H. Wallace, A. Seaton, V. Stone, S. Brown, W. MacNee and K. Donaldson (2008). "Carbon nanotubes introduced into the abdominal cavity of mice show asbestos-like pathogenicity in a pilot study." Nature Nanotechnology 3: 423-428. (2334 citations, 8/4/18)

Oberdörster, G., A. Maynard, K. Donaldson, V. Castranova, J. Fitzpatrick, K. Ausman, J. Carter, B. Karn, W. Kreyling, D. Lai, S. Olin, N. Monteiro-Riviere, D. Warheit and H. Yang (2005). "Principles for characterizing the potential human health effects from exposure to nanomaterials: elements of a screening strategy." Part. Fiber Toxicol. 2(8): doi:10.1186/1743-8977-1182-1188. (1936 citations, 8/4/18)

Maynard, A. D., R. J. Aitken, T. Butz, V. Colvin, K. Donaldson, G. Oberdörster, M. A. Philbert, J. Ryan, A. Seaton, V. Stone, S. S. Tinkle, L. Tran, N. J. Walker and D. B. Warheit (2006). "Safe handling of nanotechnology." Nature 444(16): 267-269. (2449 citations, 8/4/18)

Shvedova, A. A., E. R. Kisin, R. Mercer, A. R. Murray, V. J. Johnson, A. I. Potapovich, Y. Y. Tyurina, O. Gorelik, S. Arepalli, D. Schwegler-Berry, A. F. Hubbs, J. Antonini, D. E. Evans, B. K. Ku, D. Ramsey, A. Maynard, V. E. Kagan, V. Castranova and P. Baron (2005). "Unusual inflammatory and fibrogenic pulmonary responses to single-walled carbon nanotubes in mice." Am. J. Physiol.-Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol. 289: 698-708. (1344 citations, 8/4/18)

Shvedova, A. A., E. R. Kisin, A. R. Murray, V. Z. Gandelsman, A. D. Maynard, P. A. Baron and V. Castranova (2003). "Exposure to carbon nanotube material: Assessment of the biological effects of nanotube materials using human keratinocyte cells." J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 66(20): 1909-1926. (1323 citations, 8/4/18)

Elder, A., R. Gelein, V. Silva, T. Feikert, L. Opanashuk, J. Carter, R. Potter, A. Maynard, J. Finkelstein and G. Oberdorster (2006). "Translocation of inhaled ultrafine manganese oxide particles to the central nervous system." Environmental Health Perspectives 114(8): 1172-1178. (906 citations, 8/4/18)

Maynard, A. D., P. A. Baron, M. Foley, A. A. Shvedova, E. R. Kisin and V. Castranova (2004). "Exposure to Carbon Nanotube Material:  Aerosol Release During the Handling of Unrefined Single Walled Carbon Nanotube Material." J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 67(1): 87-107. (851 citations, 8/4/18)

Shvedova, A. A., E. Kisin, A. R. Murray, V. J. Johnson, O. Gorelik, S. Arepalli, A. F. Hubbs, R. R. Mercer, P. Keohavong, N. Sussman, J. Jin, J. Yin, S. Stone, B. T. Chen, G. Deye, A. Maynard, V. Castranova, P. A. Baron and V. E. Kagan (2008). "Inhalation vs. aspiration of single-walled carbon nanotubes in C57BL/6 mice: inflammation, fibrosis, oxidative stress, and mutagenesis." Am. J. Physiol.-Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol. 295: L552-L565.(580 citations, 8/4/18)

Maynard, A. D. and E. D. Kuempel (2005). "Airborne nanostructured particles and occupational health." Journal Of Nanoparticle Research 7(6): 587-614. (555 citations 8/4/18)

Tsuji, J. S., A. D. Maynard, P. C. Howard, J. T. James, C. W. Lam, D. B. Warheit and A. B. Santamaria (2006). "Research strategies for safety evaluation of nanomaterials, part IV: Risk assessment of nanoparticles." Toxicological Sciences 89(1): 42-50. (481 citations. 8/4/18)

 

TEN MOST RECENT PUBLICATIONS (ACADEMIC JOURNALS)

Finkel, A. M., et al. (2018). "A “solution-focused” comparative risk assessment of conventional and synthetic biology approaches to control mosquitoes carrying the dengue fever virus." Environment Systems and Decisions 38(2): 177-197.

Maynard, A. D. (2018). "Thinking Differently about Risk." Astrobiology 18(2).

Hansen, S. F., R. Hjorth, L. M. Skjolding, D. M. Bowman, A. Maynard and A. Baun (2017). "A critical analysis of the environmental dossiers from the OECD sponsorship programme for the testing of manufactured nanomaterials." Environmental Science: Nano: 4, 282-291.

