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Brian Gratton

Biography

 

Professor of History, Retired, Faculty of HistoryCollege of Liberal Arts and Sciences

Faculty Associate, Osher LifeLong Learning Institute

Research Interests and Selected Publications

Brian Gratton studies immigration and ethnicity in the United States, Latin America and Europe. Dr. Gratton received his Ph.D. in 1980 from Boston University and worked as a postdoctoral fellow at Case Western Reserve University from 1981 to 1983. He began as an Assistant Professor at Arizona State University in 1983, became Associate Professor in 1987 and Full Professor in 1994. He retired in 2014. His initial research, summarized in Old Age and the Search for Security, focused on social security, retirement and the circumstances of the American elderly. His principal emphasis is now in immigration and migration, particularly among Hispanics, and on family structure among immigrant groups. He worked on these subjects while a Fulbright Fellow in Spain (1996) and in Ecuador (2002). In 1996-8, he served as a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Senior Fellow at the University of Texas, Austin, and, in 2003 and 2004, as a Fellow at the Russell Sage Foundation in New York.

While an NIH Fellow at the University of Texas, Dr. Gratton and his colleagues began to develop a new series of representative samples of Hispanic and other immigrant-origin groups in the United States Censuses. Their samples became the Hispanic subsample of the integrated public use samples of the censuses housed at the University of Minnesota. This project led in 1999 to a two-year research grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to study assimilation trajectories in Mexican-American families. With support from the National Institute on Aging in 2003-2007, he extended this research to historical analysis of elderly immigrants.

His publications on ethnicity, immigration, and family structure in the United States, Ecuador and Europe include articles in the International Migration Review, Journal of Policy History, Social Science History, Population and Development Review, The History of the Family, Journal of American Ethnic HistoryProfessional Geographer, the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Historical Statistics of the United States and the Journal of Interdisciplinary History. The article “La Raza,” in the Journal of Policy History, co-authored by Emily Merchant, won the James Madison Prize given by the Society for History in the Federal Government. His latest work examines 400 years of immigration to what is now the United States, a broad consideration of demography, popular reaction and public policy.

His teaching reflected these research interests, including undergraduate and graduate courses on US immigration history and ethnicity.  He has also been the Director or Co-Director of four Teaching American History projects funded by the Department of Education, which linked professors in the Department of History to public school teachers in various districts in Maricopa County.  Since his retirement, he has served as a Faculty Associate for the Osher Institute, giving lectures on the history of immigration and on the historical development of the Southwest.

 

Research Interests

Immigration, ethnicity and immigration policy in the United States, Latin America and Europe. Mexican Aemrican Geography and Settlement. Family and Demography

