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Shannon Ringenbach

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Assoc Professor
Faculty w/Admin Appointment, DTPHX Campus, Mailcode 9020
Assoc Professor
Faculty w/Admin Appointment, DTPHX Campus, Mailcode 9020
Biography

Shannon D. Ringenbach, BPe, MSc, PhD
Associate Professor

Education

  • PhD - Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 1998
    Specializing in motor control, motor development and motor learning
  • MSc - McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, 1993
    Human Biodynamics specializling in motor control and motor learning
  • BPe - McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, 1991

Honors/Awards

2015                            Excellence in Research Award                                              NASPSPA

2014                            Apple Polisher Award                                                 Devils Advocates ASU

2014                            Super Mentor                                                              BUILDing SCHOLARS Grant

2012                            Outstanding Professor Award                                    Order of Omega

2011                            Nominated for Professor of the Year                               ASU Parents Association

2010                            Nominated for teaching award                                               CLAS, ASU

2009                            Special Recognition for Professor of the Year                       ASU

2008                            Featured as Arizona’s Leading Women Scientists        Phoenix Woman Magazine

2006                            Research Career Award                                     World Down Syndrome Congress

2005                            Early Career Distinguished Scholar (nomination)                  NASPSPA

                        2003 - 2004     ASASU Centennial Professor (see internal grants)           Arizona State University

Research Interests

The Sensorimotor Development Research  Lab  is currently investigating Assisted Cycle Therapy (ACT) and its effects on motor, cognitive, physical and mental health in a variety of neurological populations (e.g., Down syndrome, ADHD, ASD, Stroke, etc.).

Publications

Last 5 Years:

