Integrated Search Menu

Osvaldo Sala

Foundation Professor and GIOS Center Director
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 4501
Regents Professor
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 4501
Distinguished Sustainability Scientist
Faculty, TEMPE Campus, Mailcode 4501
Biography: 

Osvaldo Sala is the Julie A. Wrigley, Regents’ and Foundation Professor, at Arizona State University, where he contributes to both the School of Life Sciences and School of Sustainability. He is also the Founding Director of the Global Drylands Center and the Leader of the Extremes Focal Area, which is part of the Global Futures Laboratory. He came to ASU in 2010 from Brown University where he was the founding Director of the Environmental Change Initiative and the Sloan Lindemann Professor of Biology. His publications are among the most cited in the fields of ecology, sustainability and biology. He has more than 220 publications, 50,000 citations and an H factor of 93. Osvaldo’s most well-known 2000 paper in Science entitled “Global Biodiversity Scenarios for the year 2100” (Sala et al., Science 2000; 287) has been cited almost 9000 times. His work has been truly interdisciplinary, collaborating with geologists, social scientists, mathematicians and humanists and using a variety of tools from experimentation to simulation modeling. Ecologists mostly know Osvaldo for his experimental manipulations of drylands. He has carried out many experiments around the world and published articles from Patagonia (Argentina), Kalahari Desert (South Africa and Namibia), Loess Plateau (China), to the Shortgrass steppe, Chihuahuan Desert, Sonoran Desert, Tallgrass prairie (US). He has established scientific collaborations all over the world from China, Israel and Australia to Europe, North and South America. Osvaldo’s level of activity continues to increase on a daily basis. He currently has an active lab at ASU with several graduate students and several ongoing grants from the National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture and Department of Defense.

Osvaldo Sala served in numerous international institutions and in different capacities from the Scientific Committee of Problems of the Environment (SCOPE), where he was the president, to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). He is currently serving as President of the Ecological Society of America. He has received several recognitions to his academic work including being an elected Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Academy of Sciences of Argentina, Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Ecological Society of America.

Fax: 
480-727-7584
Education: 

Ph.D. Colorado State University

Videos
Research Interests: 

The research interests of Osvaldo Sala include several topics, from the functioning of arid ecosystems to ecosystem services and biodiversity, and encompass several scales from local to global. Climate change will affect arid ecosystems primarily through changes in water availability. Therefore, Osvaldo has focused a large part of his research effort on understanding the effects of precipitation patterns in space and time on primary production. His research has contributed to elucidating biogeochemical and structural mechanisms explaining ecosystem lags to changes in water availability. Osvaldo Sala also explored the consequences of changes in biodiversity on the functioning of ecosystems. At the global scale, he has developed scenarios of biodiversity change for the next 50 to 100 years. He is particularly interested in working with scenarios as a way of simplifying, understanding, and communicating the complex relationships that emerge from the study of social-ecological systems.

He employs a wide variety of tools; especially manipulative field experiments, data synthesis and simulation modeling. He has worked in the Patagonian steppe, annual grasslands of California, steppes of Colorado and deserts of Southern Africa and currently he has experiments in the Chihuahuan Desert in New Mexico.

Publications: 

 

PUBLICATIONS (H-index = 92)

 

229.     Gherardi, L. A., and O. E. Sala. 2020. Global patterns and climatic controls of belowground net carbon fixation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. https://doi-org.ezproxy1.lib.asu.edu/10.1073/pnas.2006715117 PDF

228.     Schreiner-McGraw, A. P., E. R. Vivoni, H. Ajami, O. E. Sala, H. L. Throop, and D. P. Peters. 2020. Woody plant encroachment has a Larger impact than climate change on Dryland Water Budgets. Scientific Reports 10:1-9. PDF

227.     Groffman, P., Iwaniec, D., M. Gooseff, K. N. Suding, D. W. Johnson, D. C. Reed, D. P. C. Peters, B. J. Adams, J. Barrett, B. T. Bestelmeyer, M. Castorani, E. M. Cook, M. J. Davidson, N. P. Hanan, L. F. Huenneke , P. Johnson, R. Miller, G. S. Okin, D. Preston, A. Rassweiler, C. Ray, O. E. Sala, R. Schooley, T. R. Seastedt, M. J. Spasojevic, and E. R. Vivoni. 2020. Connectivity: Insights from the U.S. Long Term Ecological Research Network. Ecosphere. In press.

226.     Ankrom, K. E., A. L. Franco, S. J. Fonte, L. A. Gherardi, C. M. de Tomasel, W. S. Andriuzzi, E. A. Shaw, O. E. Sala, and D. H. Wall. 2020. Ecto-and endoparasitic nematodes respond differently across sites to changes in precipitation. Oecologia:1-11. PDF

225.     Franco, A. L., L. A. Gherardi, C. M. de Tomasel, W. S. Andriuzzi, K. E. Ankrom, E. M. Bach, P. Guan, O. E. Sala, and D. H. Wall. 2020. Root herbivory controls the effects of water availability on the partitioning between above and belowground grass biomass. Functional Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13661 PDF

224.     Hoover, D. L., B. Bestelmeyer, N. B. Grimm, T. E. Huxman, S. C. Reed, O. Sala, T. R. Seastedt, H. Wilmer, and S. Ferrenberg. 2020. Traversing the Wasteland: A Framework for Assessing Ecological Threats to Drylands. Bioscience 70:35-47. PDF

223.     Maurer, G., A. J. Hallmark, R. F. Brown, O. E. Sala, and S. L. Collins. 2020. Sensitivity of primary production to precipitation across the United States. Ecology Letters. doi: 10.1111/ele.13455. PDF

222.     Andriuzzi, W. S., A. L. Franco, K. E. Ankrom, S. Cui, C. M. de Tomasel, P. Guan, L. A. Gherardi, O. E. Sala, and D. H. Wall. 2020. Body size structure of soil fauna along geographic and temporal gradients of precipitation in grasslands. Soil Biology and Biochemistry:107638.PDF

221.     Kimberly J. Komatsu, Meghan L. Avolio, Nathan P. Lemoine, Forest Isbell, Emily Grman, Gregory R. Houseman, Sally E. Koerner, David S. Johnson, Kevin R. Wilcox, Juha M. Alatalo, John P. Anderson, Rien Aerts, Sara G. Baer, Andrew H. Baldwin, Jonathan Bates, Carl Beierkuhnlein, R. Travis Belote, John Blair, Juliette M. G. Bloor, Patrick J. Bohlen, Edward W. Bork, Elizabeth H. Boughton, William D. Bowman, Andrea J. Britton, James F. Cahill Jr., Enrique Chaneton, Nona R. Chiariello, Jimin Cheng, Scott L. Collins, J. Hans C. Cornelissen, Guozhen Du, Anu Eskelinen, Jennifer Firn, Bryan Foster, Laura Gough, Katherine Gross, Lauren M. Hallett, Xingguo Han, Harry Harmens, Mark J. Hovenden, Annika Jagerbrand, Anke Jentsch, Christel Kern, Kari Klanderud, Alan K. Knapp, Juergen Kreyling, Wei Li, Yiqi Luo, Rebecca L. McCulley, Jennie R. McLaren, J. Patrick Megonigal, John W. Morgan, Vladimir Onipchenko, Steven C. Pennings, Janet S. Prevéy, Jodi N. Price, Peter B. Reich, Clare H. Robinson, F. Leland Russell, Osvaldo E. Sala, Eric W. Seabloom, Melinda D. Smith, Nadejda A. Soudzilovskaia, Lara Souza, Katherine Suding, K. Blake Suttle, Tony Svejcar, David Tilman, Pedro Tognetti, Roy Turkington, Shannon White, Zhuwen Xu, Laura Yahdjian, Qiang Yu, Pengfei Zhang, and Yunhai Zhang. 2019. Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116: 17867-17873  PDF

220.     Corman, J. R., S. L. Collins, E. M. Cook, X. Dong, L. A. Gherardi, N. B. Grimm, R. L. Hale, T. Lin, J. Ramos, and L. G. Reichmann. 2019. Foundations and Frontiers of Ecosystem Science: Legacy of a Classic Paper (Odum 1969). Ecosystems: 22: 1160-1172. PDF

219.     Sala, O.E., C.G. Boone, B.L. Turner and C.M. Currier. 2019. The sustainability publication gap and its implications. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability: 39: 39-43 PDF

218.     Franco, A. L., L. A. Gherardi, C. M. de Tomasel, W. S. Andriuzzi, K. E. Ankrom, E. A. Shaw, E. M. Bach, O. E. Sala, and D. H. Wall. 2019. Drought suppresses soil predators and promotes root herbivores in mesic, but not in xeric grasslands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116:12883-12888. PDF

217.     Delgado-Baquerizo, M., R. D. Bardgett, P. Vitousek, F. Maestre, M. Williams, D. Eldridge, H. Lambers, S. Neuhauser, A. Gallardo, L. García-Velázquez, O. E. Sala, S. Abades, F. Alfaro, A. Berhe, M. Bowker, C. Currier, N. Cutler, S. Hart, P. Hayes, Z. Hseu, M. Kirchmair, V. Peña-Ramírez, C. Pérez, S. Reed, F. Santos, C. Siebe, B. Sullivan, L. Weber-Grullon, and N. Fierer. 2019. Changes in belowground biodiversity during ecosystem development. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences 116 (14) 6891-6896. PDF

216.     Apodaca, M. J., J. D. McInerney, O. E. Sala, L. Katinas, and J. V. Crisci. 2019. A Concept Map of Evolutionary Biology to Promote Meaningful Learning in Biology. The American Biology Teacher 81(2): 79-87. PDF

215.     Gherardi, L. A., and O. E. Sala. 2019. Effect of interannual precipitation variability on dryland productivity: A global synthesis. Global Change Biology 25(1): 269-276. PDF

214.     McKenna, O. P., and O. E. Sala. 2018. Playa-wetlands effects on dryland biogeochemistry: space and time interactions. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences 123. https:// doi.org/10.1029/2017JG004176. PDF

213.     Okin, G. S., O. E. Sala, E. R. Vivoni, J. Zhang, and A. Bhattachan. 2018. The interactive role of wind and water in drylands functioning: what does the future hold? Bioscience 68 (9): 670-677. PDF