Publications
  • Brian Gratton. What is Race? Transhumanism and the Evolutionary Sciences. Building Better Humans?-Refocusing the Debate on Transhumanism (2912).
  • Brian Gratton and Jon R. Moen. Child Workers. The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History (2012).
  • Emily Merchant, Brian Gratton, and Myron Gutmann. A Sudden Transition: Household Changes for Middle Aged U.S. Women in the Twentieth Century. Population Research and Policy Review (2012).
  • . . Review of: Retiring Men: Manhood, Labor, and Growing Old in America, 1900–1960 (2012).
  • . . Review of: Hispanics in the United States: A Demographic, Social, and Economic History, 1980-2005 (2011).
  • Brian Gratton. The Demography of Immigration Restriction in the United States. Political Demography: Identity, Institutions and Conflict (2011).
  • Jaime R. Aguila and Brian Gratton. Mirando atrás: Mexican Immigration from 1876 to 2000. Migrants and Migration in Modern North America: Cross-Border Lives, Labor Markets, and Politics (2011).
  • Brian Gratton and Myron Gutmann. Emptying the Nest: Older Men in the United States, 1880 to 2000. Population and Development Review (2010).
  • Lisa Dillon, Brian Gratton, and Jon R. MOen. Retirement at the Turn-of-the-Century: a Canadian Perspective. Canadian Historical Review (2010).
  • Brian Gratton and Catherine O'Donnell. What should be the role of history departments in the preparation of future teachers?. (2010).
  • Scott Walker and Brian Gratton. Mexican American History Online. OAH Magazine of History (2009).
  • Brian Gratton and Catherine O'Donnell Kaplan. The Unwelcoming Nation. Canada Watch (2008).
  • Emily Skop, Brian Gratton, and Myron P. Gutmann. Latinos/as (in) on the border,". Latinas/os in the United States: Changing the Face of América (2008).
  • . . Sloan Work-Family Encyclopedia (2007).
  • Brian Gratton. Ecuadorians in the United States and Spain: History, Gender and Niche Formation. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (2007).
  • Brian Gratton, Myron Gutmann, Emily Skop. Immigrants, their Children, and Theories of Assimilation: Family Structure in the United States, 1880 to 1970. The History of the Family (2007).
  • Brian Gratton. Envisioning a North American Identity: Assimilation and Multiculturalism in the United States. NACTS Quarterly Journal (2006).
  • E Skop, Brian Gratton, M Gutmann. La Frontera and Beyond: Geography and Demography in Mexican-American History. Professional Geographer (2006).
  • Gratton, Brian (Author) ,Gutmann, M (Author) ,Wildsmith, E (Author) . Hispanic Population. Historical Statistics of the United States (2006).
  • Gratton, Brian. Hari-Kari of the Anglo Elite. (2006).
  • Gratton, Brian. Stairway to Heaven: Italians Then, Mexicans Now. (2006).
  • W McArthur, R Barnes, Brian Gratton. Improving the Contribution of Historians to TAH Projects. OAH Newsletter (2005).
  • . . Review of: Crossing the Border: Research from the Mexican Migration Project (2005).
  • Gratton, Brian (Author) . Ecuador en la historia de la migración internacional: ¿Modelo o aberración?. La Migración Ecuatoriana: transnacionalismo, redes e identidades (2005).
  • Brian Gratton, Jon Moen. Immigration, Culture, and Child Labor in the United States, 1880-1920. Journal of Interdisciplinary History (2004).
  • E Wildsmith, M Gutmann, Brian Gratton. Assimilation and Intermarriage for U.S. Immigrant Groups, 1880-1990. The History of the Family (2003).
  • Brian Gratton. Race, the Children of Immigrants, and Social Science Theory. Journal of American Ethnic History (2002).
  • . . Situazioni D'Assedio (Cities Under Siege) (2002).
  • Brian Gratton. Forum: José C. Moya's Cousins and Strangers. Historical Methods (2001).
  • Brian Gratton, J Moen. Tracking the Majority: Households, Older Workers, and Retirement during the Great Depression. Journal of Gerontology: Social Science (2000).
  • Brian Gratton, M Gutmann. Hispanics in the United States, 1850-1990: Estimates of Population Size and National Origin. Historical Methods (2000).
  • Brian Gratton, M Gutmann, R McCaa, R Gutiérrez-Montes. Los efectos demográficos de la revolución mexicana en Estados Unidos. Historia Mexicana (2000).
Research Activity
Fall 2013
Course NumberCourse Title
HST 494Special Topics
Spring 2013
Course NumberCourse Title
HST 598Special Topics
Fall 2012
Course NumberCourse Title
HST 325Immigration & Ethnicity in US
HST 498Pro-Seminar
Presentations

Current regular presentations

400 Years of Immigration to the United States, Osher Lifelong Learning Institute

Creation of the American Southwest, Osher Lifelong Learning Institute

Evolution and History, Osher Lifelong Learning Institute

 

Selected Academic Presentations

 Invited Paper. “The Failure of States:  Mexican Immigration, Mexico, and the United States, 1920 to 1950,” with E. Merchant.  Workshop:  Migration during Economic Downturns—from the Great Depression to the Great Recession. April  2014

“Immigrant, Repatriate, Guest Worker, Deportee: Mexican Workers and the State, 1920 to 1950,” Social Science History Association Meetings, November 2013

“Teaching Immigration History,” Social Science History Association Meetings, November 2013

Immigration and Repatriation:  Mexico and the United States, 1900-1950,” “Children, Women and Families:  Migration in Historical Perspective.” University of Salzburg, September 2012

“Introduction:  Book Session on The Comanche Empire by Pekka Hämäläinen,”  Social Science History Association Meetings, November 2011

“Henry Cabot Lodge and the Success of Immigration Restriction,” Boston Immigration and Urban History Seminar, Massachusetts Historical Society, November 2011

“Living with Her Children: The Changing Co-residence Experience of Older Mothers, 1880-2000”, with E. Merchant and M. Gutmann, Social Science History Association Meetings, November 2010

“Race and Ethnicity in the new Evolutionary Sciences,” Social Science History Association Meetings, November 2010

 

 

 

Honors / Awards

James Madison Prize of the Society for History in the Federal Government.