  1. Chen, C-C. & Ringenbach, S. D. R. (in press). The Association between Physical Activity and Sleep Disorders in Adolescents and Young Adults in Down Syndrome: A Questionnaire Study. Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and Care
  2. Ringenbach, SDR, DHolzapfel SD, Mulvey, GM, UGJimenez, A, UGBenson, A., & Richter, M. The effects of Assisted Cycling Therapy (ACT) and voluntary cycling on reaction time and measures of executive function in adolescents with Down syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. (Impact factor: 2.41)
  3. DChen,C-C., & Ringenbach, S. D. R. (2016). Dose-response relationship between intensity of exercise and cognitive performance in individuals with Down syndrome: A preliminary study. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60(6), 606-614..
  4. Ringenbach, S.D.R., DHolzapfel, S.D., Mulvey, G.M., UGJimenez, A., UGBenson, A., & DBirchfield, N. (in press).  The effects of assisted cycling therapy (ACT) on reaction time, executive function and language fluency in adolescents with Down syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities.
  5. DChen, C-C., & Ringenbach, S.D.R. (in press). A Pilot study of Test–Retest reliability of the Purdue pegboard test in adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome.  Journal of Motor Learning and Development.
  6. DChen, C.-C.(JJ), UGKelsey, A., DMulvey, G.M., & Ringenbach, S.D.R. (in press). Examining the Davidson's Model via an exercise variable in individuals with intellectual disabilities, International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 62(1), 70-75.
  7. Ringenbach, S. D. R., UGLichtsinn, K. C. & DHolzapfel, S. D. (2015). Assisted cycle therapy (ACT) improves inhibition in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 40(4), 376-387.
  8. DChen, C-C, & Ringenbach S.D.R. (in press). The effect of an acute bout of aerobic exercise on cognitive control in adults with Down syndrome.  Mental Health and Physical Activity.
  9. DChen, C.-C., Ringenbach, S. D. R., UGBiwer, A., UGRiekena, A. (2015). Cerebral lateralization of the EEG during perceptual-motor integration in young adults with Down syndrome.  Brazilian Journal of Motor Control, 9(1), 1-7.
  10. DHolazpfel, S.D., Ringenbach, S.D.R., Mulvey, G.M., UGSandoval-Menendez, A.M., UGCook, M.R., UGGanger, R.O., & UGBennett, K. (2015).  Improvements in manual dexterity relate to improvements in cognitive planning after assisted cycling therapy (ACT) in adolescents with Down syndrome.  Research in Developmental Disabilities, 45-46, 261-270.
  11. DChen, C-C., Crews, D., UGMundt, S., Ringenbach, S.D.R. (2015). Effects of equine-assisted activity on frontal EEG asymmetry in young children with autism spectrum disorder: A pilot study. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 61(1), 56-59. 
  12. DChen, C.-C., Ringenbach, SDR, Crews, D, Kulinna, PH, and Amazeen, EL (2015), The association between a single bout of moderate physical activity and executive function in young adults with Down syndrome: a preliminary study. J Intellect Disabil Res, 59, 589–598. doi: 10.1111/jir.12163.
  13. Ringenbach, S. D. R., UGZimmerman, K., DChen, C.C., DMulvey, G. M., & DHolzapfel, S. D. Weeks, D. J., & Thaut, H. H. (2014).  Adults with Down syndrome performed repetitive movements fast with continuous music cues.  Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 2(3), 47-54.* Excellence in Research Award
  14. DChen, C-C., & Ringenbach, S.D.R (2014). The Association between sleep disorders and fine manual dexterity in young adults with Down syndrome. Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and Care, 3(2), 1-4. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2325-9639.1000132
  15. Ringenbach, S. D. R., UGAlbert, A. R., DChen,J.J., Alberts, J. L. (2014).  Acute bouts of assisted cycling improves cognitive and upper extremity movement functions in adolescents with Down syndrome.  Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 52(5), 124-135.
  16. DChen, C-C., Ringenbach, S.D.R, & UGSnow, M. (2014). Treadmill walking effects on grip strength in young men with Down syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35(2), 288-293.
  17. DChen CC, Ringenbach SD, UGAlbert AR. (2014). Assisted cycling exercise improves fine manual dexterity in persons with Down syndrome.  Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 27(3), 264-272.
  18. DChen, C-C (JJ) , Ringenbach, S.D.R., UGAlbert, A., & MSemken, K. (2014). Fine motor control is related to cognitive control in adolescents with Down syndrome. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 61(1), 6-15.
  19. Ringenbach, S. D. R., MBonertz, C., & Maraj, B. K. V. (2014).  Relatedness of auditory instructions is important for motor performance in persons with Down syndrome.  Journal on Developmental Disabilities, 20(1), 84-91.
  20. DChen, C-C., Ringenbach, S.D.R., UGSnow, M., & UGHunt, L.M. (2013). Validity of a pictorial rate of perceived exertion scale for monitoring exercise intensity in young adults with Down syndrome. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 59(1), 1-10.
  21. Ringenbach, S. D. R., DChen, C. C., DMulvey, G. M., & DJung, M. L. (2012). Unimanual and bimanual continuous movements benefit from visual instructions in persons with Down syndrome.  Journal of Motor Behavior, 44(4), 233-239.
  22. DMulvey, G. M., Ringenbach, S. D. R., & MJung, M. (2011).  Reversal of handedness effects on bimanual coordination in adults with Down syndrome.  Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 55(10), 998-1007.