Maynard, A. D. and R. J. Aitken (2016). "'Safe handling of nanotechnology' ten years on." Nature Nanotechnology 11: 998-1000.

Maynard, A. D., D. M. Bowman and J. G. Hodge Jr (2016). "Mitigating Risks to Pregnant Teens from Zika Virus." The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 44(4): 657-659.

Maynard, A. D. (2016). "Is nanotech failing casual learners?" Nature Nanotechnology 11(9): 734-735.

Lewis, R. C., R. Hauser, A. D. Maynard, R. L. Neitzel, L. Wang, R. Kavet, P. Morey, J. B. Ford, J. D. Meeker and R. Dadd (2016). "Personal Measures Of Power-Frequency Magnetic Field Exposure Among Men From An Infertility Clinic: Distribution, Temporal Variability And Correlation With Their Female Partners' exposure." Radiation protection dosimetry 172(4): 401-408.

Wilding, L. A., C. M. Bassis, K. Walacavage, S. Hashway, P. R. Leroueil, M. Morishita, A. D. Maynard, M. A. Philbert and I. L. Bergin (2016). "Repeated dose (28-day) administration of silver nanoparticles of varied size and coating does not significantly alter the indigenous murine gut microbiome." Nanotoxicology 10(5): 513-520.

Lewis, R. C., R. Hauser, A. D. Maynard, R. L. Neitzel, L. Wang, R. Kavet and J. D. Meeker (2016). "Exposure to Power-Frequency Magnetic Fields and the Risk of Infertility and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: Update on the Human Evidence and Recommendations for Future Study Designs." Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part B: Critical Reviews 19(1): 29-45.

Wilding, L. A., C. M. Bassis, K. Walacavage, S. Hashway, P. R. Leroueil, M. Morishita, A. D. Maynard, M. A. Philbert and I. L. Bergin (2016). "Repeated dose (28-day) administration of silver nanoparticles of varied size and coating does not significantly alter the indigenous murine gut microbiome." Nanotoxicology 10(5): 513-520.

 

FIVE MOST RECENT BOOKS AND BOOK CHAPTERS

Maynard A (2018) Films from the Future: The Technology and Morality of Sci-Fi Movies. Mango Publishing

Maynard, A. D. (2017). Rethinking Risk. In: Visions, Venures, Escape Velocities: A collection of Space Futures. Eds. E. Finn and J. Eschrich. ASU, Tempe.

Maynard, A. D. and J. Stilgoe, Eds. (2017). The Ethics of Nanotechnology, Geoengineering and Clean Technology. The Library of Essays on the Ethics of Emerging Technologies. London, Routlege.

Maynard, A. D. and J. Stilgoe (2017). The Ethics of Noumenal Technologies. In The Ethics of Nanotechnology, Geoengineering and Clean Technology. Eds. A. D. Maynard and J. Stilgoe. London, Routlege.

Maynard, A. D. (2014). Exploring boundaries around the safe use of advanced materials: A prospective product-based case studies approach. In Nanotechnology environmental health and safety.  Risks, regulations and management. Second Edition. Eds. M. Hull and D. Bowman. Kidlington, Oxford, William Andrews.

Hansen, S. F., A. Maynard, A. Baun, J. A. Tickner and D. M. Bowman (2013). Nanotechnology — early lessons from early warnings. In Late lessons from early warnings: science, precaution, innovation, European Environment Agency: 562 - 591.

 

TEN MOST RECENT EDITORIALS/OPINION ARTICLES

Maynard (2018) "Nanotechnology: sifting the science from what Elon Musk calls 'BS'" Australian Broadcasting Company. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-05-30/nanotechnology-elon-musk-bs-science-nanometres/9810978

Maynard (2018) "After the Tempe Uber Fatality, the Future of Self-Driving Cars is at a Crossroads" Newsweek. https://www.newsweek.com/uber-self-driving-car-tempe-arizona-opinion-856056

Maynard (2018) "Hold Off Dyeing Your Hair With Graphene Nanoparticles" Discover Magazine. http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2018/03/20/graphene-nanoparticle-hair-dye/#.W2WmQdhKjOQ 

Flegal and Maynard (2017) ‘Geostorm’ movie shows dangers of hacking the climate – we need to talk about real-world geoengineering now. The Conversation US. https://theconversation.com/geostorm-movie-shows-dangers-of-hacking-the-climate-we-need-to-talk-about-real-world-geoengineering-now-85866 (republished in a number of outlets, including Popular Science)