212.     Peters, D. P. C., D. N. Burruss, L. Rodriguez, D. S. McVey4, E. H. Elias, A. M. Pelzel-McCluskey, D. J.D., T. S. Schrade, J. Yao, P. S., J. Lombard, S. R. Archer, B. T. Bestelmeyer, D. M. Browning, C. W. Brungard, J. L. Hatfield, N. P. Hanan, J. E. Herrick, G. S. Okin, O. E. Sala, H. Savoy, and E. R. Vivoni. 2018. An integrated view of complex landscapes: a big data-model integration approach to trans-disciplinary science. Bioscience 68(9): 653-669. PDF

211.     Munson, S. M., S. C. Reed, J. Peñuelas, N. G. McDowell, and O. E. Sala. 2018. Ecosystem thresholds, tipping points, and critical transitions. New Phytologist 218(4): 1315-1317. PDF

210.     Petrie, M., D. Peters, J. Yao, J. Blair, N. Burruss, S. Collins, J. Derner, L. Gherardi, J. Hendrickson, and O. Sala. 2018. Regional grassland productivity responses to precipitation during multi‐year above‐and below‐average rainfall periods: consequences for responses under climate change. Global Change Biology 24(5): 1935-1951. PDF

209.     McKenna, O.P., and O.E. Sala. 2018. Groundwater recharge in desert playas: current rates and future effects of climate change. Environmental Research Letters. 13(1): 014025. PDF

208.     Wilcox, K. R., A. T. Tredennick, S. E. Koerner, E. Grman, L. M. Hallett, M. L. Avolio, K. J. La Pierre, G. R. Houseman, F. Isbell, and D. S. Johnson. 2017. Asynchrony among local communities stabilises ecosystem function of metacommunities. Ecology Letters. 20(12): 1534-1545. PDF

207.     Franco, A., M. A. Knox, W. Andriuzzi, C. Tomasel, O. E. Sala, and D. H. Wall. 2017. Nematode exclusion and recolonization in experimental soil microcosms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 108: 78-83. PDF

206.     Knapp, A. K., M. L. Avolio, C. Beier, C. J. Carroll, S. L. Collins, J. S. Dukes, L. H. Fraser, R. J. Griffin‐Nolan, D. L. Hoover, and A. Jentsch. 2017. Pushing precipitation to the extremes in distributed experiments: recommendations for simulating wet and dry years. Global Change Biology. 23(5): 1774-1782. PDF

205.     Sala, O. E., L. Yahdjian, K. M. Havstad, and M. R. Aguiar. 2017. Rangeland Ecosystem Services: Nature´s Supply and Humans´ Demand. Pages 467-489. in D. D. Briske, editor. Rangeland Systems: Process, Management and Challenges. Springer Verlag, New York. PDF

204.     Sala, O. E., L. Vivanco, and P. Flombaum. 2017. Grassland Communities and Ecosystems.in Reference Module in Life Sciences, Elsevier, New York. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809633-8.02201-9. PDF

203.     Flombaum, P., L. Yahdjian, and O. E. Sala. 2017. Global‐change drivers of ecosystem functioning modulated by natural variability and saturating responses. Global Change Biology 23(2): 503-511. PDF

202.     Sala, O. E. 2016. How Scientists Can Help End the Land-Use Conflict. Bioscience 66: (11): 915. PDF

201.     McKenna, O. and O. E. Sala. 2016. Biophysical controls over concentration and depth distribution of soil organic carbon and nitrogen in desert playas. Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences 121(12): 3019-3029. PDF

200.     Estiarte, M., S. Vicca, J. Peñuelas, M. Bahn, C. Beier, B. Emmett, P. Fay, P. Hanson, R. Hasibeder, J. Kigel, G. Kröel-Dulay, K. Larsen, E. Lellei-Kovács, J. Limousin, R. Ogaya, J. Ourcival, S. Reinsch, O. E. Sala, I. Schmidt, M. Sternberg, K. Tielbörger, A. Tietema, and I. Janssens. 2016. Few multi-year precipitation-reduction experiments find a shift in the productivity-precipitation relationship. Global Change Biology 22(7): 2570-2581. PDF

199.     Gherardi, L. and O. E. Sala. 2015. Enhanced interannual precipitation variability increases plant functional diversity that in turn ameliorates negative impact on productivity. Ecology Letters 18(12): 1293-1300. PDF

198.    Gherardi, L. and O. E. Sala. 2015. Enhanced precipitation variability decreases grass- and increases shrub-productivity. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences 112(41): 12735-12740. PDF

197.    Knapp, A. K., D. L. Hoover, K. Wilcox, M. Avolio, S. Koerner, K. La Pierre, M. Loik, Y. Luo, O. E. Sala, and M. D. Smith. 2015. Characterizing differences in precipitation regimes of extreme wet and dry years: Implications for climate change experiments. Global Change Biology 21(7): 2624-2633. PDF

196.    Sala, O. E., L. Gherardi, and D. P. C. Peters. 2015. Enhanced Precipitation Variability Effects on Water Losses and Ecosystem Functioning: Differential Response of Arid and Mesic Regions. Climatic Change 131(2): 213-227. PDF

195.    Scheffer, M., J. Bascompte, T. Bjordam, S. Carpenter, L. B. Clarke, C. Folke, P. Marquet, N.M. Mazzeo, M., O. E. Sala, and F. Westley. 2015. Dual Thinking for Scientists. Ecology and Society 20(2): 3. doi.org/10.5751/ES-07434-200203. PDF

194.    Vandegehuchte, M. L., Z. A. Sylvain, L. G. Reichmann, C. Milano de Tomasel, U. N. Nielsen, D. H. Wall, and O. E. Sala. 2015. Responses of a desert nematode community to changes in water availability. Ecosphere 6(3): 1-15. PDF

193.    Yahdjian, L., O. E. Sala, and K. M. Havstad. 2015. Rangeland ecosystem services: shifting focus from supply to reconciling supply and demand. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13(1): 44-51. PDF

192.    Monger, C., O. E. Sala, M. C. Duniway, H. Goldfus, I. A. Meir, R. M. Poch, H. L. Throop, and E. R. Vivoni. 2015. Legacy effects in linked ecological-soil-geomorphic systems of drylands. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13(1): 13-19. PDF

191.    Peters, D. P., K. M. Havstad, S. R. Archer, and O. E. Sala. 2015. Beyond desertification: new paradigms for dryland landscapes. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13(1): 4-12. PDF

190.     Sala, O. E. and F. T. Maestre. 2014. Grass-woodland transitions: Determinants and consequences for ecosystem functioning and provisioning of services. Journal of Ecology 102(6): 1357-1362. PDF

189.     Anadón, J. D., O. E. Sala, and F. T. Maestre. 2014. Climate change will increase savannas at the expense of forests and treeless vegetation in tropical and subtropical Americas. Journal of Ecology 102(6): 1363-1373. PDF

188.    Jobbágy, E. and O. E. Sala. 2014. The imprint of crop-choice on global nutrient needs. Environmental Research Letters 9(8): 084014. PDF

187.    Anadón, J. D., O. E. Sala, B. L. Turner, and E. M. Bennett. 2014. The effect of woody-plant encroachment on livestock production in North and South America. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences 111(35): 12948-12953. PDF

186.    Reichmann, L. G. and O. E. Sala. 2014. Differential sensitivities of grassland structural components to changes in precipitation mediate productivity response in a desert ecosystem. Functional Ecology 28(5): 1292-1298. PDF

185.    Sylvain, Z. A., D. H. Wall, K. L. Cherwin, D. P. C. Peter, L. G. Reichmann, and O. E. Sala. 2014. Soil animal responses to moisture availability are largely scale, not ecosystem dependent: Insight from a cross-site study. Global Change Biology 20(8): 2631-2643. PDF

184.     Flombaum, P., O. E. Sala, and E. B. Rastetter. 2014. Interactions among resource partitioning, sampling effect, and facilitation on the biodiversity effect: a modeling approach. Oecologia 174(2): 559-566. PDF

183.    Yahdjian, L., L. Gherardi, and O. E. Sala. 2014. Grasses have larger response than shrubs to increased nitrogen availability: A fertilization experiment in the Patagonian steppe. Journal of Arid Environments 102: 17-20. PDF

182.     Herrick, J. E., O. E. Sala, and J. W. Karl. 2013. Land degradation and climate change: a sin of omission? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11(6): 283-283. PDF

181.    Gherardi, L. A., O. E. Sala, and L. Yahdjian. 2013. Preference for different inorganic- nitrogen forms among plant-functional types and species of the Patagonian steppe. Oecologia 173(3): 1075-1081. PDF

180.    Gherardi, L. and O. E. Sala. 2013. Automated rainfall manipulation system: A reliable and inexpensive tool for ecologists. Ecosphere 4(2): 1-10. PDF

179.    Sala, O. E., L. Vivanco, and P. Flombaum. Grassland Ecosystems. 2013. Vol 4 Pages 1-7 in S. A. Levin, editor. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition). Academic Press. PDF

178.     Peters, D. P. C., S. A. Archer, B. T. Bestelmeyer, M. L. Brooks, J. R. Brown, A. C. Comrie, H. R. Gimblett, J. H. Goldstein, K. M. Havstad, L. López-Hoffman, H. C. Monger, G. S. Okin, A. Rango, O. E. Sala, C. E. Tweedie, and E. R. Vivoni. 2013. Desertification of Rangelands. Pages 239-258 in T. R. Seastedt and K. N. Suding, editors. Ecosystem Functions and Services. Elsevier. PDF

177.    Reichmann, L. G., O. E. Sala, and D. P. C. Peters. 2013. Water controls on nitrogen transformations and stocks in an arid ecosystem. Ecosphere 4(1): 11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES12-00263.1. PDF

176.    Reichmann, L. G., O. E. Sala, and D. P. C. Peters. 2013 Precipitation legacies in desert- grassland primary production occur through previous-year tiller density. Ecology 94(2): 435-443. PDF

175.     Sala, O. E., L. Gherardi, L. Reichmann, E. Jobbágy, and D. Peters. 2012. Legacies of precipitation fluctuations on primary production: Theory and data synthesis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 367(1606): 3135-3144. PDF