  23. Ringenbach, S. D. R., Van Gemmert, A. W. A., Shill, H. A. & Stelmach, G. E.  (2011). Unimanual and bimanual drawing are performed accurately using auditory instructions in Parkinson’s disease patients.  Human Movement Science, 30(4), 770-782.
  24. DB. Wipfli, D. Landers, C. Nagoshi, & S. D. Ringenbach (2011).  An Examination of Serotonin and Psychological Variables in the Relationship Between Exercise and Mental Health.  Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 21(3), 474-481.
Research Activity
  • Ringenbach,Shannon Dora*, Mcclain,Darya Denise. Assisted Cycle Therapy (ACT) for Adolescents with Down Syndrome. HHS-NIH-NICHD(7/9/2012 - 6/30/2015).
  • Ringenbach,Shannon Dora*. The Effect of Music on Motor Cognitive and Affect Functions for People with Down Syndrome in Music-Based Exercise. (5/1/2011 - 11/30/2012).
  • Ringenbach,Shannon Dora*. Music & Movement in Down Syndrome: Examination of intra and interhemispheric .....with Down Syndrome. JEROME LEGEUNE FDN(6/30/2009 - 6/29/2011).
  • Ringenbach,Shannon Dora*. Music and Movement in Persons with Down Syndrome. JEROME LEGEUNE FDN(7/1/2007 - 8/31/2009).
  • Ringenbach,Shannon Dora*. Perceptual-Motor Tasks in Adults with Down Syndrome. HHS-NIH-NICHD(4/1/2005 - 9/30/2007).
  • Ringenbach,Shannon Dora*. PERCEPTUAL-MOTOR BEHAVIOR IN DOWN SYNDROME. MCMASTER UNIVERSITY(1/1/1999 - 6/30/2002).
Spring 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 422Motor Control/Spcl Populations
BIO 492Honors Directed Study
KIN 492Honors Directed Study
BIO 493Honors Thesis
KIN 493Honors Thesis
KIN 494Special Topics
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
Fall 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 345Motor & Developmental Learning
HON 492Honors Directed Study
KIN 492Honors Directed Study
KIN 493Honors Thesis
BIO 493Honors Thesis
HON 493Honors Thesis
KIN 494Special Topics
HON 498Pro-Seminar
HON 499Individualized Instruction
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
NUR 799Dissertation
Summer 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 345Motor & Developmental Learning
Spring 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 422Motor Control/Spcl Populations
HON 492Honors Directed Study
KIN 492Honors Directed Study
BIO 492Honors Directed Study
HON 493Honors Thesis
BIO 493Honors Thesis
KIN 493Honors Thesis
KIN 494Special Topics
HON 498Pro-Seminar
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
HON 499Individualized Instruction
NUR 690Reading and Conference
Fall 2015
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 345Motor & Developmental Learning
KIN 492Honors Directed Study
HON 492Honors Directed Study
BIO 492Honors Directed Study
HON 493Honors Thesis
KIN 494Special Topics
HON 498Pro-Seminar
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
HON 499Individualized Instruction
Summer 2015
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 345Motor & Developmental Learning
Spring 2015
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 422Motor Control/Spcl Populations
KIN 492Honors Directed Study
HON 492Honors Directed Study
BIO 493Honors Thesis
HON 493Honors Thesis
KIN 493Honors Thesis
HON 498Pro-Seminar
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
HON 499Individualized Instruction
Fall 2014
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 345Motor & Developmental Learning
KIN 492Honors Directed Study
HON 492Honors Directed Study
BIO 492Honors Directed Study
HON 493Honors Thesis
KIN 493Honors Thesis
HON 498Pro-Seminar
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
HON 499Individualized Instruction
Spring 2014
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 422Motor Control/Spcl Populations
KIN 492Honors Directed Study
HON 492Honors Directed Study
BIO 493Honors Thesis
HON 493Honors Thesis
KIN 493Honors Thesis
HON 498Pro-Seminar
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
HON 499Individualized Instruction
Fall 2013
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 345Motor & Developmental Learning
BIO 492Honors Directed Study
KIN 492Honors Directed Study
KIN 493Honors Thesis
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
Summer 2013
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 345Motor & Developmental Learning
KIN 795Continuing Registration
Spring 2013
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 422Motor Control/Spcl Populations
KIN 493Honors Thesis
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
KIN 792Research
Fall 2012
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 422Motor Control/Spcl Populations
KIN 492Honors Directed Study
KIN 493Honors Thesis
HON 494Special Topics
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
KIN 792Research
KIN 795Continuing Registration
Summer 2012
Course NumberCourse Title
KIN 345Motor & Developmental Learning
KIN 499Individualized Instruction
Presentations
  • Ringenbach, S. D. R., Boni, M., Chen, C. C., & Mulvey, G. M. During Bimanual Drumming Music Benefits Adults with Down syndrome, While Chanting Does Not. Annual conference for the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology (Oct 2009).
  • Van Gemmert, A. W. A., Ringenbach, S. D. R., Shill, H. A., & Stelmach, G. E. Complex bimanual coordination is performed accurately using verbal instructions in Parkinson’s disease patients. 14th conference of the International Graphonomics Society (Aug 2009).
  • Ringenbach, S. D. R., Zimmerman, K., Chen, C., & Boni, M. Continuous information is important for adults with Down syndrome when performing continuous bimanual drumming. Annual conference for the North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (Jun 2009).