Maynard (2017) Elon Musk’s Sexy Spacesuit Is One Giant Leap for Space Tourism. Fortune. http://fortune.com/2017/08/24/spacex-spacesuit-elon-musk-design-space/

Maynard (2017) Dear Elon Musk: Your dazzling Mars plan overlooks some big nontechnical hurdles. The Conversation US. https://theconversation.com/dear-elon-musk-your-dazzling-mars-plan-overlooks-some-big-nontechnical-hurdles-84948 (republished in a number of outlets, including the Chicago Tribune)

Szejda and Maynard (2017) Is lead in the US food supply decreasing our IQ? The Conversation US. https://theconversation.com/is-lead-in-the-us-food-supply-decreasing-our-iq-79481 

Garbee and Maynard (2017) In Praise of Self-Driving Cars and Fender-Benders. Slate Future Tense. http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2017/04/fender_benders_tell_us_more_about_self_driving_cars_than_the_trolley_problem.html

Stilgoe and Maynard (2017) It's time for some messy, democratic discussions about the future of AI. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/science/political-science/2017/feb/01/ai-artificial-intelligence-its-time-for-some-messy-democratic-discussions-about-the-future

Maynard (2016) In a Post-Truth World, how should we communicate about science? US News & World Report (reposted from The Conversation) http://www.usnews.com/news/national-news/articles/2016-12-13/what-does-research-say-about-how-to-effectively-communicate-about-science

Research Activity

Bowman, Diana and Maynard, Andrew. Center for Research on Ingredient Safety (CRIS) - a Michigan State University-based center where we are collaborating on publics communication around the science of ingredient safety.

Westerhoff,Paul*, Alford,Terry Lynn, Brown,Albert Frederick, Carberry,Adam Robert, Chan,Candace Kay, Fox,Peter, Honsberg,Christiana B, Hristovski,Kiril D, Lind,Mary Laura, Maynard,Andrew, Perreault,Francois, Thangavelautham,Jekanthan. NSF Nanosystems Engineering Research Center for Off-Grid Nanotechnology Enabled Water Treatment (NEWT). RICE UNIVERSITY(8/1/2015 - 10/30/2016).

Fall 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
FIS 332Risk and the Future
HSD 584Internship
HSD 593Applied Project
HSD 595Continuing Registration
Summer 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
HSD 584Internship
HSD 593Applied Project
HSD 595Continuing Registration
Spring 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
FIS 394Special Topics
HSD 502Adv Science &Technology Policy
POS 572Adv Science &Technology Policy
HSD 584Internship
HSD 595Continuing Registration
Fall 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
FIS 332Risk and the Future
HSD 584Internship
HSD 595Continuing Registration
Summer 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
HSD 584Internship
HSD 593Applied Project
HSD 595Continuing Registration
Spring 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
HSD 502Adv Science &Technology Policy
POS 572Adv Science &Technology Policy
HSD 584Internship
HSD 593Applied Project
HSD 595Continuing Registration
HSD 598Special Topics
Fall 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
FIS 332Risk and the Future
HSD 584Internship
HSD 590Reading and Conference
HSD 593Applied Project
HSD 595Continuing Registration
Summer 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
HSD 584Internship
HSD 593Applied Project
HSD 595Continuing Registration
Spring 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
HSD 502Adv Science &Technology Policy
POS 572Adv Science &Technology Policy
Fall 2015
Course NumberCourse Title
PAF 591Seminar
SOS 598Special Topics
HSD 598Special Topics
CEE 598Special Topics
Work History

Arizona State University (8/3/15 - Present)
Professor, School for the Future of Innovation in Society 8/3/15 - Present
Director, Risk Innovation Lab 8/3/15 - Present

University of Michigan (4/1/10 – 7/30/15)
Professor, Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health 9/1/10 – 7/30/15
Director, University of Michigan Risk Science Center 4/1/10 – 7/30/15
Chair, Department of Environmental Health Sciences 6/1/12 – 11/30/14
NSF International Chair of Environmental Health Sciences 1/1/13 – 11/30/14
Charles and Rita Gelman Professor of Risk Science 9/1/10 - 12/31/12

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (8/15/05 – 3/31/10)
Chief Science Advisor, Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies
Science Advisor, Synthetic Biology Project

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (1/18/00 – 7/8/05)
Team Leader – Aerosols Research Team (GS15) 1/1/04 – 7/8/05
Senior Service Fellow (GS14). (2000 – 2004) 1/18/00 – 1/1/04

Health and Safety Executive, U.K. (9/21/92 – 1/17/00)
Head, Exposure Control Section, Health and Safety Laboratory 9/1/98 – 1/17/00
Senior Scientific Officer (1994 – 1998) 9/1/94 – 9/1/98
Higher Scientific Officer (1992 – 1994) 9/21/92 – 9/1/94

Severn Trent Water Ltd., U.K. (1/10/87 – 1/10/89)
Management Trainee.