174.    Schwartz, M. W., J. J. Hellmann, J. M. McLachlan, S. D.F., J. O. Borevitz, J. Brennan, A. E. Camacho, G. Ceballos, J. R. Clark, H. Doremus, R. Early, J. R. Etterson, D. Fielder, J. L. Gill, P. Gonzalez, N. Green, L. Hannah, D. W. Jamieson, J. D., B. A. Minteer, J. Odenbaugh, S. Polasky, D. M. Richardson, T. L. Root, H. D. Safford, O. E. Sala, S. H. Schneider, A. R. Thompson, J. W. Williams, M. Vellend, P. Vitt, and S. Zellmer. 2012.  Managed Relocation: integrating the scientific, regulatory and ethical challenges Bioscience 62(8): 732-743. PDF

173.    Yao, J., O. E. Sala, and D. Peters. 2013. Cross-site studies "by design": Experiments and observations that provide new insights.in D. P. C. Peters, C. Laney, A. Lugo, S. Collins, C. Driscoll, P. Groffman, J. Grove, A. Knapp, T. Kratz, M. Ohman, R. Waide, and J. Yao, editors. Long-Term Trends in Ecological Systems: A Basis for Understanding Responses to Global Change. USDA Agricultural Research Service, Washington, DC, USA. PDF

172.    Sala, O. E., R. A. Golluscio, W. K. Lauenroth, and P. A. Roset. 2012. Contrasting Nutrient - Capture Strategies in Shrubs and Grasses of a Patagonian Arid Ecosystem. Journal of Arid Environments 82: 130-135. PDF

171.    Peters, D. P. C., J. Yao, O. E. Sala, and J. Anderson. 2012. Directional Climate Change and Potential Reversal of Desertification in Arid and Semiarid Ecosystems. Global Change Biology 18(1): 151-163. PDF

170.     Flombaum, P. and O. E. Sala. 2012. Effects of plant species traits on ecosystem processes: Experiments in the Patagonian steppe. Ecology 93(2): 227-234. PDF

169.    Throop, H., L. Reichmann, O. E. Sala, and S. Archer. 2012. Response of dominant grass and shrub species to water manipulation: An ecophysiological basis for shrub invasion in a Chihuahuan Desert Grassland. Oecologia 169(2): 373-383. PDF

168.     Montti, L., P. I. Campanello, M. G. Gatti, C. Blundo, A. T. Austin, O. E. Sala, and G. Goldstein. 2011. Understory bamboo flowering provides a very narrow light window of opportunity for canopy-tree recruitment in a neotropical forest of Misiones, Argentina. Forest Ecology and Management. 262(8): 1360-1369. PDF

167.    Yahdjian, L., L. Gherardi, and O. E. Sala. 2011. Nitrogen limitation in arid-subhumid ecosystems: A meta-analysis of fertilization studies. Journal Arid Environments 75(8): 675-680. PDF

166.    Yahdjian, L. and O. E. Sala. 2011. El Futuro de los Pastizales Sudamericanos. Interciencia 36(2): 153-159. PDF

165.    Flombaum, P. and O. E. Sala. 2011. Efectos de la biodiversidad sobre el funcionamiento de los ecosistemas. Pages 49-62. In J.A. Simonetti and R. Dirzo, editors. Conservación Biológica: Perspectivas desde América Latina. Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Chile, Santiago. PDF

164.     Yahdjian, L. and O. E. Sala. 2010. Size of Precipitation Pulses Controls Nitrogen Transformations and Losses in an Arid Patagonian Steppe. Ecosystems 13(4): 575-585. PDF

163.    Richardson, D. M., J. Hellmann, J. McLachlan, D. Sax, M. Schwartz, J. Brennan, P. Gonzalez, T. Root, O. E. Sala, S. Schneider, D. Ashe, A. Camacho, J. Rappaport Clark, R. Early, J. Etterson, D. Fielder, J. Gill, B. Minteer, S. Polasky, H. Safford, A. Thompson, and M. Vellend. 2009. Multidimensional evaluation of managed relocation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106(24): 9721-9724. PDF

162.    Downs, M., and O. E. Sala. 2009. Grasslands.Pages 614-618 in S. A. Levin, editor. The Princeton Guide to Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton. PDF

161.    Zaller, J. G., Caldwell MM, Flint SD, Ballaré C, Scopel A, and O. E. Sala. 2009. Solar UV-B and warming affect decomposition and earthworms in a fen ecosystem in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Global Change Biology 15(10): 2493-2502. PDF

160.    Golluscio, R. A., A. Austin, G. C. García Martínez, M. Gonzalez-Polo, O. E. Sala, and R. B. Jackson. 2009. Sheep grazing decreases organic carbon and nitrogen pools in the Patagonian steppe: combination of direct and indirect effects. Ecosystems 12(4): 686-697. PDF

159.     Marchesini, V. A., O. E. Sala, and A. T. Austin. 2009. Ecological consequences of a massive flowering event of bamboo (Chusquea culeou) in a temperate forest of Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Vegetation Science 20(3): 424-432. PDF

158.    Sala, O. E., D. Sax, and H. Leslie. 2009. Biodiversity Consequences of Increased Biofuel production. Pages 127-137 in R. W. Howarth and S. Bringezu, editors. Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use. Cornell University Press. PDF

157.    Howarth, R. W., S. Bringezu, L. Martinelli, R. Santoro, D. Messem, and O. E. Sala. 2009. Introduction: Biofuels and the Environment in the 21st Century. Pages 15-36 in R. W. Howarth and S. Bringezu, editors. Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. PDF

156.    Ojima, D., C. Field, P. Leadley, O. E. Sala, D. Messem, J. Petersen, J. Born, L. VanWey, and M. Wright. 2009. Mitigation Strategies: Biofuel Development Considerations to Minimize Impacts on the Socio-Environmental System. Pages 287-302 in R. W. Howarth and S. Bringezu, editors. Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. PDF

155.    Flombaum, P. and O. E. Sala. 2009. Cover is a good predictor of aboveground biomass in arid systems. Journal of Arid Environments 6(73): 597-598. PDF

154.    Sala, O. E., L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan, editors. 2009. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press, Washington, DC. PDF

153.     Sala, O. E., L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan. 2009. Changes in biodiversity and their consequences for human health. Pages 1-12 in O. E. Sala, L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan, editors. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press, Washington DC. PDF

152.     Meyerson, L. A., O. E. Sala, A. Froment, C. Friedman, K. Hund-Rinke, P. Martens, A. Mazumder, A. Purohit, M. Thomas, and A. Wilby. 2009. Sustainable allocation of biodiversity to improve human health and well-being. Pages 83-98 in O. E. Sala, L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan, editors. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press, Washington DC. PDF

151.     Meyerson, F. A. B., L. A. Meyerson, C. Parmesan, and O. E. Sala. 2009. Human health, biodiversity and ecosystem services: the intertwined challenging future. Pages 281-285 in O. E. Sala, L. A. Meyerson, and C. Parmesan, editors. Biodiversity Change and Human Health: From Ecosystem Services to Spread of Disease. Island Press, Washington, DC. PDF

150.    Lauenroth, W. K., D. G. Milchunas, O. E. Sala, I. Burke, and J. A. Morgan. 2008. Net Primary Production in the Shortgrass Steppe. Pages 270-305 in W. K. Lauenroth and I. Burke, editors. Ecology of the Shortgrass Steppe. Oxford University Press, Oxford. PDF

149.    Melillo, J. M., and O. E. Sala. 2008. Ecosystem Services. Pages 75-115 in E. Chivian and A. Bernstein, editors. Sustaining Life: How Human Health Depends on Biodiversity. Oxford University Press, Oxford. PDF

148.    Flombaum, P., and O. E. Sala. 2008. Higher effect of plant species diversity on productivity in natural than artificial ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105(16): 6087-6090. PDF

147.    Yahdjian, L., and O. E. Sala. 2008. Climate Change Impacts on South American Rangelands. Rangelands 30(3): 34-39. PDF

146.     Armas, C., F. I. Pugnaire, and O. E. Sala. 2008. Patch structure dynamics and mechanisms of cyclical succession in a Patagonian steppe (Argentina). Journal of Arid Environments 72(9): 1552-1561. PDF

145.    Cipriotti, P. A., P. Flombaum, O. E. Sala, and M. Aguiar. 2008. Does drought control emergence and survival of grass seedlings in semi-arid rangelands? An example with a Patagonian species. Journal Arid Environments 72(3): 162-174. PDF

144.     Cid, M. S., C. M. Ferri, M. A. Brizuela, and O. E. Sala. 2008. Structural heterogeneity and productivity of a tall fescue pasture grazed rotationally by cattle at four stocking densities. Grassland Science 54(1): 9-16. PDF

143.     Yahdjian, L., and O. E. Sala. 2008. Do litter decomposition and nitrogen mineralization show the same trend in the response to dry and wet years in the Patagonian steppe? Journal Arid Environments 72(5): 687-695. PDF

142.     Flombaum, P., and O. E. Sala. 2007. A non-destructive and rapid method to estimate biomass and aboveground net primary production in arid environments. Journal Arid Environments 69(2): 352-358. PDF

141.    Knapp, A. K., J. M. Briggs, D. L. Childers, and O. E. Sala. 2007. Estimating Aboveground Net Primary Production in Grassland and Herbaceous Dominated Ecosystems. Pages 27-48 in T. J. Fahey and A. K. Knapp, editors. Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production. Oxford University Press, Oxford. PDF

140.     Peters, D., O. Sala, C. Allen, A. Covich, and M. Brunson. 2007. Cascading events in linked ecological and socio-economic systems: Predicting change in an uncertain world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(4): 221-224. PDF

139.    Yahdjian, L. and O.E. Sala. 2006. Vegetation structure constrains primary production response to increased water availability in the Patagonian steppe of Argentina. Ecology 87(4): 952-962. PDF

138.    Chapin, F. S., G. M. Woodwell, J. T. Randerson, E. B. Rastetter, G. M. Lovett, D. D. Baldocchi, D. A. Clark, M. E. Harmon, D. S. Schimel, R. Valentini, C. Wirth, J. D. Aber, J.J. Cole, M. L. Goulden, J. W. Harden, M. Heimann, R. W. Howarth, P. A. Matson, A. D. McGuire, J. M. Melillo, H. A. Mooney, J. C. Neff, R. A. Houghton, M. L. Pace, M. G. Ryan, S. W. Running, O. E. Sala, W. H. Schlesinger, and E.-D. Schulze. 2006. Reconciling Carbon- cycle Concepts, Terminology, and Methods. Ecosystems 9(7): 1041-1050. PDF