Service
  • Chair, Search Committee, Chicana/o Southwest Borderlands History, Chair (2007 - Present)
  • Graduate Faculty, Spanish, Sociology, Family and Human Development, (2007 - Present)
  • Phi Beta Kappa, President of Beta Chapter (2012 - 2013)
  • Search Committee American Political History, Member (2012 - 2013)
  • Massachusetts Historical Society, Reviewer of applications for NEH grants (2012 - 2013)
  • Continuity and Change, Manuscript Reviewer (2012 - 2012)
  • Journal of American History, Manuscript Reviewer (2012 - 2012)
  • Personnel Advisory Committee (PAC), Member (2011 - 2012)
  • Graduate Faculty, Spanish, Sociology, Family and Human Development, Member (2009 - 2012)
  • The Melikian Center (formerly Russian and Eastern European Studies), Affiliate Research Faculty (2006 - 2012)
  • Center for Population Dynamics, Affiliate Research Faculty (2006 - 2012)
  • Bedford/St. Martin's, Reviewer for History/Class on line supplement to text (2012 - 2012)
  • Journal of Latin American Studies, Manuscript Reviewer (2012 - 2012)
  • Phi Beta Kappa, Selection Committee Member (2012 - 2012)
  • Research Foundation Flanders (Belgium) (Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek - Vlaanderen, FWO, Grant Reviewer (2012 - 2012)
  • Massachusetts Historical Review, Manuscript Reviewer (2012 - 2012)
  • Phoenix New Times, comment (2012 - 2012)
  • Yale Reunion, Presenter (2012 - 2012)
  • Reviewer for a book manuscript for publisher Routledge, in Taylor and Francis., Reviewer (2012 - 2012)
  • McGill-Quuen's University Press, Book Proposal Reviewer (2011 - 2011)
  • Russell Sage Foundation, Reviewed applicants for Visiting Fellow Program (2011 - 2011)
  • Personnel Advisory Committee (PAC), Member (2011 - 2011)
  • Various, Public Presentations (2011 - 2011)
  • Graduate Faculty, Spanish, Sociology, Family and Human Development, Member (2009 - 2011)
  • The Melikian Center (formerly Russian and Eastern European Studies), Affiliate Research Faculty (2006 - 2011)
  • Center for Population Dynamics, Affiliate Research Faculty (2006 - 2011)
  • Arizona Humanities Council, Speaker (2001 - 2011)
  • Journal of American History, Reviewer of submitted manuscript (2011 - 2011)
  • Various, Public Presentations (2010 - 2010)
  • Graduate Faculty, Spanish, Sociology, Family and Human Development, Member (2009 - 2010)
  • Center for Population Dynamics, Affiliate Research Faculty (2006 - 2010)
  • North American Center for Transborder Studies, Affiliate Research Faculty (2006 - 2010)
  • Arizona Humanities Council, Speaker (2001 - 2010)
  • By Laws Ad Hoc Committee, Member (2009 - 2010)
  • Obama Scholars Mentors Program, Mentor (2009 - 2010)
  • Goldwater Chair Committee, Member (2009 - 2009)
  • Russell Sage Foundation, Reviewed applicants for Visiting Fellow Program (2009 - 2009)
  • Comprehensive Examination Committee, History, Web Master (2009 - 2009)
  • Obama Scholars Mentors Program, Mentor (2009 - 2009)
  • Academic Senate Grievance-Ombudsperson Task Force, Member (2009 - 2009)
  • Arizona Humanities Council, Speaker (2009 - 2009)
  • Arizona Republic and other media, Commentator (2009 - 2009)
  • Graduate Faculty, Spanish, Sociology, Family and Human Development, Member (2009 - 2009)
  • History Graduate Student Association, Faculty Sponsor (2009 - 2009)
  • Grievance--Omsbudsperson Task Force, Academic Senate, Member (2008 - 2009)
  • Arizona Humanities Council, Speaker (2008 - 2009)
  • The Melikian Center (formerly Russian and Eastern European Studies), Affiliate Research Faculty (2006 - 2009)
  • Center for Population Dynamics, Affiliate Research Faculty (2006 - 2009)
  • North American Center for Transborder Studies, Affiliate Research Faculty (2006 - 2009)
  • Arizona Chapter, Fulbright Association, Speaker (2009 - 2009)
  • Search Committee for Mexican History, Member (2009 - 2009)
  • History Department project, Teaching American History with Deer Valley and Maricopa School Districts, Director and Co-Director (2005 - 2009)
  • Cambridge University Press, Book Proposal Reviewer (2009 - 2009)