  • Bellama, T. J., Chen, C.C., Ringenbach, S. D. R. Adults with Down syndrome can dance!. Poster presentation at the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology (Nov 2008).
  • Poston, B. Van Gemmert, G. W. A., & Stelmach, G. E. S. (2008, June). Brain laterality and motor function in the elderly. I Presented the verbal presentation at and published in the Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30, S12. Brain laterality and motor function in the elderly. The North American Society of Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (Jun 2008).
  • Ringenbach, S. D. R., Mulvey, G. M., & Chen, C. Visual instructions benefit adults with Down syndrome in continuous bimanual and unimanual drumming. North American Society of Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (Jun 2008).
  • Mulvey, G. M., & Ringenbach, S. D. R. Atypical handedness effects on bimanual motor coordination in adults with Down syndrome. North American Society of Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (Jun 2008).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Jung, M. Adults with Down syndrome benefit from visual information for spatial-temporal aspects of symmetrical and asymmetrical bimanual drumming. Ninth World Down Syndrome Congress (Aug 2006).
  • Lantero, D, Ringenbach, Shannon, Soukup, G. Is there a difference in circularity measures based on different methods of calculations?. North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (Jun 2006).
  • Mulvey, G, Ringenbach, Shannon, Jung, M. Learning to teach motor skills to people with Down syndrome: Why exclude the leftieis?. Hawaii International Conference for Social Sciences (Jun 2006).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Allen, H, Chung, S, Jung, M. Specific instructions are important for continuous bimanual drumming in adults with Down syndrome. North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (Jun 2006).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Shill, H, Stelmach, G, van Gemmert, A.W.A. Cue benefits on drawing tasks in Parkinsonian patients depend on task requirements. Annual conference of Society for Neuroscience (Nov 2005).
  • Lantero, D, Ringenbach, Shannon. Age-related differences in continuous bimanual circle drawing. Annual conference for National Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (Jun 2005).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. Perceptual-motor tasks in adults with Down syndrome. Kinesiology Seminar (Mar 2005).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. Influences of age and instructions on bimanual coordination. Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology annual conference (Oct 2004).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. Age-related differences in self-selected parameters of continuous movements. North American Society of Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity annual conference (Jun 2004).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Lantero, D. Adults with Down syndrome have difficulty performing instructed coordination patterns. Motor Control: Trends and Perspectives Meeting (May 2004).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Richards, A, Slipp, S. Visual Response-produced Feedback is Beneficial for Performance of Continuous Bimanual Tasks for Adults with Down Syndrome. Sensorimotor Coordination Conference (Jul 2003).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Richards, A, Slipp, S. Response-produced Feedback is Beneficial for Performance of Continuous Bimanual Tasks for Adults with Down Syndrome. 'Motor Behavior in Persons with Down Syndrome: Transcending Timescales and Theories' at the NASPSPA (Jun 2003).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. Adults with Down syndrome can produce in-phase and anti-phase coordination patterns. Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology annual conference (Oct 2002).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. Asymmetrical Cerebral organization in individuals with Down syndrome: Application to continuous and bimanual tasks: Experiment 2. Dynamics of Perception, Action and Cognition Seminar, Department of Psychology (Oct 2002).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. Changes in measures of postural stability at the walk-to-run and run-to-walk transitions. Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology (Oct 2002).
  • Ericsson, A, Ringenbach, Shannon, Kao, J. Performance of continuous circles is difficult for adults with Down syndrome. Coordination Dynamics 2002 conference (May 2002).
  • Ericsson, A, Ringenbach, Shannon, Adina, J, Anest, V, Abbey, L, Ericson, A. Guidance Information is Not Beneficial for Individuals with Down Syndrome in a Continuous Bimanual Task. SCAPPS (Nov 2001).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. The Development of Coordination and Golf. The World Scientific Congress of Golf: Future of Golfers Conference (Mar 2001).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. Asymmetrical Cerebral organization in individuals with Down syndrome: Application to continuous and bimanual tasks: Experiment 1. Dynamics of Perception, Action and Cognition Seminar, Department of Psychology (Oct 2000).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Kao, J. Variability of head-torso coordination during human locomotion. SCAPPS (Oct 2000).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Winges, J. Rate and amplitude of bimanual movements are positively coupled in children. SCAPPS (Oct 2000).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Gangi, J, Ericsson, A, Ericson, A, Winges, J, Kao, J, Chua, R, Weeks, D. The influence of auditory and visual information on continuous circle drawing in individuals with Down syndrome. NASPSPA (Jun 2000).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. Unimanual and bimanual coordination based on visual or auditory input in individuals with Down syndrome. Annual Meeting of the World Down Syndrome Congress (Mar 2000).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Gangi, J, Ericsson, A, Ericson, A, Winges, J, Kao, J, Abbey, L. Cerebral organization in individuals with Down syndrome: Application to continuous and bimanual tasks. Brain Day at Arizona State University (Mar 2000).