137.    Sala, O.E. and R. B. Jackson. 2006. Determinants of biodiversity change: Ecological tools for building scenarios. Ecology: 87(8): 1875-1876. PDF

136.    Dobson, A., D. Lodge, J. Alder, G. S. Cumming, J. Keymer, J. McGlade, H. Mooney, J.A. Rusak, O. E. Sala, V. Wolters, D. H. Wall, R. Winfree, and M. Xenopoulos. 2006. Habitat loss, trophic collapse and the decline of ecosystem services. Ecology: 87(8): 1915-1924. PDF

135.    Austin, A. T., O.E. Sala, and R. B. Jackson. 2006. Inhibition of nitrification alters carbon turnover in the Patagonian steppe. Ecosystems 9(8): 1257-1265. PDF

134.     Crisci, J., O.E. Sala, L. Katinas, P. Posadas. 2006. Bridging historical and ecologicalapproaches in biogeography. Australian Systematic Botany 19(1): 1-10. PDF

133.    Van Vuuren, D.P., O.E. Sala and H.M. Pereira. 2006. The future of vascular plant diversity under four global scenarios. Ecology and Society 11(2): 25. [online] URL:http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss2/art25/. PDF

132.    Yahdjian, L., O. E. Sala, and A. T. Austin. 2006. Differential controls of water input on litter decomposition and nitrogen dynamics in the Patagonian Steppe. Ecosystems 9(1): 128-141. PDF

131.    Sala, O. E., D. van Vuuren, H. Pereira, D. Lodge, J. Alder, G. S. Cumming, A. Dobson, V.Wolters, and M. Xenopoulos. 2005. Biodiversity across Scenarios. Pages 375-408 in S. R. Carpenter, P. L. Pingali, E. M. Bennett, and M. Zurek, editors. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios. Island Press, Washington DC. PDF

130.     Kareiva, P., J. B. R. Agard, J. Alder, E. M. Bennett, C. Butler, S. R. Carpenter, W. Cheung, G. S. Cumming, R. Defries, B. de Vries, R. E. Dickinson, A. Dobson, J. Foley, J. Geoghegan, B. Holland, P. Kabat, J. Keymer, A. Kleidon, D. Lodge, S. Manson, J. McGlade, H. Mooney, A. Parma, M. Pascual, H. Pereira, M. Rosegrant, C. Ringler, O. E. Sala, B. L. Turner, D. van Vuuren, D. H. Wall, P. Wilkinson, and V. Wolters. 2005. State of the Art in Simulating Future Changes in Ecosystem Services. Pages 71-115 in S. R. Carpenter, P. Pingali, E. M. Bennett, and M. Zurek, editors. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios. Island Press, Washington DC. PDF

129.     Alcamo, J., D. Van Vuuren, and C. Ringler. 2005. Methodology for Devoloping the MA Scenarios. Pages 145-172 in S. R. Carpenter, P. Pingali, E. M. Bennett, and M. Zurek, editors. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios. Island Press, Washington, DC. PDF

128.     Adler, P. B., D. G. Milchunas, O. E. Sala, I. C. Burke, and W. K. Lauenrot h. 2005. Plant traits and ecosystem grazing effects: Comparison of U.S. sagebrush steppe and Patagonian steppe. Ecological Applications 15(2): 774-792. PDF

127.     Pancotto, V. A., O. E. Sala, T. M. Robson, M. M. Caldwell, and A. L. Scopel. 2005. Direct and indirect effects of solar ultraviolet-B radiation on long-term decomposition. Global Change Biology 11(11): 1982-1989. PDF

126.    Cumming, G. S., J. Alcamo, O. E. Sala, R. Swart, E. M. Bennett, and M. Zurek. 2005. Are existing global scenarios consistent with ecological feedbacks? Ecosystems 8(2): 143-152. PDF

125.    Meyerson, L. A., J. Baron, J. M. Melillo, R. J. Naiman, R. I. O'Malley, G. Orians, M. A. Palmer, A. S. P. Pfaff, S. W. Running, and O. E. Sala. 2005. Aggregate measures of ecosystem services: can we take the pulse of nature? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3(1): 56-59. PDF

124.    Huxman, T. E., M. D. Smith, P. A. Fay, A. K. Knapp, M. R. Shaw, M. E. Loik, S. D. Smith, D. T. Tissue, J. C. Zak, J. F. Weltzin, W. T. Pockman, O. E. Sala, B. Haddad, J. Harte, G. W. Koch, S. Schwinning, E. E. Small, and D. G. Williams. 2004. Convergence across biomes to a common rain-use efficiency. Nature 429(6992): 651-654. PDF

123.    Lauenroth, W. K., H. E. Epstein, J. M. Paruelo, I. C. Burke, M. R. Aguiar, and O. E. Sala. 2004. Potential effects of climate change on the temperate zones of North and South America. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 77:439-453. PDF

122.    Schwinning, S., and O. E. Sala. 2004. Hierarchy of responses to resource pulses in arid and semi-arid ecosystems. Oecologia 141(2): 211-220. PDF

121.    Schwinning, S., O. E. Sala, M. Loik, and J. Ehleringer. 2004. Thresholds, memory, and seasonality: understanding pulse dynamics in arid/semiarid ecosystems. Oecologia 141: 191-193. PDF

120.    Robson, T. M., V. A. Pancotto, C. L. Ballaré, O. E. Sala, A. L. Scopel, and M. M. Caldwell. 2004. Reduction of solar UV-B mediates changes in the Sphagnum capitulum microenvironment and the peatland microfungal community. Oecologia 140(3): 480-490. PDF

119.    Adler, P. B., D. G. Milchunas, W. K. Lauenroth, O. E. Sala, and I. C. Burke. 2004. Functional traits of graminoids in semi-arid steppes: a test of grazing histories. Journal of Applied Ecology 41(4): 653-663. PDF

118.    Zaller, J. G., P. S. Searles, M. M. Caldwell, S. D. Flint, A. L. Scopel, and O. E. Sala. 2004. Growth responses to ultraviolet-B radiation of two Carex species dominating an Argentinean fen ecosystem. Basic and Applied Ecology 5(2): 153-162. PDF

117.    Giordano, C. V., T. Mori, O. E. Sala, A. L. Scopel, M. M. Caldwell, and C. L. Ballaré. 2003. Functional acclimation to solar UV-B radiation in Gunnera magellanica, a native plant species of southernmost Patagonia. Plant Cell and Environment 26(12): 2027-2036. PDF

116.    López, N. I., A. T. Austin, O. E. Sala, and B. S. Méndez. 2003. Controls on nitrification in a water-limited ecosystem: experimental inhibition of ammonia-oxidising bacteria in the Patagonian steppe. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 35(12): 1609-1613. PDF

115.    Zaller, J. G., P. S. Searles, M. C. Rousseaux, S. D. Flint, M. M. Caldwell, O. E. Sala, C. L. Ballaré, and A. L. Scopel. 2003. Solar ultraviolet-B radiation can affect slug-feeding preference for some plant species native to a fen ecosystem in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Plant Ecology 169(1): 43-51. PDF

114.    Ollinger, S., O. E. Sala, G. Agren, B. Berg, E. Davidson, C. B. Field, M. Lerdau, J. Neff, M. Scholes, and R. Sterner. 2003. New frontiers in the study of element interactions. Pages 63-91 In J. M. Melillo, C. B. Field, and B. Moldan, editors. Interactions of the major biogeochemical cycles: Global change and human impacts. Island Press, Washington, DC. PDF

113.    Robson, T. M., V. A. Pancotto, S. D. Flint, C. L. Ballaré, O. E. Sala, A. L. Scopel, and M. M. Caldwell. 2003. Six years of solar UV-B manipulations affect growth of Sphagnum and vascular plants in a Tierra del Fuego peatland. New Phytologist 160(2): 379-389. PDF

112.    Pancotto, V. A., O. E. Sala, M. Cabello, N. I. López, T. M. Robson, C. L. Ballare, M. M. Caldwell, and A. L. Scopel. 2003. Solar UV-B decreases decomposition in herbaceous plant litter in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina: Potential role of an altered decomposer community. Global Change Biology 9(10): 1465-1474. PDF

111.    Sala, O.E. 2003. Almost all about biodiversity. Science 299(5612): 1521. PDF

110.    Veron, S. R., J. M. Paruelo, O.E. Sala, and W.K. Lauenroth. 2002. Environmental controls of primary production in agricultural systems of the Argentine Pampas. Ecosystems 5(7): 625-635. PDF

109.    Yahdjian, L., and O. E. Sala. 2002. A rainout shelter design for intercepting different amounts of rainfall. Oecologia 133(2): 95-101. PDF

108.    Loreau, M., A. Downing, M. Emmerson, A. Gonzalez, J. Hughes, P. Inchausti, J. Joshi, J. Norberg, and O. E. Sala. 2002. A new look at the relationship between diversity and stability. Pages 79-91. In M. Loreau, S. Naeem, and P. Inchausti, editors. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: synthesis and perspectives. Oxford University Press, Oxford. PDF

107.    Zaller, J. G., M. M. Caldwell, S. D. Flint, A. L. Scopel, O. E. Sala, and C. L. Ballaré. 2002. Solar UV-B radiation affects below-ground parameters in a fen ecosystem in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina: implications of stratospheric ozone depletion. Global Change Biology 8(9): 867-871. PDF

106.    Folgarait, P. J., and O. E. Sala. 2002. Granivory rates by rodents, insects, and birds at different microsites in the Patagonian steppe. Ecography 25(4): 417-427. PDF

105.    Austin, A. T., and O. E. Sala. 2002. Carbon and nitrogen dynamics across a natural precipitation gradient in Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Vegetation Science 13(3): 351-360. PDF

104.    Jobbágy, E., O. E. Sala, and J. M. Paruelo. 2002. Patterns and controls of primary production in the Patagonian steppe: a remote sensing approach. Ecology 83(2): 307-319. PDF

103.    Loreti, J., M. Oesterheld, and O. E. Sala. 2001. Lack of intraspecific variation in resistance to defoliation in a grass that evolved under light grazing pressure. Plant Ecology 157(2): 195-202. PDF

102.    Paruelo, J. M., E. G. Jobbágy, and O. E. Sala. 2001. Current distribution of ecosystem functional types in temperate South America. Ecosystems 4(7): 683-698. PDF