Service

TESTIMONY

President’s Council on Science and Technology (PCAST)
Invited briefing on nanotechnology. November 1 2011.

Wisconsin Assembly Committee on Public Health
Informational hearing on nanotechnology, potential impacts and regulation. October 2009

National Organics Standards Board Materials Committee
Comments on Proposed Recommendations for Nanotechnology in Organic Production and Processing May 2009.

U.K. House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology.
Written evidence to the Inquiry into the use of nanotechnology in the food sector. March 2009.

Food and Drug Administration.
Public meeting on FDA-regulated products that may contain nanoscale materials. September 8 2008.

U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technology.
Hearing on The National Nanotechnology Initiative Amendments Act of 2008. Invited testimony. April 16 2008.

U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science and Technology, Subcommittee on Research and Science Education.
Hearing on Research on Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology: Current Status of Planning and Implementation under the National nanotechnology Initiative. Invited testimony. October 31 2007.

U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science.
Hearing on Research on Environmental and Safety Impacts of Nanotechnology: What Are the Federal Agencies Doing? Invited testimony. September 21 2006.

President’s Council on Science and Technology (PCAST)
Public Meeting on Nanotechnology. Invited briefing. June 25 2007.

President’s Council on Bioethics.
 Invited briefing on nanotechnology. June 29 2007.

Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Subcommittee, National Science and Technology Council, Committee on Technology;
Research Needs and Priorities Related to the Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanoscale Materials: Public Meeting. Submitted testimony. January 4 2007.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Consideration of FDA-Regulated Products That May Contain Nanoscale Materials; Public Meeting. Submitted testimony. September 9 2008.

European Food Safety Authority
Written comments on nanomaterials and nanotechnology and food and feeds. March 2008.

Congressional Nanotechnology Caucus.
General Briefing on Nanotechnology. Chair. March 3 2007.

 

BOARDS AND COMMITTEES

Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 2017 - Present
Member of the President’s Research Council

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2015-Present
AAAS Early Career Award for Public Engagement with Science Selection Committee

International Life Science Institute North America, 2012-Present
ILSI North America Board of Trustees

World Economic Forum, 2008-Present
Council on the Future of Technology, Values and Policy (2016 – present) Global Agenda Council on Emerging Technologies. (2008 – 2014)
Chair of the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on Emerging Technologies. (2010 – 2011)
Co-chair, World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on Nanotechnology (2014 – 2016).
Metacouncil on Emerging Technologies (2014 – 2016)
Advisory Committee, World Economic Forum Technology Pioneers (2012 – Present)

Nature Nanotechnology Advisory Panel, 2017 - Present
Advisory group to the editor on developing content on the relationship between technology and society

United Nations Expert Group on Exponential Technological Change, 2016-2017
New group addressing exponential technological change, automation, and policy implications for sustainable development

National Academy of Sciences Committees, 2008 - 2017
National Academy of Sciences Planning Committee on New Technologies and Engagement Approaches to Enhance Research on the Communication about Individual Environmental Health Data. (2016)
National Academy of Sciences Committee on the Science of Science Communication (2015 – 2016)
National Academy of Sciences Committee to develop a research strategy for environmental, health, and safety aspects of engineered nanomaterials (2010 – 2013) National Academy of Sciences review panel for the National Nanotechnology Initiative Strategy for Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety Research (2008)

RELATE, 2015 - Present
Faculty Advisor

Center for Policy on Emerging Technologies, 2012 - 2017
Senior Fellow

Dow Distinguished Faculty Fellows, 2013 - 2015
Member, University of Michigan Dow Distinguished Faculty Fellows

Center for Nanotechnology in Society, ASU, 2012 - 2015
Member, Board of Visitors

Graham Sustainability Institute, University of Michigan, 2012 - 2015
Member, Executive Committee

Center for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology, 2009 - 2016
Chair, External Advisory Board

Nanoscale Informal Science Education Network, 2009 - 2015
Advisory board member

Environmental Protection Agency, 2008
Chair, External Peer Review of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Draft Nanomaterial Research Strategy

Council of Canadian Academies, 2007
Expert Panel on Nanotechnology Assessment

President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, 2010 - 2012
Member of the Nanotechnology Working Group

President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, 2006 - 2009
Member of the Nanotechnology Technical Advisory Group

Chemical & Engineering News, 2008 - 2011
Advisory Board member

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2005 - 2007
Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials. Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies representative.

International Council On Nanotechnology (ICON), 2004 - 2011
Executive Committee member