  • Ringenbach, Shannon, Umberger, B, Winges, J, Kao, J. The relationship between preferred upper extremity interlimb coordination and postural stability. NASPSPA
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. North American Society of Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. North American Society of Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. Sensorimotor Coordination
  • Ringenbach, Shannon. Frequency and amplitude are inversely related in circle drawing. International Conference for Perception and Action
Service
  • Raising Special Kids, Supporter, Exhibitor (2009 - Present)
  • Kinesiology Personnel Committee, Member (2008 - Present)
  • Journal: Experimental Brain Research, Reviewer (2008 - Present)
  • Down Syndrome Research Quarterly, Associate Editor (2007 - Present)
  • Barrett Honor's College: Honor's Faculty Council, Member (2005 - Present)
  • Barrett Honor's College: Honor's Faculty Council, Member (2005 - Present)
  • Barrett Honors College, Faculty Advisor (2005 - Present)
  • Barrett Honors College, Faculty Advisor (2005 - Present)
  • Down syndrome network Buddy Walk, Supporter, Exhibiter (2004 - Present)
  • Down syndrome network Buddy Walk, Supporter, Exhibiter (2004 - Present)
  • Down syndrome network Buddy Walk, Supporter, Exhibiter (2004 - Present)
  • Sharing Down Syndrome Arizona Buddy Walk, Supporter, Exhibiter (2004 - Present)
  • Special Olympics, Supporter (2002 - Present)
  • Special Olympics, Supporter (2002 - Present)
  • Journal: Human Movement Science, Editorial Board/Reviewer (2000 - Present)
  • Journal: Human Movement Science, Editorial Board/Reviewer (2000 - Present)
  • Sun Devil Men's Gymnastics Team, Faculty Advisor (1999 - Present)
  • Sun Devil Men's Gymnastics Team, Faculty Advisor (1999 - Present)
  • Human Kinetics, Book Reviewer (2009 - 2009)
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Reviewer (2009 - 2009)
  • Bioscience Institutional Review Board, Member (2006 - 2009)
  • CLAS Senate, Secretary (2008 - 2009)
  • Journal of Motor Behavior, Reviewer (2008 - 2008)
  • CLAS Senate, Secretary (2008 - 2008)
  • Journal: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, Reviewer (2008 - 2008)
  • Journal: Experimental Brain Research, Reviewer (2008 - 2008)
  • Journal of Motor Behavior, Reviewer (2008 - 2008)
  • Journal: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Reviewer (2008 - 2008)
  • North American Society of Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, Conference Session Moderator (2008 - 2008)
  • Journal: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, Reviewer (2008 - 2008)
  • Journal: Perceptual and Motor Skills, Reviewer (2008 - 2008)
  • Journal: Down Syndrome Quarterly, Reviewer (2008 - 2008)
  • Committee of Review, Member (2005 - 2007)
  • Self-study Committee, Member (2005 - 2007)
  • National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, ASU, Researcher, The localization of Parkinsonian micrographia (2003 - 2005)
  • Promotion and Tenure Committee, Member (2005 - 2005)
  • Sun Devil Gymnastics Club, Faculty Advisor (1999 - 2005)
  • Search Committee - Biomechanics lecturer, Affirmative Action Representative (2004 - 2004)
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Grant reviewer (2004 - 2004)
  • Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology, Director (2002 - 2004)
  • North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, Program Chair (2003 - 2004)
  • Human Kinetics, Book reviewer - An Introduction to the Human Machine and Movement Performance (2004 - 2004)
  • SEE ASU (activities for children), Departmental exhibitor (2004 - 2004)
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Grant reviewer (2003 - 2004)
  • NASPSPA - Motor Control/Learning section, Program Committee (2002 - 2003)
  • Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology, Conference session moderator (2003)
  • Douglas L. Conley Memorial Scholarship Grant, Reviewer (2003)
  • Experimental Brain Research, Ad hoc Reviewer (2003)
  • Human Kinetics, Book reviewer (2003)
  • Human Motor Development: A Lifespan Approach (5th Ed.), Book reviewer (2003)
  • Kinesiology Department, Search Committee member (2003)
  • Kinesiology Department, Undergraduate Curriculum Committee (2003)
  • Kinesiology Students Association, Faculty Advisor (2003)
  • North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, Symposium organizer (2003)
  • Pre-Physical Therapy Student Association, Faculty Advisor (2003)
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, Ad hoc Reviewer (2003)
  • Sharing Down Syndrome Arizona, Supporter (2003)
  • Motor Learning and Control for Practitioners, Book reviewer (2002 - 2002)
  • Search Committee: Director of Interdisciplinary Exercise Science Ph.D. Program, Member (2001 - 2001)