101.    Ballaré, C. L., M. C. Rousseaux, P. S. Searles, J. G. Zaller, C. V. Giordano, T. M. Robson, M. M. Caldwell, O. E. Sala, and A. L. Scopel. 2001. Impacts of solar ultraviolet-B radiation on terrestrial ecosystems of Tierra del Fuego (southern Argentina). Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology 62(1-2): 67-77. PDF

100.    Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin, and E. Huber-Sannwald. 2001. Potential biodiversity change: global patterns and biome comparisons. Pages 351-367 in F. S. Chapin, O. E. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald, editors. Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer Verlag, New York. PDF

99.      Sala, O. E. 2001. Temperate Grasslands. Pages 121-137 in F. S. Chapin, O. E. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald, editors. Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer Verlag, New York. PDF

98.      Chapin III, F. S., O. E. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald. 2001. The future of biodiversity in a changing world. Pages 1-4 in F. S. Chapin, O. E. Sala, and E. Huber Sannwald, editors. Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer Verlag, New York. PDF

97.      Chapin III, F. S., O. E. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald, editors. 2001. Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer-Verlag, New York. PDF

96.      Clark, J. S., S. R. Carpenter, M. Barber, S. Collins, A. Dobson, J. Foley, D. Lodge, M. Pascual, R. Pielke, W. Pizer, C. Pringle, W. V. Reid, K. A. Rose, O. E. Sala, W. Schlesinger, D. H. Wall, and D. Wear. 2001. Ecological Forecasts: an Emerging Imperative. Science 293(5530): 657-660. PDF

95.      Sala, O. E. 2001. Productivity of temperate grasslands. Pages 285-300 in J. Roy, B. Saugier, and H. A. Mooney, editors. Terrestrial Global Productivity. Academic Press, San Diego. PDF

94.      Rousseaux, M. C., A. L. Scopel, P. S. Searles, M. M. Caldwell, O. E. Sala, and C. L. Ballaré. 2001. Responses to solar ultraviolet-B radiation in a shrub-dominated natural ecosystem of Tierra del Fuego (southern Argentina). Global Change Biology 7(4): 467-478. PDF

93.      Sala, O. E. 2001. Price put on biodiversity. Nature 412(6842): 34-36. PDF

92.      Oesterheld, M., J. Loreti, M. Semmartin, and O. E. Sala. 2001. Inter-annual variation in primary production of a semi-arid grassland related to previous-year production. Journal of Vegetation Science 12(1): 137-142. PDF

91.      Sala, O. E., A. T. Austin, and L. Vivanco. 2001. Temperate grassland and shrubland ecosystems. Pages 627-635 in S. Levin, editor. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. Academic Press, San Diego. PDF

90.      Paruelo, J. M., O. E. Sala, and A. B. Beltrán. 2000. Long term dynamics of water and carbon in semi-arid ecosystems: A gradient analysis in the Patagonian Steppe. Plant Ecology 150(1-2): 133-143. PDF

89.      Wolters, V., W. L. Silver, D. E. Bignell, D. C. Coleman, P. Lavelle, W. van der Putten, P. de Ruiter, J. Rusek, D. H. Wall, D. A. Wardle, L. Brussaard, J. M. Dangerfield, V. K. Brown, K. Giller, D. U. Hooper, O. E. Sala, J. Tiedje, and J. A. van Veen. 2000. Effects of global changes on above and belowground biodiversity n terrestrial ecosystems: implications for ecosystem functioning. BioScience 50(12): 1089-1098. PDF

88.      Sala, O. E., and A. T. Austin. 2000. Methods of estimating aboveground net primary production. Pages 31-43 in O. E. Sala, R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney, and R. W. Howarth, editors. Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer Verlag, New York. PDF

87.      Sala, O. E., R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney, and R. W. Howarth. 2000. Methods in ecosystem science: progress, tradeoffs, and limitations. Pages 1-3 in O. E. Sala, R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney, and R. W. Howarth, editors. Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer Verlag, New York. PDF

86.      Sala, O. E., R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney, and R. W. Howarth, editors. 2000. Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer Verlag, New York. PDF

85.      Chapin, F. S., E. S. Zavaleta, V. T. Eviner, R. L. Naylor, P. M. Vitousek, H. L. Reynolds, D.U. Hooper, S. Lavorel, O. E. Sala, S. E. Hobbie, M. C. Mack, and S. Diaz. 2000. Consequences of changing biodiversity. Nature 405(6783): 234-242. PDF

84.      Jobbágy, E., and O. E. Sala. 2000. Controls of grass and shrub aboveground production in the Patagonian steppe. Ecological Applications 10(2): 541-549. PDF

83.      Jackson, R. B., H. J. Schenk, E. G. Jobbágy, J. Canadell, G. D. Colello, R. E. Dickinson, C. B. Field, P. Friedlingstein, M. Heimann, K. Hibbard, D. W. Kicklighter, A. Kleidon, R. P. Neilson, W. J. Parton, O. E. Sala, and M. T. Sykes. 2000. Belowground consequences of vegetation change and their treatment in models. Ecological Applications 10(2): 470-483. PDF

82.      Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin, J. J. Armesto, E. Berlow, J. Bloomfield, R. Dirzo, E. Huber - Sanwald, L. F. Huenneke, R. B. Jackson, A. Kinzig, R. Leemans, D. M. Lodge, H. A. Mooney, M. Oesterheld, N. L. Poff, M. T. Sykes, B. H. Walker, M. Walker, and D. H. Wall. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287(5459): 1770-1774. PDF

81.      Aguiar, M., and O. E. Sala. 1999. Patch structure, dynamics, and implications for the functioning of arid ecosystems. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14(7): 273-277. PDF

80.      Austin, A. T., and O. E. Sala., 1999. Foliar δ15N is negatively correlated with rainfall along the IGBP transect in Australia. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 26(3): 293-295. PDF

79.      Paruelo, J., W. K. Lauenroth, I. Burke, and O. E. Sala. 1999. Grassland precipitation-use efficiency varies across a resource gradient. Ecosystems 2(1): 64-68. PDF

78.      Sala, O. E., F. S. Chapin III, R. H. Gardner, W. K. Lauenroth, H. A. Mooney, and P. S. Ramakrishnan. 1999. Global change, biodiversity and ecological complexity. Pages 304-328 in B. H. Walker, W. L. Steffen, J. Canadell, and J. S. I. Ingram, editors. The Terrestrial Biosphere and Global Change: Implications for Natural and Managed Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

77.      Paruelo, J., E. Jobbágy, and O. E. Sala. 1998. Biozones of Patagonia (Argentina). Ecología Austral 8(2): 145-153. PDF

76.      Paruelo, J., A. Beltrán, E. Jobbágy, O. E. Sala, and R. Golluscio. 1998. The climate of Patagonia: general patterns amd controls on biotic processes. Ecología Austral 8(2): 85-101. PDF

75.      Aguiar, M., and O. E. Sala. 1998. Interactions among grasses, shrubs, and herbivores in Patagonian grass-shrub steppes. Ecología Austral 8(2): 201-210. PDF

74.      Schulze, E., M. Caldwell, J. Canadell, H. A. Mooney, R. B. Jackson, D. Parson, R. Scholes, O. E. Sala, and P. Trimborn. 1998. Downward flux of water through roots (i.e. inverse hydraulic lift) in dry Kalahari sands. Oecologia 115(4): 460-462. PDF

73.      Golluscio, R., O. E. Sala, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1998. Differential use of large summer rainfall events by shrubs and grasses: a manipulative experiment in the Patagonian steppe. Oecologia 115(1-2): 17-25. PDF

72.      Paruelo, J., E. Jobbágy, O. E. Sala, W. K. Lauenroth, and I. Burke. 1998. Functional and structural convergence of temperate grassland and shrubland ecosystems. Ecological Applications 8(1): 194-206. PDF

71.      Jackson, R. B., O. E. Sala, J. M. Paruelo, and H. A. Mooney. 1998. Ecosystem water fluxes for two grasslands in elevated CO2: a modeling analysis. Oecologia 113(4): 537-546. PDF

70.      Chapin, F. S. I., O. E. Sala, I. C. Burke, J. P. Grime, D. U. Hooper, W. K. Lauenroth, A. Lombard, H. A. Mooney, A. R. Mosier, S. Naeem, S. W. Pacala, J. Roy, W. Steffen, and D. Tilman. 1998. Ecosystem consequences of changing biodiversity. BioScience 48(1): 45-52. PDF

69.      Chapin, F. S., B. H. Walker, R. J. Hobbs, D. U. Hooper, J. H. Lawton, O. E. Sala, and D. Tilman. 1997. Biotic controls over the functioning of ecosystems. Science 277(5325): 500-504. PDF

68.      Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and R. A. Golluscio. 1997. Plant functional types in temperate semi-arid regions. Pages 217-233 in T. M. Smith, H. H. Shugart, and F. I. Woodward, editors. Plant Functional Types. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

67.      Aguiar, M. R., and O. E. Sala. 1997. Seed distribution constrains the dynamics of the Patagonian steppe. Ecology 78(1): 93-100. PDF

66.      Sala, O. E., and J. M. Paruelo. 1997. Ecosystem services in grasslands. Pages 237-252 in G.C. Daily, editor. Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, D.C. PDF

65.      Schulze, E. D., H. A. Mooney, O. E. Sala, E. Jobbágy, N. Buchmann, G. Bauer, J. Canadell, R. B. Jackson, J. Loreti, M. Oesterheld, and J. R. Ehleringer. 1996. Rooting depth, water availability, and vegetation cover along an aridity gradient in Patagonia. Oecologia 108(3): 503-511. PDF

64.       Canadell, J., R. B. Jackson, J. R. Ehleringer, H. A. Mooney, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze.1996. Maximum rooting depth of vegetation types at the global scale. Oecologia 108(4): 583-595. PDF

63.      Jackson, R. B., J. Canadell, J. R. Ehleringer, H. A. Mooney, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze.1996. A global analysis of root distributions for terrestrial biomes. Oecologia 108(3): 389-411. PDF

62.      Sala, O. E. 1996. Global change and ecological complexity. Pages 341-345 in B. Walker, and W. Steffen, editors. Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

61.      Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and I. C. Burke. 1996. Carbon budgets of temperate grasslands and the effects of global change. Pages 101-119 in A. Breymeyer, D. O. Hall, J. M. Melillo, and G. I. Agren, editors. Global Change: Effects on Coniferous Forests and Grasslands. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, New York. PDF