  • Special Review Panel, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Member (2006 - 2009)
  • Special Review Panel, National Institutes of Health, Member (2006 - 2009)
  • European Journal of American Studies, Peer Review (2009 - 2009)
  • Russell Sage Foundation, Reviewed applicants for Visiting Fellow Program (2008 - 2008)
  • Social Science Research, Reviewer (2008 - 2008)
  • Various organizations, Speaker (2008 - 2008)
  • Presenter, Arizona State Media Fellowship Seminars, Provided Seminar (2007 - 2008)
  • Reviewer, Regents' Professor, University of Minnesota, Evaluated candidate (2007 - 2008)
  • University Schools, History Department Representative (2007 - 2008)
  • Search Committee for Mexican History, Member (2008 - 2008)
  • Journal of American Ethnic History, Reviewer (2008 - 2008)
  • Arizona Humanities Council, Speaker at Special Session (2007 - 2007)
  • College of Public Programs, Presenter (2007 - 2007)
  • Expert Social Science Database Committee, Canada Foundation for Innovation, Reviewer (2007 - 2007)
  • Intergroup Relations Center, Presenter in Faculy Cross Talk (2007 - 2007)
  • Journal of American Ethnic History, Reviewer of article submitted for publication (2007 - 2007)
  • La Mecha, La Joya High School, Presenter (2007 - 2007)
  • Organization of American Historians, Reviewer of article submitted for a prize (2007 - 2007)
  • Portuguese Studies Review, Reviewer of article submitted for publication (2007 - 2007)
  • President's Community Enrichmetn Program, Presenter (2007 - 2007)
  • Univeristy Press of Florida, Reviewer of manuscript (2007 - 2007)
  • Center for Latin American Studies/Research, Member of Advisory Board (2006 - 2007)
  • Committee on Quality of Instruction, Chair (2006 - 2007)
  • Arizona Republic and other media, Commentator (2006 - 2007)
  • Dean's Faculty Advisory Council, Member (2004 - 2007)
  • Search Committee for Departmental Chair, Department of History, Co-Chair (2006 - 2007)
  • Cambridge University Press, Book Proposal Reviewer (2006 - 2007)
  • Department of History, Invitations to Scholars (2006 - 2006)
  • Institute for Humanities Research, Advisor (2006 - 2006)
  • University of Eastern Sarajevo, Presenter (2006 - 2006)
  • Journal of American Ethnic History, Reviewer of article submitted for publication (2006 - 2006)
  • History Department project, Teaching American History with Creighton and Maricopa School Districts, Director (2004 - 2006)
  • Institute for Humanities Research, Member of Research Group (2005 - 2006)
  • Search Committee for Departmental Chair, Department of History, Member (2005 - 2006)
  • European Social Science History Association, Organizer, Chair, Comment for Panels (2006 - 2006)
  • Department of History, Mentor and Teacher (2005 - 2005)
  • Evaluation subcommittee for candidate, 3rd year review, Chair (2005 - 2005)
  • Social Science History Association, Organizer and comment for session (2005 - 2005)
  • Institute for Humanities Research, Presenter (2005 - 2005)
  • Institute for Humanities Research, Participant in developing Fellows program (2005 - 2005)
  • Promotion and tenure, Texas Tech University, External reviewer (2005 - 2005)
  • Social Science Quarterly, Manuscript Reviewer (2005 - 2005)
  • Search Committee, Migration Position (formerly with Migration Studies), Chair (2005 - 2005)
  • Search Committee, Migration with School for Global Studies, Chair (2004 - 2005)
  • IT Certificate Committee, Provost's Office, Member (1999 - 2003)
  • Canada Foundation for Innovation, Reviewer (2003)
  • Journal of Social History, Reviewer (2003)
  • Mexican Studies, Reviewer (2003)
  • Search Committee for Technology Oriented Position, Member (2003)
  • Teaching US History with Phoenix Union High School District, Director, PI (2003)
  • The Review of Income and Wealth, Reviewer (2003)
  • University of Toronto Press, Reviewer (2003)
  • H-Ethnic, Co-editor (2000 - 2002)
  • Committe on Academic Freedom and Tenure, Chair (2000 - 2001)
  • External Review for Tenure, Western Michigan University, Reviewer (2001 - 2001)