60.      Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, S. J. McNaughton, G. Rusch, and X. Zhang. 1996. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in grasslands. Pages 129-149 in H. A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze, editors. Functional Role of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. J. Wiley and Sons, Chichester. PDF

59.      Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze. 1996. Conclusions. Pages 475-484 in H. A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze, editors. Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. J. Wiley and Sons, Chichester. PDF

58.      Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze. 1996. Introduction. Pages 1-6 in H. A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze, editors. Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. J. Wiley and Sons, Chichester. PDF

57.      Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. D. Schulze, Editors. 1996. Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester. PDF

56.      Sala, O. E., and M. R. Aguiar. 1996. Origin, maintenance, and ecosystem effect of vegetation patches in arid lands. Pages 29-32 in N. West, editor. Rangelands in a Sustainable Biosphere. Society for Range Management, Denver. PDF

55.      Aguiar, M. R., J. M. Paruelo, O. E. Sala, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1996. Ecosystem responses to changes in plant functional type composition: an example from the Patagonian steppe. Journal of Vegetation Science 7(3): 381-390. PDF

54.      Melillo, J. M., I. C. Prentice, G. D. Farquhar, E. D. Schulze, and O. E. Sala. 1996. Terrestrial biotic responses to environmental change and feedbacks to climate. Pages 444-481 in J. T. Houghton, L. G. Meira Filho, B. A. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskells, editors. Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

53.      Parton, W., J. Scurlock, D. Ojima, D. Schimel, D. Hall, M. Coughenour, E. Garcia Moya, T. Gilmanov, A. Kamnalrut, J. Kinyamario, T. Kirchner, T. Kittel, J. Menaut, O. E. Sala, R. Scholes, and J. van Veen. 1995. Impact of climate change on grassland production and soil carbon worldwide. Global Change Biology 1:13-22. PDF

52.      Paruelo, J. M., W. K. Lauenroth, H. E. Epstein, I. C. Burke, M. R. Aguiar, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Regional climatic similarities in the temperate zones of North and South America. Journal of Biogeography 22: 915-925. PDF

51.      Jackson, R. B., Y. Luo, Z. G. Cardon, O. E. Sala, C. B. Field, and H. A. Mooney. 1995. Photosynthesis, growth and density for the dominant species in a CO2-enriched grassland. Journal of Biogeography 22: 221-225. PDF

50.      Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, S. J. McNaughton, G. Rusch, and X. Zhang. 1995. Temperate grasslands. Pages 361-366 in H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo and O. E. Sala, editors. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

49.      Sala, O. E. 1995. Human-induced perturbations, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Pages 318-323 in H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo and O. E. Sala, editors. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

48.      Cushman, J., R. Dirzo, A. Janetos, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Conclusions. Pages 446-452 in H. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala, editors. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Ecosystem analyses. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

47.      Cushman, J., R. Dirzo, A. Janetos, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Introduction. Page 335 in H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala, editors. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Ecosystem Analyses. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

46.      Cushman, J., R. Dirzo, A. Janetos, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Conclusions. Pages 323-325 in H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala, editors. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Basic Principles. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

45.      Cushman, J., R. Dirzo, A. Janetos, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Introduction. Pages 281-282 in H. A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala, editors. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Basic Principles. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

44.      Mooney, H. A., J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: ecosystem analyses, section 6. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF part 1, 2, 3.

43.      Mooney, H. A., J. Lubchenco, R. Dirzo, and O. E. Sala. 1995. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: basic principles, section 5. Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. PDF

42.      Oesterheld, M., and O. E. Sala. 1995. Modelos ecológicos tradicionales y actuales para interpretar la dinámica de la vegetación: el caso del pastizal de la Pampa Deprimida. Revista Argentina de Producción Animal 14: 9-14. PDF

41.      Paruelo, J. M., and O. E. Sala. 1995. Water losses in the Patagonian steppe: a modelling approach. Ecology 76(2): 510-520. PDF

40.      Golluscio, R. A., P. A. Roset, O. E. Sala, and J. M. Paruelo. 1994. Modelos en ecología. Ecología Austral 4(1): 123-132. PDF

39.      Lauenroth, W. K., O. E. Sala, D. P. Coffin, and T. B. Kirchner. 1994. Recruitment of Bouteloua gracilis in the shortgrass steppe: a simulation analysis of the role of soil water. Ecological Applications 4(4): 741-749. PDF

38.      Jackson, R. B., O. E. Sala, C. B. Field, and H. A. Mooney. 1994. CO2 alters water use, carbon gain, and yield for the dominant species in a natural grassland. Oecologia 98(3-4): 257-262. PDF

37.      Soriano, A., O. E. Sala, and S. B. Perelman. 1994. Patch structure and dynamics of a Patagonian steppe. Vegetatio 111(2): 127-135. PDF

36.      Aguiar, M. R., and O. E. Sala. 1994. Competition, facilitation, seed distribution, and the origin of patches in a Patagonian steppe. Oikos 70(1): 26-34. PDF

35.      Paruelo, J. M., and O. E. Sala. 1993. The effect of global change on maize production in the Argentinean pampas. Climate Research 3: 161-167. PDF

34.      Mooney, H. A., and O. E. Sala. 1993. Science and sustainable use. Ecological Applications 3: 564-566. PDF

33.      Golluscio, R. A., and O. E. Sala. 1993. Plant functional types and ecological strategies in Patagonian forbs. Journal of Vegetation Science 4(6): 839-846. PDF

32.      McNaughton, S. J., O. E. Sala, and M. Oesterheld. 1993. Comparative ecology of African and South American arid to subhumid ecosystems. Pages 548-567 in P. Goldblatt, editor. Biological Relationships between Africa and South America. Yale University Press, New Haven. PDF

31.      Oesterheld, M., O. E. Sala, and S. J. McNaughton. 1992. The effect of animal husbandry on herbivore-carrying capacity at a regional scale. Nature 356(6366): 234-236. PDF

30.       Lauenroth, W. K., and O. E. Sala. 1992. Long term forage production of North American shortgrass steppe. Ecological Applications 2(4):397-403. PDF

29.      Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth and W. J. Parton. 1992. Long term soil water dynamics of the shortgrass steppe. Ecology 73(4):1175-1181. PDF

28.      Aguiar, M. R., A. Soriano, and O. E. Sala. 1992. Competition and facilitation in the recruitment of grass seedlings in Patagonia. Functional Ecology 6(1): 66-70. PDF

27.      Sala, O. E. 1992. Achieving a sustainable biosphere: an international endeavour. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7(10): 324-325. PDF

26.      Sala, O. E. 1992. Structure and function. Pages 387-395 in A. Soriano (editors) Río de la Plata Grasslands. In R.T. Coupland, editor. Ecosystems of the World, Volume 8A, Natural Grasslands. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam. PDF

25.      Huntley, B. J., E. Ezcurra, E. R. Fuentes, K. Fujii, P. J. Grubb, W. Haber, J. R. E. Harger, M.M. Holland, S. A. Levin, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, V. Neronov, I. Noble, H. R. Pulliam, P. S. Ramakrishnan, P. G. Risser, O. E. Sala, J. Sarukhan, and W. G. Sombroek. 1991. A sustainable biosphere: the global imperative. Ecology International 20:1-14. PDF

24.      Fernández, R. J., O. E. Sala, and R. A. Golluscio. 1991. Woody and herbaceous aboveground production of a Patagonian steppe. Journal of Range Management 44(5): 434-437. PDF

23.      Biondini, M. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and O. E. Sala. 1991. Correcting estimates of net primary production: are we overestimating plant production in rangelands? Journal of Range Management 44(3): 194-198. PDF

22.      Oesterheld, M., and O. E. Sala. 1990. Grazing effect upon seedling establishment: the role of seed and safe-site availability. Journal of Vegetation Science 1(3): 353-358. PDF

21.      Paruelo, J. M., and O. E. Sala. 1990. Characterization of the floods in the Flooding Pampa (Buenos Aires, Argentina): water table dynamics. Turrialba 40: 5-11. PDF

20.      Sala, O. E., R. A. Golluscio, W. K. Lauenroth and A. Soriano. 1989. Resource partitioning between shrubs and grasses in the Patagonian steppe. Oecologia (Berl) 81(4): 501-505. PDF

19.      Sala, O. E., M. E. Biondini, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1989. Bias in estimates of primary production: an analytical solution. Ecological Modelling 44(1): 43-55. PDF

18.      Sala, O. E., W. J. Parton, L. A. Joyce, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1988. Primary production of the central grassland region of the United States: spatial pattern and major controls. Ecology 69(1): 40-45. PDF

17.      Milchunas, D. G., O. E. Sala, and W. K. Lauenroth. 1988. A generalized model of the effects of grazing by large herbivores on grassland community structure. American Naturalist 132(1): 87-106. PDF

16.      Sala, O. E. 1988. The effect of herbivory on vegetation structure. Pages 317-330 in M. J. A.Werger, P. J. M. van der Aart, H. J. During, and J. T. A. Verhoeven, editors. Plant Form and Vegetation Structure: Adaptation, Plasticity, and Relation to Herbivory . SPB Academic Publishing bv, The Hague, The Netherlands. PDF

15.      Senft, R. L., M. B. Coughenour, D. W. Bailey, L. R. Rittenhouse, O. E. Sala, and D. M. Swift. 1987. Large herbivore foraging and ecological hierarchies. BioScience 37(11): 789-799. PDF

14.      Lauenroth, W. K., O. E. Sala, D. G. Milchunas, and R. W. Lathrop. 1987. Root dynamics of Bouteloua gracilis during short-term recovery from drought. Functional Ecology 1(2): 117-124. PDF

13.      Soriano, A., and O. E. Sala. 1986. Emergence and survival of Bromus setifolius seedlings in different microsites of the Patagonian arid steppe. Israel Journal of Botany 35(2): 91-100. PDF

12.      Sala, O. E., M. Oesterheld, R. J. C. León, and A. Soriano. 1986. Grazing effect upon plant community structure in subhumid grasslands of Argentina. Vegetatio 67(1) :27-32. PDF

11.      Sala, O. E. 1986. The energy analysis of food production systems and the role of animal production: a review. Turrialba 36(1): 91-97. PDF

10.      Sala, O. E., and W. K. Lauenroth. 1985. Root profiles and the ecological effect of light rainshowers in arid and semiarid regions. American Midland Naturalist 114(2): 406-408. PDF

9.        Soriano, A., and O. E. Sala. 1983. Ecological strategies in a Patagonian arid steppe. Vegetatio 56(1): 9-15. PDF

8.        Cauhépé, M., R. J. C. León, O. E. Sala, and A. Soriano. 1982. Pastizales naturales y pasturas cultivadas, dos sistemas complementarios y no opuestos. Revista Facultad de Agronomía 3(1): 1-11. PDF

7.        Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and W. J. Parton. 1982. Plant recovery following prolonged drought in a shortgrass steppe. Agricultural Meteorology 27(1-2): 49-58. PDF

6.        Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, and C. P. P. Reid. 1982. Water relations: a new dimension for niche separation between Bouteloua gracilis and Agropyron smithii in North American semiarid grasslands. Journal of Applied Ecology 19(2): 647-657. PDF

5.        Sala, O. E., and W. K. Lauenroth. 1982. Small rainfall events: an ecological role in semiarid regions. Oecologia 53(3): 301-304. PDF

4.        Sala, O. E., A. Soriano, and S. Perelman. 1981. Water relations of the major components of a grassland in the Salado River Basin. Revista Facultad de Agronomía 2(1): 1-10. PDF

3.        Sala, O. E., W. K. Lauenroth, W. J. Parton, and M. J. Trlica. 1981. Water status of soil and vegetation in a shortgrass steppe. Oecologia (Berl.) 48(3): 327-331. PDF

2.        Sala, O. E., V. A. Deregibus, T. Schlichter, and H. Alippe. 1981. Productivity dynamics of a native temperate grassland in Argentina. Journal of Range Management 34(1): 48-51. PDF

1.        Soriano, A., O. E. Sala, and R. J. C. Leon, 1980. Actual and potential vegetation of the Coiron Amargo prairie in the SW Chubut. Boletin de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 19(1-2): 309-314. PDF

 

Research Activity: 

Current Reserach Grants

2018-23 Long-term ecosystem responses to directional changes in precipitation amount and variability in an arid grassland National Science Foundation 

2017-21 Forecasting dryland ecosystem vulnerability to change: a cross-system assessment of vegetation and process responses to disturbance and climate variability on DoD lands SERDP-DOD 

2016-19 Exotic grass and woody-plant encroachment in Southwestern rangelands: Mechanisms of invasion and opportunities of containment USDA-NIFA-AFRI 

2015-18 Water Availability Controls on Above-Belowground Productivity Partitioning: Herbivory versus Plant Response National Science Foundation, (PI) 

2014-19 Drought-Net: A global network to assess terrestrial ecosystem sensitivity to drought

National Science Foundation

Fall 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
SOS 592Research
Spring 2020
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
GCU 526Sustainability Science
BIO 526Sustainability Science
SOS 526Sustainability Science
BIO 591Seminar
SOS 592Research
Fall 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
SOS 592Research
Spring 2019
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
SOS 591Seminar
GCU 591Seminar
BIO 591Seminar
SOS 592Research
SOS 599Thesis
Fall 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
SOS 592Research
BIO 598Special Topics
Spring 2018
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 495Undergraduate Research
SOS 590Reading and Conference
SOS 591Seminar
GCU 591Seminar
BIO 591Seminar
Spring 2017
Course NumberCourse Title
SOS 591Seminar
GCU 591Seminar
BIO 591Seminar
Fall 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 591Seminar
Summer 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
BIO 790Reading and Conference
Spring 2016
Course NumberCourse Title
SOS 591Seminar
GCU 591Seminar
BIO 591Seminar
Presentations: 

 

Presentations 2016-2019

  1. Osvaldo E. Sala. Land-Management Decisions: Present and Future. Renewable Resources Group, 2019, Los Angeles, CA.  
  2. Osvaldo E. Sala. New research directions. Jornada LTER Retreat, 2019 Ruidoso, NM.  
  3. Osvaldo E. Sala. Effects of Climate Change on Ecosystems: Directional Changes in Precipitation Amount and Variability. European Federation of Ecology Bi-Annual Meeting, 2019, Lisbon, Portugal 
  4. Osvaldo E. Sala. Sustainable Development Goals: Tradeoffs, Synergisms and Stakeholders. European Federation of Ecology Bi-Annual Meeting, 2019, Lisbon, Portugal 
  5. Courtney M. Currier and Osvaldo E. Sala. The grass is not always greener: Grasses, but not shrubs, alter greenness in response to extreme drought or precipitation in a semiarid grassland. Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, 2019, Louisville, KY. 
  6. André L.C. Franco, Cecilia M. de Tomasel, Walter S. Andriuzzi, Katharine E. Ankrom1, Elizabeth M. Bach, Laureano A. Gherardi, Osvaldo E. Sala and Diana H. Wall, Root herbivory controls the effects of precipitation on above-belowground biomass partitioning. A greenhouse study. Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, 2019, Louisville, KY  
  7. Laureano Gherardi, Osvaldo E. Sala, Courtney M. Currier, André L.C. Franco, and Diana H. Wall, Spatial and temporal controls of water availability on the partitioning of above-belowground productivity. Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, 2019, Louisville, KY  
  8. Debra Peters, Heather M. Savoy, Geovany Ramirez, Colby W. Brungard, Osvaldo E. Sala, and Gregory S. Okin, Greening of American deserts under extreme wet periods. Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, 2019, Louisville, KY 
  9. Osvaldo E. Sala and Laureano Gherardi, Ecosystem response to extreme precipitation events is modulated by species interactions. American Geophysical Union, Annual Meeting, 2019 San Francisco, CA.  
  10. Osvaldo E. Sala. Land-Management Decisions: Present and Future. Renewable Resources Group, 2019, Los Angeles, CA.  
  11. Osvaldo E. Sala. New research directions. Jornada LTER Retreat, 2019 Ruidoso, NM.  
  12. Osvaldo E. Sala. Effects of Climate Change on Ecosystems: Directional Changes in Precipitation Amount and Variability. European Federation of Ecology Bi-Annual Meeting, 2019, Lisbon, Portugal 
  13. Osvaldo E. Sala. Sustainable Development Goals: Tradeoffs, Synergisms and Stakeholders. European Federation of Ecology Bi-Annual Meeting, 2019, Lisbon, Portugal 
  14. Courtney M. Currier and Osvaldo E. Sala. The grass is not always greener: Grasses, but not shrubs, alter greenness in response to extreme drought or precipitation in a semiarid grassland. Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, 2019, Louisville, KY. 
  15. André L.C. Franco, Cecilia M. de Tomasel, Walter S. Andriuzzi, Katharine E. Ankrom1, Elizabeth M. Bach, Laureano A. Gherardi, Osvaldo E. Sala and Diana H. Wall, Root herbivory controls the effects of precipitation on above-belowground biomass partitioning. A greenhouse study. Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, 2019, Louisville, KY  
  16. Laureano Gherardi, Osvaldo E. Sala, Courtney M. Currier, André L.C. Franco, and Diana H. Wall, Spatial and temporal controls of water availability on the partitioning of above-belowground productivity. Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, 2019, Louisville, KY  
  17. Debra Peters, Heather M. Savoy, Geovany Ramirez, Colby W. Brungard, Osvaldo E. Sala, and Gregory S. Okin, Greening of American deserts under extreme wet periods. Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, 2019, Louisville, KY 
  18. Osvaldo E. Sala and Laureano Gherardi, Ecosystem response to extreme precipitation events is modulated by species interactions. American Geophysical Union, Annual Meeting, 2019 San Francisco, CA.  
  19. Osvaldo E. Sala. Looking for a Pulse in Dryland Ecosystems: Evaluating the Pulse Dynamics Paradigm Forty Years after its Creation, 2018, ASU Global Drylands Center Science Symposium, Fountain Hills, AZ.
  20. Laura Yahdjian, Osvaldo Sala, Juan Manuel Piñeiro, Melinda Smith, Alan Knapp, Richard Phillips, Scott Collins. Global climate and soil parameter distribution and the representation of a coordinated drought experiment, 2018, Drought-Net Symposium, Colorado State University. Fort Collins, CO 
  21. Osvaldo E. Sala, Effects of Climate Change on Ecosystems: Directional Changes in Precipitation Amount and Variability, 2018. Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
  22. Osvaldo Sala, Melinda Smith, Alan Knapp, Laureano Gherardi, From Climate Extremes to Human Impact, 2018. Annual Meeting Ecological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
  23. Osvaldo Sala, Laureano Gherardi and Deb Peters Ecological Responses to
    Extreme Precipitation Events, 2018. Annual Meeting Ecological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
  24. Osvaldo Sala, Global Drylands Center, 2018. Annual Meeting Ecological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
  25. Mónica Ladrón de Guevara, Osvaldo Sala, Josep Peñuelas, Marty Wojciechowski, Patch-size and cover changes of Bouteloua eriopoda to extreme precipitation events, 2018. Annual Meeting Ecological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
  26. Greg Okin, Enrique Vivoni and Osvaldo Sala, State Changes and Connectivity: Essential Linkage sin Drylands, 2018. Annual Meeting Ecological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
  27. Courtney Currier and Osvaldo Sala, Multi-year rainfall manipulation effects on grass and shrub phenology, 2018. Annual Meeting Ecological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
  28. Luis Weber-Grullon, Osvaldo E. Sala, William A. Rutherford, Steven R. Archer, Woody-plant encroachment in the Chihuahuan Desert: Precipitation, Herbivory and Precipitation effects on Prosopis glandulosa recruitment, 2018. Annual Meeting Ecological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
  29. Andre Franco, Laureano Gherardi, Diana Wall and Osvaldo Sala., Drought suppresses nematode predators and promotes root herbivores and microbivores in mesic, but not in arid grasslands, 2018. Annual Meeting Ecological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
  30. Osvaldo E. Sala, Effects of Climate Change on Ecosystems: Directional Changes in Precipitation Amount and Variability. 2018. University of California, Irvine
  31. Osvaldo Sala, Melinda Smith, Alan Knapp, Laureano Gherardi, From Climate Extremes to Human Impact, 2018. LTER All Scientists Meeting, Asilomar, CA
  32. Laureano Gherardi, Osvaldo Sala, Precipitation Controls the Above-Belowground Partitioning of Net Primary Production across Biomes, 2018. LTER All Scientists Meeting, Asilomar, CA
  33. Svenja K. Wagner, Osvaldo E. Sala, Interactions between soil properties and precipitation explain production patterns across a diverse landscape, 2018. LTER All Scientists Meeting, Asilomar, CA
  34. Courtney Currier, Osvaldo Sala, Multi-year rainfall manipulation effects on grass and shrub phenology at the Jornada Basin LTER, 2018. LTER All Scientists Meeting, Asilomar, CA
  35. Osvaldo Sala, Un Umbral en Ecología, 2018. Reunión Anual del Asociación Argentina de Ecología, Mar del Plata Argentina
  36. Osvaldo Sala, De Los Andes al Océano, el Conocimiento Ecológico al servicio de la Sociedad, 2018. Reunión Anual del Asociación Argentina de Ecología, Mar del Plata Argentina
  37. Osvaldo Sala, Sasha Reed, Scott Collins, Laureano Gherardi, Kevin Wilcox and Alan Knapp, Precipitation-Pulse Regimes Determine Functioning of Dryland Ecosystems, 2018. Annual Meeting American Geophysical Union, Washington DC.
  38. Osvaldo E. Sala, Global Sensitivity of Drylands to Global Change Drivers: A Workshop. PLuS Alliance Meeting, Kings College London, April 2017.
  39. Osvaldo E. Sala, Effects of climate change on ecosystems: directional changes in precipitation amount and variability, Ensenada, Mexico. July 2017.
  40. Osvaldo E. Sala, Chihuahuan Desert ecological research: Results and opportunities. Jornada Experimental Range Annual meeting, New Mexico State University, NM, July 2017.
  41. Osvaldo E. Sala, Theory of the greatest threat to drylands. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR, August 2017.
  42. Osvaldo E. Sala, Paris Climate Agreement and Drylands. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR, August 2017.
  43. André L.C. Franco, Laureano A. Gherardi, Cecilia M. de Tomasel, Walter S. Andriuzzi, E. Ashley Shaw, Katharine E. Ankrom, Osvaldo E. Sala and Diana H. Wall, Cross-site responses of soil nematodes to abnormal growing-season precipitation. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR, August 2017.
  44. Philip A. Fay, Laura Yahdjian, Laureano A. Gherardi, Elizabeth T. Borer, Stan W. Harpole, Eric M. Lind, Osvaldo E. Sala and Eric W. Seabloom, Do nutrients modify ecosystem stability in response to precipitation variability? Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR, August 2017.
  45. Laureano A. Gherardi, Osvaldo E. Sala, Courtney M. Currier, André L.C. Franco and Diana H. Wall, Partitioning of above-belowground producitivity: Spatial and temporal controls of water availability. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR, August 2017.
  46. Osvaldo Sala, the effect of climate change on arid and semi-arid ecosystems, Distinguish ecologist program, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, March 2016
  47. Osvaldo Sala, Climate change in arid lands: prediction, mitigation and communication. Grantham Institute, Imperial College, London, April 2016
  48. Osvaldo Sala, Novel climate-novel ecosystems: Directional changes in precipitation amount and variability. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, April 2016
  49. Osvaldo Sala, The effect of climate change on ecosystem functioning, University of Puerto Rico, April 2016
  50. Osvaldo Sala, Above-belowground partitioning of primary production as modulated by precipitation amount. Jornada Experimental Range Annual meeting, New Mexico State University, NM, July 2016
  51. Osvaldo Sala, Laureano Gherardi, Deb Peters and Lara Reichmann, Can we predict responses to directional climate change based on our understanding of pulse responses? Annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Fort Lauderdale, FL. August 2016
  52. Laureano A. Gherardi, and Osvaldo E. Sala, Effects of contrasting rooting distribution patterns on plant transpiration along a precipitation gradient Annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Fort Lauderdale, FL. August 2016
  53. Osvaldo Sala. The Effects of climate change on ecosystem functioning. Purdue University, August 2016
  54. Osvaldo Sala, Effects of Climate Change on Drylands, Institute of Ecology, Xalapa, Mexico. October 2016
  55. Osvaldo Sala, Laureano Gherardi, Debra Peters, Lara Reichmann, Grasslands Response to Precipitation Extremes, American Geophysical Union, December 2016
  56. Osvaldo Sala, Laureano Gherardi, José Anadón, Changes of the Shrub-Grass Balance under Climate Change, American Geophysical Union, December 2016

 

Honors / Awards: 

2019       American Geophysical Union, Fellow

2019       Regents’ Professor, Arizona State University

2018       Asociación Argentina de Ecología, Honorary Member

2013       Ecological Society of America, Fellow

2009       American Association for the Advancement of Science, Fellow

2004       Andrew D. White Professor-at-Large, Cornell University

2003       American Academy of Arts and Sciences, USA, Elected Member

2003       National Academy of Physical and Natural Sciences, Buenos Aires, Elected    Member

2002       National Academy of Sciences, Córdoba, Argentina, Elected Member

1993       Guggenheim Fellow

Editorships: 

* Editorial Board of Climate Research, Inter Research, 1992-05

* Editor of Global Change Biology, Blackwell Scientific, 2003-05

* Editorial Board of Ecosystems, Springer Verlag, 1997-2004

* Editorial Board of Oecologia, Springer Verlag, 1994-2004

* Editorial Board of Vegetatio, Kluwer academic publishers, 1990-1996

* Editorial Board of Global Change Biology, Blackwell Scientific, 1994-2003

Professional Associations: 

Ecological Society of America

American Association for the Advancement of Science

American Geophysical Union

Graduate Faculties / Mentoring History: 

GRADUATE STUDENTS AND POST DOCTORAL FELLOWS

 

Graduate Students:

Chris Vito (exp 2024)

Sam Jordan (exp 2023)

Courtney Currier (exp 2023)

Luis Weber (exp 2021)

Svenja Wagner 2019

Amy Wiedenfeld, 2018

Aaron Boydston 2018

Owen McKenna, 2016

Laureano Gherardi, 2014

Lara Reichmann, 2011

Pedro Flombaum, 2007

Marselle Alexander, 2007

Victoria Marchesini, 2006

M. Laura Yahdjian, 2004

Verónica Pancotto, 2004

Pablo Roset, 2000

Esteban Jobbágy, 1998

Adriana Beltrán, 1997

José M. Paruelo, 1991

Martín R. Aguiar, 1991

Rodolfo A. Golluscio, 1990

 

Postdoctoral fellows:

Mónica Ladro de Guevara 2018-

Laureano Gherardi, 2015-

José Anadón, 2012-13

Lara Reichmann, 2011-12

Erika Sudderth, 2009

M. Laura Yahdjian, 2005

Elisabeth Huber-Sannwald, 1996-97

Patricia Folgarait, 1995-97

Silvia Cid, 1995-96

Miguel A. Brizuela, 1991-94

 

Work History: 

ACADEMIC EXPERIENCE

 

2017-      Director, Global Drylands Center, Arizona State University

2010-     Julie A. Wrigley Professor of Life Sciences and Sustainability, Arizona State

University

2005-10 Sloan Lindemann Distinguished Professor of Biology, Brown University

2005-08 Director, Environmental Change Initiative, Brown University

2005-08 Director, Center for Environmental Studies, Brown University

1991-04 Professor, Department of Ecology, School of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires

1982-04  Research Scientist, National Research Council, Argentina

1999       Visiting Scholar, Imperial College at Silwood Park

1993-94 Visiting Scholar, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, USA

1987-88 Chairman, Department of Ecology, School of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina

1987-90 Associate Professor, Department of Ecology, School of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina

1985-87 Research Scientist, Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, USA1

1982-83 Assistant Professor, Department of Ecology, School of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina

1980-82 Assistant Professor, Range Science Department, Colorado State University, USA

 

Service: 

 

Current

* President, Ecological Society of America, 2018-2020

 

Previous

* Chair, External Advisory Board, School of Global Environmental Sustainability,

Colorado State University, 2012-2018

* Co-Director, SARAS (South American Institute for Resilience and Sustainability

Studies), 2010-16

* LTER (Long Term Ecological Research) National Advisory Board, National Science

Foundation, 2010-13

* Jury of Ramon Margalef Prize, Barcelona, Spain, 2008-2011

* Scientific Advisory Board, SCOPE Biofuels Project, 2007-10

* Rhode Island, Ocean Special Area Management Plan, Science Advisory Task Force, 2008

* Advisor, National Science Foundation, Environmental Research and Education, 2007-09

* Member, Global Agenda Council, World Economic Forum, 2008-09

* President, SCOPE, Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, 2005-09

* External Evaluation CREAF, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Spain, 2008.

* Member, Science Council, The Nature Conservancy, 2005-07

* Secretary General, SCOPE, Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment, 2001-05

* Editorial Board of Climate Research, Inter Research, 1992-05

* Editor of Global Change Biology, Blackwell Scientific, 2003-05

* Editorial Board of Ecosystems, Springer Verlag, 1997-2004

* Editorial Board of Oecologia, Springer Verlag, 1994-2004

* Member at large Governing Board of the Ecological Society of America, 2002-04

* Chair of “Red LatinoAmericana de Botánica,” 2001-2004

* Scientific Committee for the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP),

1994-1996

* Scientific Steering committee of Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (GCTE), a core project of the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme, 1991-1999

* Leader, Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (GCTE). Focus 4, Global Change and

Ecological Complexity, 1994-1999

* Steering committee of America's Interhemisphere Geo-Biosphere Organization (AMIGO), 1991-1995

* Scientific Advisory Committee of the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Soils and

Sediment, a program of the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment

(SCOPE), 1995-1999

* Scientific Advisory Committee of Diversitas, An International Programme of Biodiversity

Science, IUBS, SCOPE, UNESCO, ICSU, IGBP-GCTE, and IUMS, 1995- 2001

* Scientific Steering Committee of SCOPE, Scientific Committee on Problems of the

Environment, 1998-2001

* Scientific Steering Committee of “Red LatinoAmericana de Botánica”1999-2001

* Biology Panel, National Research Council of Argentina, 1989-1992

* Vice-President Ecological Society of Argentina, 1991-1993

* President Ecological Society of Argentina, 1997-1999 and 1999-2001

* Editorial Board of Vegetatio, Kluwer academic publishers, 1990-1996

* Editorial Board of Global Change Biology, Blackwell Scientific, 1994-2003